|Related||Slippery hitch, Two half-hitches, Buntline hitch, Cow hitch, Constrictor knot, Ground-line hitch, Lashings, Snuggle hitch|
|Typical use||Securing lines running along a series of posts, belaying, starting lashings, weak binding|
|Caveat||Can spill if the standing part is pulled forcibly in the wrong direction|
|ABoK||#11, #53, #69, #70, #204, #400, #421, #437, #1176, #1177, #1178, #1179, #1180, #1245, #1773, #1774, #1775, #1776, #1778, #1779, #1814, #2079, #2541, #2542, #2543, #2544, #2546, #2547, #2548|
The clove hitch is a type of knot. Along with the bowline and the sheet bend, it is often considered one of the most important knots and is commonly referred to as a Double Hitch. A clove hitch is two successive half-hitches around an object. It is most effectively used as a crossing knot. It can be used as a binding knot, but is not particularly secure in that role. A clove hitch made around the rope's own standing part is known as either two half-hitches or buntline hitch, depending on whether the turns of the clove hitch progress away from or towards the hitched object.
Although the name clove hitch is given by Falconer in his Dictionary of 1769, the knot is much older, having been tied in ratlines at least as early as the first quarter of the sixteenth century. This is shown in early sculpture and paintings. A round turn is taken with the ratline and then a hitch is added below. The forward end is always the first to be made fast.
The difference between two half hitches and the clove hitch is that the former, after a single turn around a spar, is made fast around its own standing part, while the latter is tied directly around the spar.— The Ashley Book of Knots
This knot is particularly useful where the length of the running end needs to be adjustable, since feeding in rope from either direction will loosen the knot to be tightened at a new position. With certain types of cord, the clove hitch can slip when loaded. In modern climbing rope, the clove hitch will slip to a point, and then stop slipping. With smaller diameter cords, after being heavily weighted it may become difficult to untie. It is also unreliable when used on a square or rectangular post, rather than round.
The clove hitch is tied by first passing the running end of the rope around the spar and back over itself to form an X. The running end then passes around the spar again, under the intersection of the last two turns, and both ends are pulled tight. There are several methods of tying it using both hands or one hand. 
- Cassidy 1985, The Klutz Book of Knots
- Clifford W. Ashley, The Ashley Book of Knots (New York: Doubleday, 1944), 224.
- Ashley, Clifford W. (1944). The Ashley Book of Knots, p.214. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-04025-3.
- Ashley, Clifford W. (1944). The Ashley Book of Knots, p.295. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-04025-3.
- "GEIR HUNDAL".
- "Lashing INFORMATION". www.scoutpioneering.com. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_jjwTSIAmoQ on the working end method
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=scL1QXMrB4s with half hitches over object end
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3ERr3eIros on the bight arms crossed in one move
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FaAflrFPJY on the bight with two loops, front one moved back
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I8qSoIY6FPc one handed clove hitch on the bight, pinky and thumb
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u0SHTNLjsRI one handed clove hitch on the bight both ends hanging
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Hlzb1ROOlM one handed clove hitch on the bight to vertical rope
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a58xEj9EG4c one handed clove hitch on the bight into carabiner
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