Cloud-computing comparison

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a comparison of cloud-computing software and providers.

IaaS (Infrastructure as a service)[edit]



Provider Launched Block storage Assignable IPs SMTP support IOPS Guaranteed minimum Security Locations Notes
Google Cloud Platform 2013 Yes No No[1] Yes Yes[2] br, ca, cl, us, be, ch, de, es, fi, it, po, nl, uk, il, au, cn, in, jp, sg, id, tw[3] SMTP blocked.[4]
Oracle Cloud Infrastructure 2014 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[5] us, ca, br, de, uk, nl, ch, in, aus, jp, kr, saud
Amazon Web Services 2006 Yes Yes Partial[6] Yes Yes[7] us, ca, br, ie, de, uk, cn, sg, au, jp, kr, in, za, fr, se, bh, hk, it, id List of bugs[8]
IBM Cloud 2005 Yes Yes No[9] Yes Yes[10] us, gb, fr, de, nl, in, au, hk, kr, it, jp, no, sg
Microsoft Azure 2010 Yes Yes Yes[11] Yes negligent[12][13] ca, us, br, ie, nl, de, uk, cn, au, jp, in, kr, sg, hk, za List of bugs[14]
GoDaddy 2016 No No Yes[15]
Rackspace 1998 Partial No Yes No Yes[16] us, au, hk root volume is a fixed size
OVH 1999[17] Yes Yes[18] Yes[19] Yes Yes[20] au, ca, de, fr, gb, pl, us, sg[21]
Atlantic.Net 2010 No Yes No Yes[22] us, uk, ca
Scaleway 2016 Yes Yes[23] Yes[24] Yes Yes[25] fr, nl
Alibaba Cloud 2009 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[26] cn, hk, sg, au, my, id, in, jp, us, de, uk, ae
Hetzner Cloud Yes Yes[27] de, fi, us
Safe Swiss Cloud 2013[28] Yes Yes Yes Yes[29] ch
DigitalOcean 2016[30] Partial Yes Partial Yes[31] sg, nl, uk, ca, de, in SMTP for accounts older than 60 days[32] but they use spam mandrillapp servers.[33] root volume is a fixed size.

SaaS (Software as a Service)[edit]


SaaS (Software as a Service) Initial release date License(s) Written in As a service Local installations
fluid Operations eCloudManager 2009-03-01 Proprietary Java, Groovy No Yes
AppScale[34] 2009-03-07 Apache License[1] Python, Ruby, Go Yes Yes
Cloud Foundry 2011-04-12 Apache License Ruby, C, Java, Go Yes Yes / CloudStack[35] 2010-05-04 Apache license Java, C Yes Yes
Eucalyptus[36] 2008-05-29 Proprietary, GPL v3 Java, C Yes Yes
Flexiant Limited[37] 2007-01-15 Proprietary software Java, C Yes Yes
Nimbus 2009-01-09 Apache License Java, Python Yes Yes
OpenNebula[38] 2008-03-?? Apache License C++, C, Ruby, Java, Shell script, lex, yacc Yes Yes
OpenQRM[39] 2008-03-?? GPL License C++, PHP, Shell script Yes Yes
OpenShift[40] 2011-05-04 Apache License Go Yes Yes
OpenStack[41] 2010-10-21 Apache License Python Yes Yes
OnApp 2010-07-01 Proprietary Java, Ruby, C++ Yes Yes
oVirt 2012-08-09 Apache License Java, Python ? Yes
Jelastic 2011-01-27 GPL License, Apache License, BSD License Java, JavaScript, Perl, Shell script Yes Yes

Supported hosts[edit]

Software Linux FreeBSD Windows Bare Metal
AppScale ? ? ?
Cloud Foundry Yes No Yes Yes / CloudStack Yes No Yes Yes
Eucalyptus Yes No No Yes[42]
Flexiant Limited No Yes No Yes
Nimbus Yes ? No No
OpenNebula Yes No ? No
OpenQRM Yes No No No
OpenShift Yes No No Yes
OpenStack Yes No Yes Yes
OnApp Yes No No Yes
oVirt Yes No No Yes

Supported guests[edit]

Software Linux Windows VMware Xen KVM VirtualBox Docker Other
fluid Operations Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
AppScale ? ? Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Cloud Foundry Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes / CloudStack Yes Yes[43] Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Eucalyptus Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? ? Any guest OS supported by Xen, KVM, or VMWare
Flexiant Limited Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? FreeBSD
Nimbus Yes ? ? Yes Yes ? ?
OpenNebula Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Any guest OS supported by Xen, KVM, or VMWare
OpenQRM Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
OpenShift Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
OpenStack Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
OnApp Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ? JumpBox, FreeBSD
oVirt Yes Yes No No Yes No ?
Jelastic ? ? ? ? ? ? Yes Parallels Virtuozzo Containers

PaaS (Platform as a service)[edit]


Provider Launched SaaS
Appian 1999
Cloud Foundry 2011
CloudBees 2010 Java, JRails and Grails, Jenkins
Computer Sciences Corporation
Engine Yard 2006
Heroku 2008 Ruby, Java, Node.js, Scala, Clojure, Python, PHP, and Go.
Oracle Cloud Platform 2014
PythonAnywhere 2012 Python
Salesforce App Cloud

Providers on IaaS[edit]

PaaS providers which can run on IaaS providers ("itself" means the provider is both PaaS and IaaS):

Software Amazon EC2 Rackspace GoGrid Mail.Ru (MCS) Other
AppScale Yes ? ? ?
Cloud Foundry Yes Yes ? ? ? ? ? ? itself
Eucalyptus ? ? ? ? itself
Flexiant Limited ? ? ? ? Itself
fluid Operations ? ? ? ?
Nimbus ? ? ? ? itself
OnApp ? ? ? ? itself
OpenNebula ? ? ? ? itself
OpenQRM ? ? ? ? itself
OpenShift Yes ? ? ? Safe Swiss Cloud[44]
OpenStack Yes Yes Yes Yes Safe Swiss Cloud[45]


  1. ^ SMTP at Google compute
  2. ^ Security, Privacy, and Cloud Compliance | Google Cloud
  3. ^ Global Locations - Regions & Zones | Google Cloud
  4. ^ "Sending email from an instance | Compute Engine Documentation".
  5. ^ Cloud Security Services
  6. ^ Restriction on port 25 at AWS
  7. ^ AWS Cloud Security
  8. ^ Amazon bugs at Ubuntu
  9. ^ SMTP at IBM
  10. ^ Security for IBM Cloud
  11. ^ SMTP at Azure
  12. ^ Microsoft called out for ‘blatantly negligent’ cybersecurity practices
  13. ^ US senator blasts Microsoft for “negligent cybersecurity practices”
  14. ^ Azure bugs at Ubuntu
  15. ^ Website Security - Protect Your Site with GoDaddy
  16. ^ Cloud Security & Cybersecurity Solution
  17. ^ Clabaugh, Jeff (2016-10-06). "French firm to open 1st US data center in Fauquier Co". WTOP. Archived from the original on 2019-10-16. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  18. ^ "Failover IP - Networking & Security | OVHcloud". OVH. 2019-11-26. Archived from the original on 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  19. ^ "Getting started with an MX Plan solution | OVH Guides". OVH. 2019-11-26. Archived from the original on 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  20. ^ Network security and application protection | OVHcloud
  21. ^ "About OVH - Data Centers | OVHcloud". OVH. 2019-11-26. Archived from the original on 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  22. ^ PCI Security Services
  23. ^ "How to deal with private and flexible IPs addresses". Scaleway. 2020-04-15.
  24. ^ SMTP at Scaleway
  25. ^ Our certifications & security
  26. ^ Cloud Security
  27. ^ Security
  28. ^ safeswisscloud at Internet Archive
  29. ^ IT Security
  30. ^ DigitalOcean launches block storage and lets you store terabytes of data at techcrunch
  31. ^ DigitalOcean's security pillars
  32. ^ SMTP policy at digitalocean
  33. ^ "Network Tools: DNS,IP,Email".
  34. ^ Urquhart, James (June 22, 2009). "The new generation of cloud-development platforms." CNET News. Accessed November 2011.
  35. ^ Harris, Derrick Harris (October 22, 2010). "Microsoft Joins OpenStack to Add Hyper-V Support." Archived 2021-08-03 at the Wayback Machine Accessed November 2011.
  36. ^ Prickett Timothy M. (May 10, 2011). "Ubuntu eats OpenStack for clouds - Eucalyptus leaves." The Register. Accessed November 2011.
  37. ^ "Vendor Landscape: Cloud Management". Info-Tech Research Group. October 24, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  38. ^ European Commission Expert Group Report (January 26, 2010). "The Future of Cloud Computing"
  39. ^ " OpenQRM Enterprise Architecture (February 24, 2010)
  40. ^ Schabell, Eric (December 2012). OpenShift Primer. Developer.Press.
  41. ^ Pepple, Ken (August 2011). Deploying OpenStack. O'Reilly Media. ISBN 978-1-4493-1105-6.
  42. ^ Poul Weiss " install instruction for node cluster." Youtube Video. 12 October 2012.
  43. ^ "Apache CloudStack Features - Wide Range Guest VM OS Support". Archived from the original on 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
  44. ^ Kubernetes Cloud at
  45. ^ Open Cloud at