Club Necaxa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Necaxa" redirects here. For other uses, see Necaxa (disambiguation).
Necaxa
Club Necaxa 2.svg
Full name Impulsora del Deportivo Necaxa S.A. de C.V.
Nickname(s)
  • Los Rayos (The Bolts)
  • Los Electricistas (The Electricians)
  • Los Rojiblancos (The Red-and-Whites)
  • Los Once Hermanos (The Eleven Brothers)
  • El Equipo de la Década (The Team of the Decade)
Founded 21 August 1923; 92 years ago (1923-08-21)
Ground Estadio Victoria
Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, Mexico
Ground Capacity 24,050
Owner Ernesto Tinajero
Chairman Ernesto Tinajero
Manager Miguel de Jesús Fuentes
League Ascenso MX
Clausura 2015 5th (Semifinals)

Impulsora del Deportivo Necaxa S.A. de C.V. (pronounced: [ne.ˈkaks.a]); often simply known as Club Necaxa, is a Mexican football club based in the city of Aguascalientes. It plays in the Estadio Victoria. Necaxa is ranked seventh overall and first in ranking in Mexican football within the IFFHS After being relegated from the Primera División de México (now called Liga MX), the club began to play in the Ascenso MX, the second level of the Mexican football league pyramid. Necaxa is a non membership-based club, with more than 35,000 members outside Mexico.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Foundation (Light and Power Company, Luz y Fuerza) (1899–1920)[edit]

Necaxa was founded on 21 August 1923. It began when Englishman William H. Frasser, an engineer and owner of the Light and Power Company (Compañía de Luz y Fuerza ) in the state of Puebla, founded a football team. Frasser, as a student was a football player in the United Kingdom and was a strong advocate for the sport. Frasser consolidated the teams of the Light and Power Company and the Street Car operators Compañia de Luz y Fuerza and Tranvías into one.

Frasser supported the newly merged team with company revenue and funds. In addition, the Light and Power Company offered steady employment to players in an era where half of the players were playing at an amateur level.[1] However, the Mexican football federation did not allow teams to be named after private companies, so the team changed its name to Necaxa, after the river of the same name that was close to the electrical plant.

Historians assert that the colors and Necaxa's crest came from following the arrival of the Cornish community in Mexico,[2] the Cornish community flourished and stayed in Central Mexico until the Mexican Revolution in 1910. Although the Cornish community in Mexico broadly returned to Cornwall, they left a cultural legacy; Cornish pasties, Cornish mining museums,a Cornish Mexican Cultural Society and football, are part of the local heritage and tradition in and around Mineral del Monte.[3] In 1923, it was decided Necaxa team would field players regardless of race and nationality.

In that era, the team was called "Los Electricistas" (The Electricians). The team adopted the colors red and white as their team colors, earning them the nickname "Los roji-blancos". During this period, the oldest rivalry in Mexican football began to form, between Necaxa and Atlante.

On 14 September 1930, having already been a 2-time champion of the amateur Copa Eliminatoria, Necaxa inaugurated its stadium named Parque Necaxa, located on the banks of La Piedad River on land donated by the Frasser Family. The stadium had a maximum capacity for 15,000 fans, and was known for its clock tower displaying the team's emblem.

Necaxa, in the early days of Mexican Football were members of the Mexican League Amateur Football Association Liga Mexicana de Fútbol Amateur Association, composed of Atlante, Club España, Germania FV, and seasoned and disciplined team Asturias F.C.. Necaxa won championships during the 1932–33, 1934–35, 1936–37, 1937–38. seasons.[4]

The following season after the stadium's opening, players such as Hilario López and Luis Pérez contributed to the team's success, leading Necaxa to the League final against Atlante, losing 3–2.

But Necaxa would rebound the next season, smashing Atlante by a 9–0 score. The line-up Necaxa used on that day was the following:

Mexico

  • Mexico José Ruíz
  • Mexico Raul Chávez
  • Mexico Garfias
  • Mexico Conception Pérez
  • Mexico Marures
  • Mexico Luis "Pichojos" Pérez
  • Mexico Roberto Jardón
 

Foreign

During this decade, Necaxa became one of the most popular teams in Mexico. Under the direction of the Ernst Pauler, Necaxa, in one season of play (1935–36), the team dominated and won titles ranging from Champion of Champions, Champion of the Liga Mayor De La Ciudad, National Champion of League, National Champion and Central American Champions. Their last title was the Central American Championship in El Salvador.

1935 Caribbean games lineup

Mexico

  • Mexico Raúl Estrada
  • Mexico Alfonso Riestra
  • Mexico Antonio Azpiri
  • Mexico Lorenzo Camarena
  • Mexico Miguel Pizano
  • Mexico Guillermo "Perro" Ortega
  • Mexico Ignacio Avila
  • Mexico Felipe "Diente" Rosas
 
  • Mexico Vicente García
  • Mexico Tomás Lozano
  • Mexico Hilario López
  • Peru Julio Lores
  • Mexico Luis "Pichojos" Pérez
  • Mexico Luis García Cortina
  • England Alfred Crowle[5]

Paco Martinez de la Vega, an aficionado, would coin the surname for the very first time" Campeonismo" or "Championshipism" in which Necaxa's would later use to justify their achievements and titles.[1]

Late 1930s: Once Hermanos[edit]

Following the Mexican Revolution, the late 1930s represented Necaxa's most successful all-Mexican team. The Once Hermanos or "Eleven Brothers" period was coined in that era due to that team's ability to work as a team. The Necaxa team, in 1936, won the Copa México.

In that same year, a talented striker gained popularity within Necaxa's benches. Even though he was not one of the original "once hermano" or "eleventh brother" Horacio Casarìn, was a great player in the Mexican league national ranks. His success took him to the big screen in Mexican Cinema.[1]

Necaxa's "Once Hermanos" lineup

Mexico

  • Mexico Raúl "Pipiolo" Estrada
  • Mexico Pichojos Pérez
  • Mexico Toño Aspiri
  • Mexico Chamaco" García
  • Mexico Hilario López
  • Mexico Poeta Lozano
 

Mexico

  • Mexico Abuelo Camarena
  • Mexico Calavera Ávila
  • Mexico Marcial "Ranchero" Ortiz
  • Mexico Chino López
  • Mexico Ivan Vázquez Moralesa
  • Mexico Gerado "Day" Madriz

1940s brief hiatus[edit]

Necaxa disappears from competitive play within the Mexican League in 1943[6] altogether due to the professionalization of Mexican Football. It would be half a decade before the Necaxa emblem and uniform would be represented on the field again.[1]

1950-60s resurgence[edit]

Seven years later, Club Necaxa returns to play under the conditions of the commercialization of the Mexican league. Under the new ownership of the Union of Electricians and Juan Jose Rivas Rojas, Club Necaxa played their first game on 25 September 1950 in the old district of Oblatos, in a stadium called Parque Oblatos or "Oblatos Stadium" otherwise called the Municipal Stadium of Felipe Martinez Sandoval in Guadalajara, Mexico. This park inaugurated Necaxa's comeback to football. In the fifties, Necaxa were tenants and played in the Federal District of Mexico City in present day Estadio Azul (1950–1955).

In the late sixties, Necaxa played football in Estadio Azteca in Mexico City. A modern lighting system in Estadio Azetca was inaugurated on 5 June 1966 with the first night game between Valencia C.F. and Necaxa. The first goal of the game was scored by Honduran José Cardona. In this game Roberto Martínez o Caña Brava scored the first goal made by a Mexican. Estadio Azteca was the largest stadium in Latin America, and the fifth largest stadium in the world. It is known throughout North America and South America as the home stadium for the Mexico national football team.

Throughout the 1950s Necaxa struggled financially to keep afloat. In 1955, large debts obliged Necaxa to sell the majority of its star players. Miguel Ramierz Vazquez a new owner, contracted the services of the Uruguayan coach Donald Ross, who eventually took Guadalajara to a championship 1957, beginning a road to stability, yet not winning championships.

The electricians won the Title cup in 1960 and the following year, in the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Olympic stadium, "the electricians" defeated Rey Pele and the club and team of the Santos of Brazil 4–3 in an official match of that year's "Exagonal" tournament. "Morocho" Dante Juarez assisted in two victorious goals in Necaxa's win over the Santos de Brazil.

Through the early 1960s, Necaxa struggled financially until it was sold. New owners,Julio Orvañanos brought a championship in 1965–1966.[1]

Mexico 68 and Carlos Albert vs Necaxa[edit]

In this decade, the organization was in financial trouble. The team had poor attendance in Mexico City due the population unrest.

The case of Carlos Albert begins with a small group of veteran soccer players in the spring of 1969. Club Necaxa Veteran players petitioned the organization for better wages and argued that as a team and group, they have always responded to the team's performance. Carlos Albert was the face of the disagreement between the players and management.

Albert was listed by Necaxa Management as transferable and was retained on half his salary. He asked management to void his contract in order, to avoid loss of income and to be able to continue playing in the League with another team. Necaxa Management did not accept his request.

The courts ruled in favour of Albert on Thursday 8 October 1971, and Necaxa was forced to pay 77 thousand pesos to Carlos Albert. Due to the will of managements unfair psychological abuse and labour malpractice, This case forced a cause to action from several players to request better treatment and more rights for Necaxa football players.

Atlético Español 1971 to 1982[edit]

On 19 September 1971, Club Necaxa experienced financial trouble and became in debt with players and management. The owners sold the club to a group of businessmen from Spain. The ownership handled the player contracts, disputes and the franchises debt. The new Spanish ownership restructured contracts and made Club Necaxa solvent. The club plays under the name of the Spanish Athletic Bulls or "Toros del Atlético Español".

In 1975, the organization won their only international title in the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, playing the final against Transvaal of Suriname and defeating them 5–1 on aggregate. In 1973–74, they reached the final against Cruz Azul. They played a two-legged tie in which the Atlético Español won the first leg 2–1 but lost the second 3–0, becoming sub champion of the league.

Players who distinguished themselves in Atlético Español were the Brazilian striker Carlos Eloir Perucci, Ricardo Brandón, Salvador Plascencia,'Sabanita' Rivera, Juan Santillán, and Tomás Boy, under the direction of Miguel Marín, 'the Witch' Gutiérrez, Enrique Díaz and 'Chucho' Prado and the Chiliean Prieto.[7]

In 1982, the Spanish ownership within the Federal District of Mexico city sold the franchise. A new group of Mexican businessmen purchased Necaxa in 1982, then telecommunications Giant Grupo Televisa returned the organization's original name from 1971 and opened its training facilities in Cuautitlán Izcalli in the state of Mexico.[8] The ownership renamed the franchise Necaxa by 1982 after the cultural and historical importance of the franchise in Mexican soccer. While Mexico experienced a crisis called "the Lost Decade" or "La Decada Perdida"[9] in the 1980s and early 1970s, Necaxa in the 1980s struggled against two relegation matches. One at the end of the 1982–1983 season against Zacatepec and another by the end of the 1984–1985 season against Leones U de G.

Atlético Español footballers: Goalkeepers: Julito Aguilar, Jan Gomola, Goyo Cortez, Enrique Vazquez del Mercado, Defense: El Pimienta Rico, Juan Manuel Alvarez, Mario Trejo, Midfielder: Juan Carlos Rodriguez Vega, Manuel Manzo,Benito Buen Hombre Pardo, Tomas Boy. Forwards: Juan Manuel Borbolla, J.J. Muñante, Romano, Carlos Eloir Perucci, El Cachito Ramirez, Ricardo Brandon, Pio Tabaré Gonzalez, Juan Carlos Rossete

New Owners and return to glory (1990–2000)[edit]

In 1988, Futbol Club Necaxa was purchased by Mexican telecommunications giant Grupo Televisa S.A C.V. The now late owner, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo (father of Emilio Azcárraga Jean), and several associates took a new direction with the team.

In the 1989 and 1990 season, director of football operations Anibal Ruiz acquired the services of the Ecuadorian midfielder, Álex Aguinaga, one of the iconic figures of the Necaxa in the 1990s and one of the most talented foreign players who has ever set foot on Mexican soil.

Necaxa has a great season, previously in the 1980s they battled twice against México Primera División's regulations of the Mexican League. In that year Necaxa reached the finals losing to Pumas of the University of Mexico. The following season Aníbal Ruiz was replaced with new coach, the Argentine ex-defender, Eduardo Luján Manera who contracted the services of the Chilean Ivo Basay. Under Manera, Necaxa didn’t qualify for the finals of the championship. The acquisition of new coach Roberto Marcos Saporitti, marked the beginning of a commitment to competition excellence in a period known to Necaxa fans as "La Epoca Necaxista abajo Capitalismo " or "the new era of Necaxa under Capitalism".[citation needed]


In 1992, the talented footballer of U.N.A.M., ex-Puma player Enrique Borja was put under contract and headed the club's football operations, leaving Saporitti as head coach of Necaxa. Eventually Saporitti was replaced. The team Saporitti, Manera, Ruiz leave was an offensive minded team, that was disciplined, yet lacked great defensive talent. The following season management engaged the services of Manuel Lapuente. Sergio "El Ratón" Zarate, Octavio "Picas" Becerril, the Chilean Eduardo "Lalo" Vilches, y José María "El Chema" Higareda were key figures in the defense and offense of the club. Manuel Lapuente managed Club Necaxa to three Championship titles in Mexico's National Football League.

After 56 years, once again Necaxa found itself with the title of "Campeonísimo", contributing talent in the 1990s and late in the millennium, within the Primera División of the Mexican League and in the Mexico national team.

They won the Mexican League Championship in 1994 (beating Cruz Azul), in 1995 (beating Celaya) and 1998 (beating Guadalajara), becoming Champion of CONCACAF and champion of champions the legacy of the "Once Hermanos" attempted to be reestablished within the franchise's values and mind set. The Necaxa team of the '90s and represented the cohesion and ability of working and playing as a team under lucrative financial incentives,forced great communication on the field and execution on the field during advanced Capitalism competition play. Necaxa's Championships were similar, yet different reminder of the spirit of "Los Once Hermanos" or "the Eleven Brothers" in the late 1930s.

Relocation and new home (2000–2009)[edit]

After poor attendance numbers during the early 2000's, Necaxa needed to refresh their home and relocate to improve on this issue. Many consider the Estadio Victoria in Aguascalientes to be the first modern stadium built in Mexico.

Attendance continued to decline steadily despite the change of city and stadium for Necaxa. This consistent decline would lead to a relegation for Necaxa during the Spring 2009 campaign.

The Hidrorayos would bounce back winning the fall 2009 and Spring 2010 (undefeated) Ascenso MX titles thus earning an automatic promotion back up to the Liga MX.

Necaxa in Primera División and return to Ascenso MX (2011 – present)[edit]

After winning the 2009–10 promotion, Necaxa returned to the FMF Primera División for 2010-11 campaign. Omar Arellano began the season with Daniel Brailovsky taking over for the remainder of the tenure. Ultimately the club faced immediate relegation after only 1 year.

Despite having a good performances in the 2nd tier division, Necaxa has not been able to return to the top flight, losing two finals during 2013 against Neza FC and UdG.

On December 6 2014, Necaxa won the Apertura 2014 championship in the final game against Coras FC ultimately losing the promotion playoff against Dorados de Sinaloa.

Kit[edit]

Kit Sponsorship[edit]

Since its founding, Club Necaxa never worn corporate advertisements on their jersey. It was until 1987 that the team began sponsorship, the Atlético Español era in the late seventies.

Kit Sponsor and Manufacturer History[edit]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1922–23 No sponsors* Mexican Light & Power Company, Ltd.
1922–23 No sponsors* StreetCar Operators
1923–26 No sponsors*
1926–36 No sponsors*
1936–40 No sponsors*
1950–1970 To be determined*
1971–82 To be determined
1987–88 Adidas Choco Milk
1989–92 Adidas
1993–94 Adidas Coca Cola / Elf
1994–95 Adidas* Coca Cola / Elf
1995–96 Umbro* Coca Cola / Elf
1996–97 Umbro Coca Cola / AFORE Garante
1998 (Winter'98) Umbro* Coca Cola
1999-00 EEscord Coca Cola
2000–01 EEscord Coca Cola/Sol
2001 EEscord Masfresco / Victoria / Coca Cola
2002 Atletica Coca Cola / Victoria
2003 Atletica Bimbo / Victoria / Coca Cola
2004 Atletica Bimbo / Office Depot / Victoria
2005 Atletica Visa / Leche San Marcos / Banamex / Corona
2006 Atletica Visa / Seguros Argos SA de CV / Leche San Marcos / Corona / Banamex
2007–08 Atletica Visa / Seguros Argos SA de CV / Leche San Marcos / Corona / Aeroméxico / Banamex / Cemex Monterey / Caja Libertad
2008 Voit Sabritas / Corona / Leche San Marcos
2009 Voit Diversity Capital / Corona / Leche San Marcos
2009–10 Voit* Caja Popular Mexicana / Corona / Seguros Argos
2010–11 Atletica Caja Popular Mexicana / Corona / ETN / Pepsi / Rolcar / ETN / Bimbo[10]
2011–12 Atletica Futura/Leche San Marcos/Corona/Caja Popular Mexicana/SKY/Coca Cola/Trucka/Rolcar/Agro depot[10]
2012–2013 Pirma ETN/Leche San Marcos/Meson del Taco/Corona/Caja Popular Mexicana/SKY/Coca Cola/Trucka/Rolcar/Agro depot[10]
2013–2014 Pirma Aeroméxico/Coca Cola/Corona/ETN/Leche San Marcos/Pizza Ola/Rolcar/SKY/Trucka/Oxxo Gas[10]
2014–present Umbro Aeroméxico/Coca Cola/Corona/ETN/Leche San Marcos/Pizza Ola/Rolcar/SKY/Trucka/Oxxo Gas[10]
  • Championship jerseys

First kit evolution[edit]

1922–1923[11]
Second 1922–1923
1922–1923
1923–1971
1971–1981
1973–1975
1972

1990–present kit evolution[edit]

1992
1994
1995
1996
1999
2005
2011

Players[edit]

First-team squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
3 Chile DF Marcos González
4 Mexico DF Luis Padilla (captain)
5 Mexico DF Oliver Ortíz (on loan from Tijuana)
6 Mexico MF Antonio Gallardo (on loan from Guadalajara)
7 Mexico MF Michel García (on loan from América)
8 Uruguay FW Luis Gorocito
9 Mexico FW Rodrigo Prieto (on loan from Sinaloa)
10 Mexico FW Víctor Lojero (vice-captain)
11 Mexico MF Jesús Isijara
12 Mexico DF Carlos Ramos (on loan from Celaya)
13 Mexico DF Abraham Coronado (on loan from Guadalajara)
14 Mexico FW Kevin Chaurand (on loan from Celaya)
15 Mexico MF Jorge Sánchez (on loan from Atl. San Luis)
No. Position Player
16 Mexico MF Carlos Treviño (on loan from Atlas)
17 Mexico FW Jahir Barraza (on loan from Atlas)
18 Chile MF Felipe Gallegos
19 Mexico DF Alejandro Molina (on loan from Monterrey)
20 Venezuela MF Jesús Gómez (on loan from Sinaloa)
21 Mexico GK Jesús Gallardo (on loan from Atlas)
22 Mexico DF Édgar Alaffita (on loan from Atl. San Luis)
23 Mexico GK Roberto Salcedo
24 United States MF Benji Joya (on loan from Santos Laguna)
30 Mexico GK Víctor Hernández (on loan from Guadalajara)
31 Mexico FW Jonathan Valdivia
32 Mexico MF Alan García (on loan from Toluca)
Honduras DF Brayan Beckeles

Historical Championship Squads[edit]

1994–95 Champions

 

1995–96 Champions

 

Winter 98

To start the millennium, Club Necaxa participated in the 2000 FIFA Club World Championship in Brazil. Necaxa's third-place finish in the 2000 FIFA Club World Championship is the highest by any Mexico-based club team (Club América played in the Consolation Round but lost in 2006). No other club in Mexican league history, in FIFA World Club Championship play has managed to surpass or challenge Necaxa's 3rd-place finish, beating Real Madrid.[citation needed]

Top scorers[edit]

Historical Amateur leading scorers[edit]

Historical Leading Season scorers[edit]

All-time leading scorers[edit]

Player Goals Nationality
Ricardo Peláez 138 Mexico
Ivo Basay 101 Chile
Álex Aguinaga 82 Ecuador
Alberto García Aspe 65 Mexico
Julio Maria Palleiro 64 Uruguay

Managers[edit]

This is the list of managers who had the Club Necaxa in short tournaments:

Name Tournament Led Games Games Won Tied Games Games Lost
Enrique Díaz 1982 16 2 7 7
Walter Ormeño 1982–84 60 14 27 19
José Antonio Roca 1984–85 38 5 15 18
Mario Pérez 1986–87 40 7 24 9
Cayetano Ré 1987–88 46 15 15 16
Aníbal Ruiz 1988–90 70 24 28 18
Eduardo Luján Manera 1990–91 38 12 11 15
Roberto Saporiti 1991–94 121 52 39 30
Manuel Lapuente 1994–95 – Inverno 97 61 26 15 20
Raul Arias Verano 98 – Clausura 2005 297 120 76 101
Enrique López Zarza Apertura 2005 – Apertura 2006 45 16 10 19
Pablo Luna (footballer) Apertura 2006 1 0 1 0
Hugo Sanchez Apertura 2006 7 2 1 4
Jose Luis Trejo Clausura 2007 17 4 6 7
Hans Westerhoff Apertura 2007 17 5 5 7
Salvador Reyes Clausura 2008 – Apertura 2008 33 6 18 9
Octavio Becerril Apertura 2008 5 2 2 1
Raul Arias Clausura 2009 17 3 5 9
Javier Flores Apertura 2009 – Bicentenario 2010 44 22 17 5
Daniel Brailovsky Apertura 2010 – Clausura 2011 15 3 1 11
Sergio Bueno Clausura 2011 13 3 6 4
Francisco Ramírez Apertura 2011 12 5 4 3
Luis Francisco García Llamas Apertura 2011 3 1 1 1
Milton Queiroz da Paixão Clausura 2012 12 8 3 3
Jaime Ordiales Apertura 2012–present 28 14 10 4

Fan clubs[edit]

  • Sobredosis Albirroja "The Red and the White Overdose"
  • Comando Rojiblanco
  • La Popular
  • Pasión Albirroja

Honours[edit]

Domestic[edit]

Amateur era

1932-33, 1934–35, 1936–37, 1937–38
1924-25, 1925–26, 1932–33, 1935–36
  • Runner up 2
1939-40, 1940–41
1932-33, 1935–36
1932-33, 1934–35

Professional Era

1994-95, 1995–96, Invierno 98
Clausura 2009, Bicentenario 2010, Apertura 2014
2009-2010
1959-60, 1965–66, 1994–95
1965-1966, 1994–1995

International tournaments[edit]

1935
1975 (as Atlético Español), 1999
2007
3rd place – 2000
1994

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e La serie Mexico Nuevo Siglo: Rueda de la Fortuna Los Rayos
  2. ^ ^ Logan James (reprint 1976). The Scottish Gael Or Celtic Manners. John Donald Publishers Ltd. pp. 249–250. ISBN 0-85976-021-9.
  3. ^ "The Cornish in Mexico", bbc.co.uk, 30 September 2008, retrieved 2009-09-07
  4. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/mexhist.html#ama
  5. ^ "Señor Gol - en sida om Mexikansk fotboll". Señor Gol. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Carlos Calderón: El Necaxa III. Los gloriosos años 30 - mediotiempo.com". 14 June 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "La Vieja Guardia - Pasión Rojiblanca". Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Necaxa deja Cuautitlán". Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "La Década Perdida". Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d e http://www.necaxafutbol.com/
  11. ^ http://www.lacatedralrojiblanca.com/?p=5298

References[edit]

External links[edit]