Club Atlético River Plate

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River Plate
RIVERNORMAL.png
Full name Club Atlético River Plate
Nickname(s) Los Millonarios (The Millionaires)
La Banda (The Strip)
El Campeón del Siglo XX (The Champions of the 20th Century)[1]
Founded 25 May 1901; 114 years ago (1901-05-25)
Ground Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti,
Belgrano, Buenos Aires
Ground Capacity 66,145[2]
President Rodolfo D'Onofrio
Manager Marcelo Gallardo
League Primera División
2014 Transición 2nd
Website Club home page
Current season
Active departments of
C.A. River Plate [3]
Athletics pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg Basque pelota pictogram.svg Lawn bowls pictogram.svg
Athletics Basketball Basque pelota Bowls
Basketball pictogram.svg Chess pictogram.svg Field hockey pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg
Cestoball Chess Field hockey Football
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Roller hockey pictogram.svg Speed skating pictogram.svg Swimming pictogram.svg
Gymnastics Roller hockey Roller skating swimming
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Tennis pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Water polo pictogram.svg
Taekwondo Tennis Volleyball Waterpolo

Club Atlético River Plate is an Argentine sports club based in the Nuñez neighborhood of Buenos Aires, and named after the city's estuary, Río de la Plata. Although many sports are practiced at the club, River is best known for its professional football team, which has won many of the most important tournaments in the world, including Copa Libertadores, and Intercontinental Cup.

River Plate has won Argentina's Primera División championship a record 36 times,[4][5][6] the latest being the 2014 Final. Domestic titles also include eight National cups, with the 2014 Copa Campeonato as the most recent.[7]

River Plate has also won 15 international titles,[8] nine recognised by FIFA[9] and CONMEBOL[10] that includes three Copa Libertadores, one Intercontinental Cup, one Supercopa Sudamericana, one Copa Sudamericana, one Recopa Sudamericana, one Copa Interamericana and one Suruga Bank Championship.[11] Furthermore, the club has also won six tournaments organized by AFA and AUF together: five Copa Dr. Ricardo Aldao,[12] and one Tie Cup.[13]

In addition, River Plate's reserve team won the U-20 Copa Libertadores in 2012.

River Plate was the first and until now only team to simultaneously hold CONMEBOL's four current major international competitions,[14][15] after winning the 2014 Copa Sudamericana, 2015 Recopa Sudamericana, the 2015 Copa Libertadores,[16] and the 2015 Suruga Bank Championship.[14]

In 2000, River Plate was named by FIFA as the 9th club of the century and it was the best Argentine football club in that ranking.[17] In 2010, the International Federation of Football History and Statistics placed River Plate in the 9th place in a ranking that included the best teams of the world during the 1990 and 2000 decades. River was the South American club with the best position in the table.[18]

The club was officially founded in 1901 and took its name from the common English name for the Río de la Plata. River has a fierce rivalry with Boca Juniors. Matches between them are known as Superclásico, and the two teams' rivalry is amongst the most heated in the sport, due to their local and global popularity. River's home stadium is Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti, known simply as El Monumental, which is the largest stadium in the country.

Apart from football, the club hosts a large variety of sports such as athletics, basque pelota, bowls, chess, basketball, cestoball, gymnastics, field hockey, karate, roller hockey, roller skating, swimming, taekwondo, tennis, volleyball and waterpolo.[19]

History[edit]

The team that achieved the promotion to first division in 1908.

River Plate was founded on 25 May 1901, close to the La Boca neighborhood (later the home of fierce rivals Boca Juniors). The institution was formed after the merge of two clubs, "Santa Rosa" and "La Rosales", with elected Leopoldo Bard being elected as its first president. The name was chosen because of an incident during the construction of Buenos Aires Port: one of the members had seen how the workers of Dique nº 3 left their duties for a while to play a football match. The boxes they were working with just said "The River Plate" (the name the English gave to the Río de la Plata) and that 'enigmatic' inscription was taken to name the new club.

River Plate affiliated to Argentine Football Association in 1905, debuting in the third division against Facultad de Medicina. On 13 December 1908, the team was promoted to first division after beating Racing Club 2–1. However, the match was declared null due to River supporters jumping onto the field to celebrate with the players, so a new match had to be played. River won again (7–0), achieving its promotion.

In 1914 River won its first domestic championship, the Copa de Competencia Jockey Club[20] and its first international title, the Tie Cup. The nickname Los Millonarios came after the acquisition of wing Carlos Peucelle in 1931 for $10,000 and Bernabé Ferreyra for $35,000 (huge amounts of money in those years) in 1932.

During the succeeding years, River Plate consolidated as one of the most popular teams of Argentina.

Uniform[edit]

Evolution[edit]

1901–05
1905–09
1909–32 (1)
1932–present

Rare kits[edit]

(2)
1980 away (3)
1985 away (4)
(5)

(1) This jersey, worn as the home kit until 1932,[21] has remained (with few exceptions) as the away kit.
(2) Worn only in four matches in club's history: 1969 (vs. Deportivo Morón), 1971 (vs. Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata), 1975 (vs. Banfield) and 2008 (vs. Huracán).[22]
(3) Host club Barcelona loaned River Plate its away jerseys to play the 1980 Joan Gamper Trophy match against PSV Eindhoven that wore white shirts.[23]
(4) Worn just once in 1985.
(5) Worn in the 1999-00, 2002–03 and 2009–10 seasons, being the first time River wore a black jersey.

Sponsors and manufacturers[edit]

Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsors
1979–80 Sportlandia none
1981–82 Olimpia
1982–85 Adidas
1985–89 Fate O
1989–91 Peugeot
1991–92 Carta Credencial
1992–95 Sanyo
1996-02 Quilmes
2002–06 Budweiser
2006–08 Petrobras
2009–10 Petrobras and Pokerstars.net
2010–12 Petrobras and Tramontina
2012–2013 BBVA and Tramontina
2013– BBVA and Netshoes

Rivalry[edit]

Main article: Superclásico

River Plate and Boca Juniors are the two largest football clubs in Argentina, with more than half the country's football fans supporting the clubs. Due to the rivalry between them, the Boca Juniors vs River Plate Superclásico local derby match was listed by the BBC as one of the most famous derbies in the world.[24] It was also acclaimed as number one of the Fifty sporting things you must do before you die by The Observer newspaper.[25]

Club nicknames[edit]

See also: La Maquina
Sun screen at a sports betting house in Belgrade, Serbia, bearing a picture of River Plate players

The "River Plate" name was chosen in 1901, when the team was still located at the La Boca neighbourhood, next to the Río de la Plata ("River Plate" in some English sources). Proposed names as "Club Atlético Forward", "Juventud Boquense" or "La Rosales" had been rejected. Pedro Martínez saw the name "The River Plate" written at ship containers, and proposed it as a name, which was finally accepted as the official name.[26]

River fans and the press are fond of the nickname Los Millonarios. This name derives from the 1930s after some expensive transfers of players from other clubs, including Carlos Peucelle from Sportivo Buenos Aires in 1931 and Bernabé Ferreyra from Tigre in 1932. Between 1979 and 1981, the River squad was reputed to be amongst the most expensive in the world.

The Lion emblem used between 1984–89

When Hugo Santilli become chairman in 1984, he soon called to a competition where a new emblem would be chosen. The main objective of this new image was to eradicate the nickname Gallinas (Chicken) that River's rivals (Boca Juniors fans mainly) used to mock them. Some of the most important artists from Argentina took part in that competition so the club finally chose a logo designed by the famous artist Caloi. This emblem showed the figure of a lion (wearing a River jersey) raising from the Monumental stadium. The lion logo was immediately added to the uniforms (on the field and training clothes) having River Plate won the Copa Libertadores and Intercontinental Cup using the lion logo. In 1989, when Santilli left the club so the lion went with him and has not been reestablished since.[27]

Due to the red band in their shirt, it is also common to refer to River as El Equipo de la Banda (the team with the band) or simply La Banda (which also means "the band" -both as in "gang" and "musical group"). Some famous River teams earned nicknames, notably La Máquina (the machine), the team that astonished Argentine football between 1941 and 1945.

In 1996 and 1997, during a run of title wins (three Argentine titles, one Copa Libertadores and one Supercopa), River were sometimes called La Maquinita ("The Little Machine") by the press[who?]. That team featured Francescoli and younger players such as Juan Pablo Sorín, Hernán Crespo, Ariel Ortega, Marcelo Salas and Marcelo Gallardo.

Stadiums[edit]

The stadium built by River Plate in La Boca. The club played its home games there from 1915 to 1923.

The Estadio Antonio Liberti (nicknamed El Monumental) placed in Belgrano neighborhood of Buenos Aires is River Plate's stadium. With a capacity of 65,645, it was inaugurated on 25 May 1938. The Argentina national football team usually plays its home games at the stadium.

Since its establishment in 1901, River Plate stadiums has been:[28]

  • Dársena Sur (1901–05, 1907–15): Placed on the corner of Wenceslao Villafañe and Caboto streets of La Boca. The club returned in 1907 from Sarandí.
  • Sarandí (1906–07): The club moved to that district in Greater Buenos Aires, near to railway station.
  • La Boca (1915–23): River built a stadium on the corner of Pinzón and Gaboto streets in La Boca.
  • Alvear y Tagle (1923–37): in the Recoleta district of Buenos Aires. The lands where the stadium was built had been owned by Juan Manuel de Rosas.
  • Antonio Liberti (Monumental) (1938–present): Built on the same lands where the Bajo Belgrano Horse racing track had existed years ago.

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

Current squad of Club Atlético River Plate as of September 1, 2015 (edit)
Sources: Official website and Argentine Soccer

No. Position Player
1  ARG GK Marcelo Barovero
2  ARG DF Jonathan Maidana
3  COL DF Éder Álvarez Balanta
4  ARG MF Guido Rodríguez
5  ARG MF Matías Kranevitter
7  URU FW Rodrigo Mora
8  URU MF Carlos Sánchez
10  ARG MF Gonzalo Martínez
11  ARG FW Javier Saviola
13  ARG FW Lucas Alario
14  ARG MF Augusto Solari
15  ARG FW Leonardo Pisculichi
17  ARG DF Pablo Carreras
18  URU MF Camilo Mayada
19  URU FW Tabaré Viúdez
21  ARG DF Leonel Vangioni
22  ARG MF Nicolás Bertolo
No. Position Player
23  ARG MF Leonardo Ponzio
24  ARG DF Emanuel Mammana
25  ARG DF Gabriel Mercado
26  ARG MF Lucas Martínez Quarta
27  ARG MF Luís González
28  ARG DF Leandro Vega
31  ARG FW Lucas Boyé
32  ARG FW Sebastián Driussi
33  ARG GK Julio Chiarini
36  ARG FW Franco López
37  ECU MF Abel Casquete Rodríguez
38  ARG MF Lautaro Arellano
39  ARG MF Nicolás Godoy
41  ARG GK Nicolás Francese
42  ARG GK Augusto Batalla
 ARG DF Milton Casco

Manager: Marcelo Gallardo

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
- Argentina GK Nicolás Rodríguez (at Temperley)
- Argentina DF Víctor Cabrera (at Montreal Impact)
- Argentina MF Emiliano Agüero (at Argentinos Juniors)
- Argentina FW Giovanni Simeone (at Banfield)
No. Position Player
- Argentina FW Federico Andrada (at Atlético de Rafaela)
- Argentina FW Juan Cruz Kaprof (at FC Metz)
- Argentina MF Tomás Martínez (at Tenerife)

Top goalscorers[edit]

La Máquina in 1941. From left: Muñoz, Moreno, Pedernera, Labruna, Loustau.
Pedernera and Peucelle covered on El Gráfico.
Rank. Player Position Tenure Goals Matches
1 Argentina Ángel Labruna FW 1939–59 317 515
2 Argentina Oscar Más FW 1964–73, 1974–77 217 382
3 Argentina Bernabé Ferreyra FW 1932–39 200 185
4 Argentina José Manuel Moreno FW 1935–44, 1946–48 184 320
5 Argentina Norberto Alonso MF 1970–1976; 1977–1981; 1984–1986 158 374
6 Argentina Adolfo Pedernera FW 1935–46 143 278
7 Uruguay Enzo Francescoli FW 1984–1986; 1994–1998 137 217
8 Argentina Carlos Peucelle FW 1931–41 118 307
9 Argentina Daniel Onega FW 1966–1971; 1973 117 207
10 Argentina Fernando Cavenaghi FW 2001–2004, 2011–2012; 2014–2015 112 211

Most appearances[edit]

Rank. Player Position Tenure Matches
1 Argentina Amadeo Carrizo GK 1945–68 520
2 Argentina Ángel Labruna FW 1939–59 515
3 Argentina Reinaldo Merlo MF 1969–84 500
4 Argentina Juan José López MF 1970–81 466
5 Argentina Norberto Yácono DF 1938–53 393
6 Argentina Oscar Más FW 1964–73, 1974–77 382
7 Argentina Norberto Alonso MF 1970–76, 1977–81 374
8 Argentina Félix Loustau FW 1942–57 367
9 Argentina Ubaldo Fillol GK 1974–83 361
10 Argentina Ricardo Vaghi DF 1935–49 323

Player gallery[edit]

Notable managers[edit]

The most successful all-time manager is Ramón Díaz, who won nine championships during his three tenures for River Plate (1995–2000, 2001–02 and 2012–14). The list of honours include six Primera División titles (1996 Apertura, 1997 Clausura, 1997 Apertura, 1999 Apertura, 2002 Clausura, 2014 Final), one Superfinal (2013–14),[a] one Copa Libertadores (1996) and one Supercopa Sudamericana (1997).

José María Minella was another notable manager with eight titles won with River Plate, seven Primera División championships (1945, 1947, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957) and one Copa Aldao (1947).

Ángel Labruna had an outstanding career not only as player (he is club's all-time topscorer with 293 goals in 515 matches played), but as coach for the club, having won six Primera División championships (Metropolitano 1975, Nacional 1975, Metropolitano 1977, Nacional 1979, Metropolitano 1979, and Metropolitano 1980).

Héctor Veira won the Copa Libertadores with River Plate, in 1986. That same year the team won the Intercontinental played in Tokyo. Under his coaching the club also won the 1985–86 Argentine championship, totalizing three titles with River Plate.

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

League[edit]

National cups[edit]

International[edit]

International youth[edit]

Friendly international[edit]

Unofficial trophy contested between Copa Sudamericana and UEFA Europa League winners.[39]

Other sports[edit]

The women's field hockey team is affiliated to the Buenos Aires Hockey Association (AHBA)[40] and currently playing in Torneo Metropolitano A, the top division of regional hockey in Argentina.

The basketball team currently plays in the amateur Buenos Aires league. It played 10 seasons in the Liga Nacional de Básquetbol between 1985–93 and 2004–06, reaching the finals in 1988 and obtaining 2nd place in 2004 and 2005 editions of Copa Argentina, but in July 2006 the club got expelled by the League because of a debt in player's salaries.

River Plate also has professional male and female handball and volleyball teams in regional and national competitions (including participation in the Pan American Men's Club Handball Championship).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The "Superfinal" is considered as a national cup by the Argentine Football Association.[29]
  2. ^ On 5 July 2013, The Argentine Football Association recognized the 1936 Copa de Oro won by River Plate as a Primera División honour. The information was also added to AFA's website.[31][32] The Copa de Oro was a final played between the champions of previous competitions held that same year: River Plate (Copa Campeonato) and San Lorenzo (Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires). River won the final match by 4–2.[33]
  3. ^ Organized by dissident association Liga Argentina de Football
  4. ^ Title shared ex aequo with Liga Cultural de Santiago del Estero.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "El campeón del siglo" on La Nación, 29 December 1999
  2. ^ Diario Uno
  3. ^ "Departamento Físico" on official website
  4. ^ Campeones – Primera División on AFA website, 6 Jul 2015
  5. ^ "Torneo Argentino de Primera División – Títulos por Equipo", SobreFutbol.com
  6. ^ "Todos los campeones del fútbol argentino" by Oscar Barnade, Clarín, 18 May 2014
  7. ^ "Campeones de Copas Nacionales" on AFA website
  8. ^ "Argentina's River Plate continues to add trophies". CONMEBOL. 16 August 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  9. ^ River Plate on FIFA.com
  10. ^ Las competiciones oficiales de la CONMEBOL on Conmebol website, 19 Ago 2015
  11. ^ "Suruga Bank, una Copa no oficial reconocida por Conmebol", Fox Deportes, 10 Aug 2015
  12. ^ Copa Ricardo Aldado at RSSSF
  13. ^ Tie Cup overview at RSSSF
  14. ^ a b Rocca, Santiago (12 August 2015). "Los títulos internacionales logrados por Gallardo como técnico de River" (in Spanish). TG News. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "El fenómeno River". Retrieved 2015-08-13. 
  16. ^ "Copa Libertadores 2015: River Plate triumph - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2015-08-07. 
  17. ^ "FIFA Club of the Century". RSSSF. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  18. ^ "El Barcelona es el mejor equipo de las últimas dos décadas", Marca newspaper, 21 January 2010
  19. ^ "Departamento Físico" on official website
  20. ^ Argentina – Copa de Competencia "Jockey Club" – 1914
  21. ^ "Hace 80 años, River volvía a usar la banda roja" by Federico López, 13 Mar 2012
  22. ^ "River Plate estrena camiseta violeta", Olé, May 2008
  23. ^ "River amarillo 1980", En una Baldosa, 5 September 2006
  24. ^ BBC Academy, famous football derbies
  25. ^ 50 sporting things you must do before you die
  26. ^ Historia- Decada 1900–1910 (Spanish)
  27. ^ River Plate: La Banda Roja y el León (Spanish)
  28. ^ "River, sus comienzos y sus estadios" by Gabriela Miño on La Nación, 7 Jul 2011
  29. ^ "La AFA homologó la Superfinal de River como una Copa Nacional", Cancha Llena.com, 28 May 2014
  30. ^ "Memoria y Balance 1936", p.36, AFA Library
  31. ^ "La AFA les reconoció otro título a San Lorenzo y a River", Clarín, 6 July 2013
  32. ^ "77 años después: San Lorenzo y River, campeones!", Crónica, 5 July 2013
  33. ^ Argentina 1936 at RSSSF
  34. ^ a b c d "Copas Nacionales" at AFA website
  35. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesa/arg-com32.html at RSSSF
  36. ^ 1952 Copa Ibarguren at RSSSF
  37. ^ a b Cantaro, Eduardo (11 December 2014). "La docena millonaria". Telam. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  38. ^ a b "River Plate, ensancha sus vitrinas para seguir sumando copas | Conmebol.com". www.conmebol.com. Retrieved 2015-08-16. 
  39. ^ "Presentaron oficialmente la Supercopa Euroamericana". Infobae. 10 March 2015. 
  40. ^ Guia de Clubes at AHBA website, 11 Oct 2014

External links[edit]