Clostridium chauvoei

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Clostridium chauvoei
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Division: Firmicutes
Class: Clostridia
Family: Clostridiaceae
Genus: Clostridium
Species: Cl. chauvoei
Binomial name
Clostridium chauvoei
(Arloing et al. 1887) Scott 1928

Clostridium chauvoei is an anaerobic, motile, Gram-positive bacterium. In cattle and sheep, a severe infection causes blackleg. Clostridial diseases are considered soil-borne diseases and Clostridium chauvoei, specifically, is known to cause blackleg disease in humans and animals. As it is considered a soil-borne disease, scientists have found a correlation between flooding and the amount of bacteria found in the soil - the spores are redistributed to then contaminate soils, pastures, and water. A study conducted in Taiwan sought to test this correlation by using nucleic acid to extract Clostridium chauvoei from the soil before and after flooding. For the first time, there is evidence to show that the environmental distribution of Clostridium chauvoei is increased after flooding.[1]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Huang, Shr-Wei; Chan, Jacky Peng-Wen; Shia, Wei-Yau; Shyu, Chin-Lin; Tung, Kwon-Chung; Wang, Chi-Young (April 2013). "The Utilization of a Commercial Soil Nucleic Acid Extraction Kit and PCR for the Detection of Clostridium tetanus and Clostridium chauvoei on Farms after Flooding in Taiwan". Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 75 (4): 489–495. doi:10.1292/jvms.12-0271. 

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