Clos du Doubs

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Clos du Doubs
Clos du Doubs
Clos du Doubs
Coat of arms of Clos du Doubs
Coat of arms
Clos du Doubs is located in Switzerland
Clos du Doubs
Clos du Doubs
Clos du Doubs is located in Canton of Jura
Clos du Doubs
Clos du Doubs
Coordinates: 47°21′N 07°09′E / 47.350°N 7.150°E / 47.350; 7.150Coordinates: 47°21′N 07°09′E / 47.350°N 7.150°E / 47.350; 7.150
Country Switzerland
Canton Jura
District Porrentruy
Government
 • Mayor Maire
Area[1]
 • Total 61.77 km2 (23.85 sq mi)
Elevation 440 m (1,440 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 1,306
 • Density 21/km2 (55/sq mi)
Postal code 2882
SFOS number 6808
Localities Epauvillers, Epiquerez, Montenol, Montmelon, Ocourt, Saint-Ursanne and Seleute
Surrounded by Montfaucon, Soubey, Saint-Brais, La Baroche, Glovelier, Boécourt, Cornol, Courgenay, Fontenais, Bressaucourt, Montancy (F), Burnevillers (F)
Website http://www.closdudoubs.ch
SFSO statistics

Clos du Doubs (Franc-Comtois: Chôs di Doubs) is a municipality in the district of Porrentruy in the canton of Jura in Switzerland. It was founded on January 1, 2009 by the former municipalities of Epauvillers, Epiquerez, Montenol, Montmelon, Ocourt, Saint-Ursanne and Seleute.[3] Soubey voted not to join the merger.

The new town took its name from the Clos du Doubs region (which also includes Soubey). The region includes the section of the Doubs valley near Saint-Ursanne, about 15 km (9.3 mi) west of Delémont. The region covers about 80 km2 (31 sq mi), centered on the village of Saint-Ursanne.

Clos du Doubs can also refer to a range of the Jura folds south-west of Saint-Ursanne.

Geography[edit]

Doubs river at Saint Ursanne

Clos du Doubs has an area of 61.77 km2 (23.85 sq mi).[1] Of this area, 26.51 km2 (10.24 sq mi) or 42.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32.21 km2 (12.44 sq mi) or 52.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.24 km2 (0.86 sq mi) or 3.6% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.78 km2 (0.30 sq mi) or 1.3% is either rivers or lakes and 0.08 km2 (20 acres) or 0.1% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 1.2% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.0%. Out of the forested land, 48.7% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.4% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 5.7% is used for growing crops and 27.5% is pastures and 9.5% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Saint Ursanne town

Clos du Doubs has a population (as of December 2015) of 1,306.[5] As of 2010, 6.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of -2.7%. Migration accounted for -1.5%, while births and deaths accounted for -2%.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (90.5%) as their first language, German is the second most common (6.0%) and Serbo-Croatian is the third (1.1%).[7]

As of 2008, the population was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. The population was made up of 592 Swiss men (46.4% of the population) and 41 (3.2%) non-Swiss men. There were 600 Swiss women (47.0%) and 43 (3.4%) non-Swiss women.[6]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 23.6% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 55.1% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 21.2%.[7]

As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 3.8 new units per 1000 residents.[7] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 1.58%.[7]

Historic Population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[8]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The farm house at Chez Danville 5 in Montmelon, Montvoie Castle, the Saint-Ursanne Collegiate church, the fortifications at Saint-Ursanne, the bridge over the Doubs river, and the medieval village of Saint-Ursanne are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance. The entire village of Saint-Ursanne and the hamlet of Montenol are part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[9]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Clos du Doubs had an unemployment rate of 2.9%. As of 2008, there were 227 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 74 businesses involved in this sector. 173 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 12 businesses in this sector. 349 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 46 businesses in this sector.[7]

Of the working population, 9% used public transportation to get to work, and 47.9% used a private car.[7]

Education[edit]

The Canton of Jura school system provides two year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school followed by some form of Tertiary school or they may enter an apprenticeship.[10]

During the 2009-10 school year, there were a total of 100 students attending 7 classes in Clos du Doubs. There was one kindergarten class with a total of 16 students in the municipality.[11] The municipality had 6 primary classes and 84 students.[12] There are only nine Secondary schools in the canton, so all the students from Clos du Doubs attend their secondary school in another municipality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 19 July 2011
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  6. ^ a b Population résidante permanente des communes, selon le sexe et la nationalité, au 31 décembre 2010, canton du Jura Archived April 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. pdf document from the Canton of Jura Statistical Office Archived April 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 19 December 2011
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 29-December-2011
  8. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived March 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  9. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  10. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  11. ^ Effectifs de l'école enfantine 2009-2010 Archived April 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. (French) accessed 19 December 2011
  12. ^ Effectifs de l'école primaire (French) accessed 19 December 2011