Clover Club Cocktail
|IBA official cocktail|
A Clover Club Cocktail made with Gin, Lemon Juice, and Grenadine.
|Primary alcohol by volume|
|Served||Straight up; without ice|
|Standard drinkware||Cocktail glass|
|Preparation||Dry shake ingredients to emulsify, add ice, shake and served straight up.|
|Clover Club Cocktail recipe at International Bartenders Association|
The Clover Club Cocktail is a cocktail consisting of Gin, Lemon Juice, Raspberry Syrup, and an egg white. The egg white is not added for the purpose of giving the drink flavor, but rather acts as an emulsifier. Thus when the drink is shaken a characteristic foamy head is formed.
History and character
The Clover Club Cocktail is a drink that pre-dates Prohibition in the United States, and is named for the Philadelphia men's club of the same name, which met in the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel on South Broad Street. The Clover Club itself dates to 1896, as seen in the 1897 book, The Clover Club of Philadelphia, page 172 by Mary R. Deacon. Brooklyn's Clover Club restaurant claims that the Philadelphia men's club dates to 1882 and lasted until "the 1920s."
Published recipes for the Clover Club drink appear as early as 1917:
The Ideal Bartender (1917) by Thomas Bullock, page 27: "Fill large Bar glass full Fine Ice. 2 pony Raspberry Syrup. 2 jigger Dry Gin. 1 jigger French Vermouth. White of 1 Egg. Shake well; strain into Cocktail glass and serve."
Mrs. Norton's Cook-book: Selecting, Cooking, and Serving for the Home Table (1917) by Jeanette Young Norton, page 512: "Clover Club: The juice of half a lemon, a sixth jigger of grenadine, one jigger of gin, French vermouth."
Robert Hess claims "It has a long history dating back to at least 1910, and was enjoyed by the captains of industry who were members of the famous club." In its heyday, the drink was described by Jack Townsend as being enjoyed by the pre-prohibition gentleman who would have fit in with those of the club, and was a "Distinguished patron of the oak-paneled lounge." However, by the time that Townsend was writing about the drink it was becoming unpopular, and was eventually all but forgotten. The drink seems to have been forgotten partly due to the use of raw egg in the cocktail, which many people shy away from, and partly due to the complexity of its preparation (see below). Despite the use of what some may consider to be strange ingredients the cocktail is enjoyable, and has been described as tart with the added syrup giving the drink complexity, and the egg white providing body as well as a foamy head.
Preparation and variations
The drink can be a complex one to make due to the extra steps involved to get the head of foam on top of the drink. Several sources recommend that the drink be "dry shaken" (shaken without ice) with one source suggesting this be done for at least a minute. At this point Ice should be added to the shaker to chill and dilute the drink. As of December 2014, Brooklyn's Clover Club restaurant used a traditional recipe of gin, dry vermouth, lemon, raspberry and egg white.
- Clover Club Restaurant, New York: History Archived 2014-12-11 at the Wayback Machine.
- Robert Hess, The Spirit World, "Clover Club Cocktail" April 2007.(http://thespiritworld.net/2007/04/09/the-clover-club-cocktail/)
- Paystyle, Unimart, "Happy Hour: Clover Club Cocktail (The Remixes)" April 2009.(http://www.umamimart.com/2009/04/happy-hour-clover-club-cocktail-the-remixes/)
- Paul Clarke, The Cocktail Chronicles, "A Change in Fortune." March 2006.(http://www.cocktailchronicles.com/2006/03/22/a-change-in-fortune/)
- A Grandiose Blog: Cocktails, Gadgets & More, "The Clover Club Cocktail Recipe Blog Love Mixology Mondays XVII" July 2007.(http://www.agrandioseblog.com/drink/mixology-mondays-xvii-blog-love-the-clover-club)
- Underhill-Lounge, "Clover Club Cocktail" July 2008.("Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2009-11-27.)
- Clover Club Restaurant, New York: Cocktails Archived 2014-12-27 at the Wayback Machine.