Clostridium beijerinckii is a gram positive, rod shaped, motile bacterium of the genus Clostridium. It has been isolated from feces and soil. Produces oval to subterminal spores. it is named after Martinus Beijerinck who is a Dutch bacteriologist.
Formerly Clostridium acetobutylicum.
Industrially interesting for its ability to produce butanol, acetone and/or isopropanol at strictly anaerobic conditions at 37 °C using a wide range of substrates including (but not limited to) pentoses, hexoses and starch. Its ability to grow in simple, inexpensive media, stability in regard to strain degeneration, good adaptability to continuous processes and sustained production of solvents well into the log phase are other advantages of this bacterium.
Recent developments have shown it is a possible candidate for efficient hydrogen production.
- Clostridium beijerinckii information from JGI
- bacterio.net, list of prokaryotic names with standing nomenclature.
- Wilkinson, S R; M Young. "Physical map of the Clostridium beijerinckii (formerly Clostridium acetobutylicum) NCIMB 8052 chromosome". American Society for Microbiology: Journal of Bacteriology. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Characterization on hydrogen production performance of a newly isolated Clostridium beijerinckii YA001 using xylose". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 39: 19928–19936. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.10.014.
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