Closed couplet

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In poetics, closed couplets are two line units of verse that do not extend their sense beyond the line's end. Furthermore, the lines are usually rhymed. When the lines are in iambic pentameter, they are referred to as heroic verse. However, Samuel Butler also used closed couplets in his iambic tetrameter Hudibrastic verse.

"True wit is nature to advantage dressed
What oft was thought, but ne'er so well express'd"

is an example of the closed couplet in heroic verse from Alexander Pope's Essay on Criticism.

One of the modern exponents of closed couplets is Dr. Mulki Radhakrishna Shetty.[1][2][3] He has written 1,37,788 couplets in English in 11,68,687 words, one of the largest in any literature.


  1. ^ Shetty, Mulki Radhakrishna. "Golden Book of World Records 2018".
  2. ^ Shetty, Mulki Radhakrishna. Limca Book of Records 2017. Gurugram: Hachette Book Publishing India Pvt Ltd. p. 130. ISBN 9789382867241.
  3. ^ Shetty, Mulki Radhakrishna. "Coca Cola Literature" (PDF).