Closeburn, Dumfries and Galloway
Closeburn (Scottish Gaelic: Cill Osbairn) is a village and civil parish in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. The village is on the A76 road 2 1⁄2 miles (4 km) south of Thornhill. In the 2001 census, Closeburn had a population of 1,119. Closeburn is recorded as Killosbern in 1185. The first element of the name is Gaelic cill 'cell or church'. The second element is a saint's name, but none has definitely been identified.
Between 1849 and 1961 the village had a railway station. Although Closeburn railway station is now closed, the Glasgow South Western Line still runs through the village. The nearest stations are at Sanquhar and Dumfries.
The village is the former location of Wallace Hall Academy, founded in 1723 and now based in Thornhill. The former schoolhouse, built in 1795 and incorporating the original buildings from the 1720s, is a Category A listed building.
The River Nith is on the western boundary of the parish of Closeburn. The eastern part of the parish contains several hills, including the 2,286 feet (697 m) Queensberry, at the southern end of the Lowther Hills, part of the Southern Uplands. Several streams flow through the area, and the gorge and waterfall at Crichope Linn, 3 1⁄2 miles (6 km) north-north-east of Closeburn was chosen by Walter Scott in his novel Old Mortality as the lair of John Balfour of Burley.
The nearby Brownhill Inn was a favourite haunt of the poet Robert Burns whilst he was working at an excise man or gauger in the area and was the site of inspirational events that led to the bard writing several poems, odes, etc.
- "KILLOSBERN, ECCLES., CLOSEBURN". Saints in Scottish Place-Names. Archived from the original on 2015-03-29. Retrieved 2015-03-26.
- Watson, W. J. (1926). The Celtic Place-Names of Scotland. Edinburgh and London. p. 167. Archived from the original on 2014-08-21.
- Nicolaisen, W. F. H. (2001). Scottish Place-Names. Edinburgh: John Donald. p. 166.
- "Listed Building Report: Wallacehall Assessment Centre (Former Academy and Schoolhouse)". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
- "Listed Building Report: Closeburn Castle". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
- The Topographical, Statistical, and Historical Gazetteer of Scotland: A-H. A. Fullarton & Co. 1845. p. 228. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
- Wilson, John Marius (1860). Nelsons' hand-book to Scotland: for tourists. T. Nelson. p. 36. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
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