Clovis Hugues

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Clovis Hugues

Clovis Hugues (November 3, 1851 – June 11, 1907) was a French poet, journalist, dramatist, novelist, and socialist activist. He wrote some of his works in Provençal and was the majoral of Félibrige.


Born in Ménerbes (Vaucluse) to the family of a miller, he studied for the priesthood in Carpentras, but did not take orders. For some articles favorable to the Paris Commune, published in the local papers of Marseille, he was condemned in 1871 to three years' imprisonment and a fine of 6,000 francs. In 1877 he fought a duel in which he killed his adversary, a rival journalist.

Elected deputy by Marseille in the general elections of 1881, he was at that time the sole representative of the French Workers' Party in the chambers. He was re-elected in 1885, and in 1893 became one of the deputies for Paris, retaining his seat until 1906. He died in Paris.

His poems, novels and comedies are full of wit and exuberant vitality.



  • Poèmes de prison (1875), written during his detention
  • Soirs de bataille (1883)
  • Jours de combat (1883)
  • Le Travail (1889)


  • Madame Phaëton (1885)
  • Monsieur le gendarme (1891)


  • Une Étoile (1888)
  • Le sommeil de Danton (1888)


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hugues, Clovis". Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 869. 
  • Jean-Claude Izzo, Clovis Hugues, un rouge du Midi, Éditions Jeanne Laffitte, 1978, 2001.
  • Gustave Kahn, Clovis Hugues, H. Fabre, Paris, 1910.

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