Cloud Nine (George Harrison album)
|Studio album by George Harrison|
|Released||2 November 1987 (UK)
3 November 1987 (US)
|Recorded||5 January–August 1987|
|George Harrison chronology|
|Singles from Cloud Nine|
Cloud Nine is the eleventh studio album by English musician George Harrison. The album was recorded and released in 1987 after Harrison had taken a five-year hiatus from his career as a solo artist. The hit single "Got My Mind Set on You" from this album re-established Harrison as a critically acclaimed and commercially significant recording artist. Cloud Nine was the last studio solo album released during Harrison's lifetime.
Background and recording
Frustrated with the changing musical climate, George Harrison suspended his recording career in the early 1980s. Instead of recording, he opted to pursue other interests, including film production with his own company, Handmade Films. The odd soundtrack or charity song would surface during this period, but otherwise, it was a musically silent period for Harrison.
By late 1986, after a substantial break, Harrison felt the desire to make music again. He asked former Electric Light Orchestra leader and fellow musician Jeff Lynne to co-produce a new album with him. After writing a round of new compositions (including the songs already contributed to the 1986 film Shanghai Surprise), Harrison entered his home studio Friar Park in Henley-on-Thames on 5 January 1987 to begin recording his first new commercial album in five years. Having recorded the backing tracks for seventeen songs between January and March, he completed the album's overdubs in August 1987.
Besides Harrison and Lynne, other artists involved in the sessions included Jim Keltner and Ringo Starr on drums, Eric Clapton on guitar and both Gary Wright and Elton John on piano. (John was recovering from his vocal surgery at the time.) With new-found enthusiasm, Harrison actively promoted the album, even appearing with Starr at the Prince's Trust Concert that June to perform "While My Guitar Gently Weeps".
The cover features Harrison's first American-made guitar, a 1957 Gretsch 6128 that he purchased in Liverpool in 1961. Harrison called it his "old black Gretsch". Harrison gave the guitar to his longtime friend, Klaus Voormann who kept it for 20 years. The guitar had been left in Los Angeles and had been modified. Harrison asked for the return of the guitar, had it restored and used it for the cover shoot.
Release and aftermath
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|Los Angeles Times|||
Harrison's cover of Rudy Clark's little-known song "Got My Mind Set on You" quickly reached number 1 in the United States and number 2 in the United Kingdom. It was a surprising hit for the former Beatle, who had not enjoyed a mainstream number 1 hit in nearly 15 years. A few weeks later, Cloud Nine was released to high anticipation and a favourable critical reception.
The album went to number 10 in the UK; it also achieved number 8 and platinum status in the US. The success of the single "Got My Mind Set on You" and its accompanying video re-introduced Harrison to the mainstream. The Beatles tribute song "When We Was Fab" proved a successful follow-up single, reaching the top 25 in both the UK and US. The next single, "This Is Love", was a minor hit in the UK.
While the success of Cloud Nine was not enough to spur Harrison into a tour, it inspired him to continue making music. In the spring of 1988, along with Lynne, he would call up friends Bob Dylan, Tom Petty and Roy Orbison and begin recording a project ultimately released as the Traveling Wilburys.
In 2004, Cloud Nine was remastered and reissued both separately and as part of the deluxe box set The Dark Horse Years 1976-1992 on Dark Horse Records with new distribution by EMI. The reissue included the bonus tracks "Shanghai Surprise" and "Zig Zag" (the latter also released as the B-side to "When We Was Fab") from the film Shanghai Surprise.
The album has consistently been praised by rock critics. Writing in Rolling Stone magazine, David Wild described it as "an expertly crafted, endlessly infectious record that constitutes Harrison's best album since 1970's inspired All Things Must Pass". Wild also acknowledged Lynne's input as co-producer and praised "When We Was Fab", "Cloud 9", "That's What It Takes" and "Wreck of the Hesperus" as "sublime pop". In The New York Times, Stephen Holden noted the release as "crucial" to Harrison's career, adding: "A pleasingly tuneful album, its sound is deliberately quaint, as it explicitly evokes the Beatles' more romantic psychedelic music of the late 1960's." Although he regretted the inclusion of ballads such as "Breath Away from Heaven", Bill Holdship wrote in Creem that "a good album's a good album, and Cloud Nine is plenty good … it's the best record from a former Beatle in at least seven years."
Less impressed, Daniel Brogan of the Chicago Tribune opined: "Cloud Nine plods hopelessly. Most of the blame must fall on Harrison, though producer Jeff Lynne's influence is far too prevalent ... The album is occasionally redeemed by the deft guitar interplay between Harrison and Eric Clapton, as well as the perky single 'Got My Mind Set on You.'" In a five-star review for the Houston Chronicle, J.D. Considine wrote: "Forget the 'former Beatle' stuff – this album would be worth snapping up even if Harrison were some unknown from Encino." After remarking on Harrison's "stellar" cast of backing musicians, Considine added: "But as much as the playing enlivens the material, as with the dark, bluesy guitar riffs that open the title tune, it's the writing that deserves credit for this album's luster."
In a 2001 review, AllMusic editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine also gave the album five stars. He wrote that, with Lynne's help and "the focus on … snappy pop-rock numbers", Harrison "crafted a remarkably consistent and polished comeback effort with Cloud Nine", which Erlewine considered "one of his very best albums". In his 2002 posthumous appraisal of Harrison's solo career, for Goldmine magazine, Dave Thompson described the album as "littered with highlights", of which "This Is Love" was "a jewel" and "When We Was Fab" benefited from Lynne "wringing every last Beatle-esque effect out of his box of sonic tricks".
Among reviews of the 2004 reissue, Uncut described Cloud Nine as "endowed with undeniable charm" and Rolling Stone deemed it to be a "late-career masterwork" from Harrison. Writing for Mojo in 2011, John Harris found the production dated but praised the quality of the songs, including the "splendidly gonzo version" of "Got My Mind Set on You" and the "irresistible" "When We Was Fab", and considered Cloud Nine a "deserved global hit".
All songs by George Harrison, except where noted.
- Side one
- "Cloud 9" – 3:15
- "That's What It Takes" (Harrison, Jeff Lynne, Gary Wright) – 3:59
- "Fish on the Sand" – 3:22
- "Just for Today" – 4:06
- "This Is Love" (Harrison, Lynne) – 3:48
- "When We Was Fab" (Harrison, Lynne) – 3:57
- Side two
- "Devil's Radio" – 3:52
- "Someplace Else" – 3:51
- "Wreck of the Hesperus" – 3:31
- "Breath Away from Heaven" – 3:36
- "Got My Mind Set on You" (Rudy Clark) – 3:52
- Bonus tracks
- "Shanghai Surprise" – 5:09
- Duet with Vicki Brown
- "Zig Zag" (Harrison, Lynne) – 2:45
- B-side to "When We Was Fab" single
- iTunes Store bonus track
- "Got My Mind Set on You (Extended Version)" (Clark) – 5:17
- Originally from "Got My Mind Set on You" single
The following personnel were credited in the liner notes.
- George Harrison – lead vocals, acoustic and electric guitars, keyboards, sitar, backing vocals
- Jeff Lynne – acoustic, electric and bass guitars, keyboards, backing vocals
- Eric Clapton – electric guitar on "Cloud 9", "That's What It Takes", "Devil's Radio" and "Wreck of the Hesperus"
- Elton John – piano on "Cloud 9", "Devil's Radio" and "Wreck of the Hesperus"
- Gary Wright – piano on "Just For Today" and "When We Was Fab"
- Jim Horn – baritone and tenor sax on "Cloud 9" and "Got My Mind Set On You"
- Ringo Starr – drums
- Jim Keltner – drums
- Ray Cooper – drums, percussion
- Bobby Kok – cello
- Vicki Brown – lead vocals on "Shanghai Surprise"
Certifications and sales
- Chip Madinger & Mark Easter, Eight Arms to Hold You: The Solo Beatles Compendium, 44.1 Productions (Chesterfield, MO, 2000; ISBN 0-615-11724-4), p. 469.
- harrison3, retrieved 21 June 2014
- Vladimir Bogdanov, Chris Woodstra & Stephen Thomas Erlewine (eds), All Music Guide: The Definitive Guide to Popular Music (4th edn), Backbeat Books (San Francisco, CA, 2001; ISBN 0-87930-627-0), p. 182.
- Robert Christgau, "George Harrison > Consumer Guide Reviews", robertchristgau.com (retrieved 10 November 2014).
- Graham Reid, "George Harrison (2011): Ten years after, a dark horse reconsidered" > "Cloud Nine", Elsewhere, 22 November 2011 (retrieved 14 August 2014).
- Colin Larkin, The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th edn), Volume 4, Oxford University Press (New York, NY, 2006; ISBN 0-19-531373-9), p. 158.
- Considine, J.D. (6 December 1987). "Records". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Hochman, Steve (1 November 1987). "Beatle Emeritus". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- John Harris, "Beware of Darkness", Mojo, November 2011, p. 83.
- Gary Graff & Daniel Durchholz (eds), MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide, Visible Ink Press (Farmington Hills, MI, 1999; ISBN 1-57859-061-2), p. 529.
- "George Harrison – Cloud Nine CD Album" > Product description. CD Universe/Muze. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- Kit Aiken, "All Those Years Ago: George Harrison The Dark Horse Years 1976–1992", Uncut, April 2004, p. 118.
- Wild, David (3 December 1987). "George Harrison Cloud Nine". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011.
- Holden, Stephen (8 November 1987). "POP VIEW; Rock Grows Up, Gracefully And Otherwise". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- Holdship, Bill (March 1988). "George Harrison: Cloud Nine". Creem. Available at Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- Brogan, Daniel (20 November 1987). "A More Down-to-earth Approach For Earth, Wind And Fire". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- Dave Thompson, "The Music of George Harrison: An album-by-album guide", Goldmine, 25 January 2002, p. 53.
- Cloud Nine (CD booklet). George Harrison. Dark Horse Records. 2004. pp. 3, 7.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "austriancharts.at George Harrison - Cloud Nine" (ASP). Hung Medien (in German). Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Library and Archives Canada". Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "dutchcharts.nl George Harrison - Cloud Nine" (ASP). Hung Medien. MegaCharts. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "Album Search: George Harrison" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "Hit Parade Italia - Gli album più venduti del 1988" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
- "- Yamachan Land (Archives of the Japanese record charts) - Albums Chart Daijiten - The Beatles" (in Japanese). 30 December 2007. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "charts.org.nz George Harrison - Cloud Nine" (ASP). Hung Medien. Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- "norwegiancharts.com George Harrison - Cloud Nine" (ASP). Hung Medien. VG-lista. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- "swedishcharts.com George Harrison - Cloud Nine" (ASP) (in Swedish). Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- "George Harrison - Cloud Nine - hitparade.ch" (ASP). Hung Medien (in German). Swiss Music Charts. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- "Chart Stats - George Harrison - Cloud Nine" (PHP). UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- Allmusic - George Harrison > Cloud Nine > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums
- ジョージ・ハリスン-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック "Highest position and charting weeks of Cloud Nine (reissue) by George Harrison" Check
|url=value (help). oricon.co.jp (in Japanese). Oricon Style. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "Top 100 Albums of '87". RPM. 26 December 1987. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Complete UK Year-End Album Charts". Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "日本で売れた洋楽アルバムトップ23 (Top-23 international albums on the Japanese Oricon Year-End Charts 1980". Archived from the original on 2011-08-29. Retrieved 21 October 2007.
- "Billboard.BIZ". billboard.biz. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
- "British album certifications – George Harrison – Cloud Nine". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Cloud Nine in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Gold in the field By Award. Click Search
- "American album certifications – George Harrison – Cloud Nine". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH