Club for Growth
|Founder(s)||Harlan Crow, Stephen Moore, Thomas L. "Dusty" Rhodes, and Richard Gilder|
|Mission||To promote public policies that encourage a high growth economy and a swift return to America's founding principles primarily through legislative involvement, issue advocacy, research, training and educational activity.|
|Chairman||Jackson T. Stephens|
|Slogan||"Prosperity and Opportunity through Economic Freedom"|
|Address||2001 L Street NW S-600
Washington, DC 20036
The Club for Growth is a 501(c)(4) conservative organization active in the United States, with an agenda focused on cutting taxes and other economic issues. The Club has two political arms: an affiliated traditional political action committee, called the Club for Growth PAC, and Club for Growth Action, an independent-expenditure only committee or Super-PAC.
According to its website, the Club for Growth's policy goals include cutting income tax rates, repealing the estate tax, supporting limited government and a balanced budget amendment, entitlement reform, free trade, tort reform, school choice, and deregulation. The Club for Growth PAC endorses and raises money for candidates who meet its standards for fiscal conservatism. According to Politico, "The Club for Growth is the pre-eminent institution promoting Republican adherence to a free-market, free-trade, anti-regulation agenda."
- 1 History
- 2 Mission
- 3 Issue advocacy
- 4 Club for Growth PAC
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The Club for Growth was founded in 1999 by Stephen Moore, Thomas L. Rhodes, and Richard Gilder. Moore served as the first president of the Club from 1999 until December 2004, when board members voted to remove Moore as president. Pennsylvania United States Senator Pat Toomey served as president from 2005 until his resignation in April 2009. Former Indiana Congressman Chris Chocola succeeded Toomey. Chocola served as president through December 2014. He remains a member of the Club’s board. Former Indiana Congressman David McIntosh was named president in January 2015.
In 2010, the Club’s political arms spent about $8.6 million directly on candidates and bundled another $6 million from Club members, directing those funds to candidates. In 2012, according to the Center for Responsive Politics, Club members donated at least $4 million, and the Club’s political arms spent nearly $18 million on elections.
Founder Stephen Moore has said, "We want to be seen as the tax cut enforcer in the [Republican] party." Unlike many other political action committees, the Club for Growth's PAC regularly participates in funding candidates for primary elections. The Club focuses more on open seats than on challenging sitting Republicans, but it has helped to unseat a number of incumbent Republicans. The Club for Growth has established a vetting process for potential candidates that involves one or more interviews, research on the race and the candidate's record, and a poll conducted to establish whether the candidate has a viable chance for victory. Each election cycle, the Club's PAC endorses candidates and encourages donors to support the endorsed candidates. Promoting a more conservative agenda, the Club is known for targeting "establishment" Republican candidates.
In 2003, the original Club for Growth strongly opposed the Medicare prescription drug benefit proposal. The Club for Growth strongly supported the Bush tax cuts of 2003 and ran television ads against two Republicans who voiced opposition to the tax cuts. According to The New York Times, "Last spring, [Club for Growth president Steve] Moore attacked two Republican Senators who were resisting the latest tax cut: George Voinovich of Ohio and Olympia Snowe of Maine. He ran ads in each of their states in which he compared them with the French president, Jacques Chirac. Karl Rove, President Bush's political advisor, stated that the ads were "stupid" and "counterproductive"."
In 2005 Pat Toomey became president and the Club for Growth created a congressional scorecard. The Club’s first key vote alert was an amendment sponsored by a Democrat. Representative Earl Blumenauer offered an amendment to an agricultural appropriations bill that would have reduced the sugar program by 6 percent. The amendment failed, 146–280.
The Club fought to support the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement in 2005, running print advertisements in local Beltway publications in the Washington, DC area. According to Roll Call, "Former Rep. Pat Toomey (R-Pa.), president of the Club for Growth, a CAFTA supporter, said his group continued running advertisements before the Congressional vote."
The Club opposed the 2005 highway bill. President Bush threatened to veto the bill but did sign it. The Christian Science Monitor quoted David Keating saying, "For fiscal conservatives, it's frustrating to watch...He's beginning to lose all credibility with these veto threats." According to The Washington Post, "The Club for Growth, a conservative group that funds like-minded candidates for Congress, has turned the highway legislation into a bumper sticker for the GOP's fiscal failings.
This is a defining moment. The Republican Party came to power in 1995 by advocating limited government. But in the last four to five years, there has been no evidence that the Republican officials in the federal government have any remaining commitment to this vital principle.
Following the Supreme Court's Kelo v. City of New London decision, the Club gained an appropriations amendment by Scott Garrett to prohibit funds in the bill from being used to enforce the Court's decision. The amendment passed, 231–189. The Club for Growth PAC highlighted this vote when it targeted Joe Schwarz, a House Republican who it helped defeat in 2006, claiming he was too liberal.
In the spring of 2006, the Club opposed the 527 Reform Act, which curtailed spending by such political organizations. It led a coalition of center-right groups in sending letters to Congress to support its position. The House passed the 527 Reform Act by a margin of 218–209, but the Senate did not consider the legislation.
The Club for Growth supported various amendments to cut earmarks in the budget, such as "dairy education" and a "wine initiative." The Club included assessment of sponsorship of the card check bill in its scorecard. If lawmakers co-sponsored the bill, they were docked points in the rating system.
The Club for Growth issued a new scorecard in 2007 that highlighted how House members voted on several amendments that defunded earmarks. Sixteen congressmen scored a perfect 100% on the so-called "RePORK Card", voting for all 50 anti-pork amendments. They were all Republicans. Conversely, 105 congressmen (81 Democrats and 24 Republicans) scored a 0%, voting against every single amendment. In 2007, the Club also scored against House bills that increased the minimum wage, implemented card check, and sought caps on CEO pay. In the Senate, the Club scored against bills that increased the minimum wage, passage of the farm bill, and the SCHIP healthcare plan.
In 2007, the Club for Growth opposed protectionist policies against China. Senators Chuck Schumer of New York and Lindsey Graham of South Carolina had proposed a bill to apply large tariffs on Chinese imports if that country did not increase the value of its currency. In response, the Club sponsored a petition of 1,028 economists who stated their opposition to protectionist policies against China. The list of economists included Nobel Laureates Finn Kydland, Edward Prescott, Thomas Schelling, and Vernon Smith. The petition played off a similar petition that was also signed by 1,028 economists in 1930 that opposed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act.
In 2008 and 2009, the Club for Growth opposed the $787 billion stimulus bill, Cash for Clunkers, cap and trade legislation, the Wall Street bailout, the auto bailout, the Affordable Care Act and the bailout of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
After Barack Obama was elected president in November 2008, Club President Pat Toomey penned an op-ed that included the results of a poll commissioned by the Club: "A poll commissioned by the Club for Growth in 12 swing congressional districts over the past weekend shows that the voters who made the difference in this election still prefer less government—lower taxes, less spending and less regulation—to Obama's economic liberalism. Turns out, Americans didn't vote for Dems because they support their redistributionist agenda, but because they are fed up with the GOPers in office. This was a classic 'throw the bums out' election, rather than an embrace of the policy views of those who will replace them."
In 2009, the Club produced another "RePORK Card". This time there were 22 House members with a 100% score: 1 Democrat and 21 Republicans. At the bottom, 211 House members received a 0% score: 202 Democrats and 9 Republicans.
The Club for Growth launched its Repeal It! campaign in 2010 in an attempt to help build public support for undoing the Affordable Care Act. In 2010, more than 400 federal lawmakers and candidates signed the Repeal It! pledge, including more than 40 of the incoming freshman class of congressmen and Senators.
The Club for Growth advocated the discharge petition, a proposal that would have forced a House vote on repealing the Affordable Care Act. At the time, Keith Olbermann said: "The petition, which would need 218 signatures to force House Speaker Pelosi to put the repeal bill up for a vote, went largely ignored. As Talking Points Memo reports, on Monday it had only 30 signatures. That is until the right wing group Club For Growth e-mailed its members, explaining Mr. [Steve] King's discharge petition will be considered as a key vote on the club's annual Congressional scorecard. That scorecard is considered one of the gold standards of conservative rankings. That and the Spanish Inquisition. So by Tuesday, the petition had 22 more signatures."
The Club was involved in the debate over the debt ceiling that took place in August 2011. The Club endorsed and strongly supported "Cut Cap and Balance" and ran issue ads urging Republicans to "show some spine" on maintaining the debt ceiling.
The Club opposed the re-authorization of the Export-Import Bank. The Club also took a strong position against Republicans voting for tax increases during the debate over the so-called "fiscal cliff". The Club opposed the "Plan B" tax increase proposed by John Boehner and also opposed the final deal.
In September 2013, Club for Growth made voting on the Continuing Appropriations Resolution a key vote, announcing it track how representatives voted on the bill and make that part of their Congressional Scorecard. The group urged representatives to vote yes, particularly with defunding ObamaCare in mind.
The Club's PAC spent $3.1 million ($2.4 million on independent expenditures and $700,000 on ads) or nearly half of the $7.8 million which it spent in 2014 on Chris McDaniel's effort to defeat Thad Cochran in the United States Senate Republican primary election in Mississippi, 2014.
From April through June of 2015, the Club for Growth spent $1 million on television ads in nine congressional districts, urging the members of Congress in those districts to oppose re-authorization of the Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank). Additional advertisements were announced in two districts in Utah, but were cancelled when the members declared their opposition to the Ex-Im Bank. In addition, the Club for Growth announced a key vote against re-authorization of the Ex-Im Bank.
The Club for Growth produced a series of policy papers on the positions taken by major Republican presidential candidates on the government’s role in economic growth. The eleven papers examined the records and remarks of the candidates on issues such as tax reform, government spending, entitlement reform, and free trade. The Club concluded that Senators Ted Cruz, Rand Paul, and Marco Rubio were the most likely candidates to enact pro-growth policies if elected president.
In October 2015, the Club for Growth announced a key vote against the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015, saying that it would include a $1.5 trillion in the debt ceiling and a $112 billion increase in federal spending.
Since 2005, the Club for Growth has produced an annual congressional scorecard. Each member of Congress receives a score on a scale of 0 to 100. The Club for Growth awards a Defender of Economic Freedom award to members of Congress who receive a 90 or above on the annual scorecard and have a lifetime score of at least 90. In 2012, Paul Broun of Nebraska was awarded as a Defender of Economic Freedom. The New York Times described the Club's release of its annual scorecard as “set upon by Republicans like the Oscar nominations list by Hollywood, with everyone dying to know who ranks where, especially in election years.”
The Club's 2015 Congressional Scorecard was based on 29 House votes and 25 Senate votes. Mike Lee was the only U.S. Senator to receive a perfect score. Ben Sasse was ranked second among U.S. Senators, followed by Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz. On the U.S. House side, John Ratcliffe, Tim Huelskamp, and Scott DesJarlais received perfect scores.
Club for Growth PAC
In 2004, the Club for Growth's PAC endorsed and supported U.S. Representative Pat Toomey, who challenged incumbent Senator Arlen Specter in the Republican primary in Pennsylvania. The PAC was reported to have collected contributions totaling over $934,000 for Toomey. It also spent $1 million on its own independent television advertising campaign on Toomey's behalf. Specter, who had the support of President Bush, the RNC, and Sen. Rick Santorum, defeated Toomey by a narrow margin of 51–49%. Afterward Toomey accepted the position as President of the Club for Growth, where he served until April 2009.
On September 19, 2005, the Federal Election Commission (FEC) filed suit against the Club for Growth alleging violations of the Federal Election Campaign Act for failing to register as a political action committee in the 2000, 2002, and 2004 congressional elections. In September 2007, the Citizens Club for Growth (the Club for Growth changed its name) and the FEC agreed to settle the lawsuit. According to their joint filing, Citizens Club for Growth said "that it operated under the good faith belief that it had not triggered political committee status ... [and] [f]or the purposes of this settlement, and in order to avoid protracted litigation costs, without admitting or denying each specific basis for the [FEC's] conclusions," Citizens Club for Growth no longer contested the alleged violations and agreed to pay $350,000 in civil penalties.
According to the Associated Press, the settlement was one of "a series of actions by the FEC to penalize independent political groups that spent money to influence elections but did not register as political committees. The groups, called 527 organizations for the section of the IRS code..., played a significant role in the 2004 congressional and presidential elections by raising unlimited amounts of money from labor groups, corporations and wealthy individuals." On June 25, 2012, U.S. District Court Judge Robert L. Wilkins issued an order stating that the FEC "is FORMALLY REPRIMANDED as a sanction for violating explicitly clear orders" (emphasis in original text) regarding confidentiality in the 2007 settlement agreement."
The original Club's PAC supported the electoral bids of freshmen U.S. Congressman Adrian Smith (R-NE), Doug Lamborn (R-CO), Bill Sali (R-ID), and Tim Walberg (R-MI), who all were elected. Congressional Quarterly wrote that Smith's views did not differ greatly from those of his primary election rivals, but the endorsement of the Club for Growth's PAC "gave him the imprimatur of the most fiscally conservative candidate, and it helped boost him to the top of the campaign fundraising competition."
The Club's PAC supported the reelection of Democratic Congressman Henry Cuellar (D-TX), who won in a heavily fought race against former Congressman Ciro Rodriguez. The Club's PAC endorsed four candidates for U.S. Senate, including Mike Bouchard in Michigan, Mike McGavick in Washington, Michael Steele in Maryland, and Stephen Laffey in Rhode Island, who did not win.
Support by the Club's PAC was not a guarantee of success: its candidate Sharron Angle was defeated in the Republican primary in Nevada's 2nd congressional district, although it spent more than $1 million on her campaign. The Club's PAC also supported primary campaigns of Phil Krinkie in Minnesota and Kevin Calvey in Oklahoma, who lost, as did incumbent congressman Chris Chocola in Indiana, John Gard in Wisconsin, and Rick O'Donnell in Colorado.
The Club's PAC supported the reelection of Steve Chabot in Ohio.
The Club's PAC endorsed state senator Steve Buehrer in the special election for Ohio's 5th congressional district to replace the deceased Rep. Paul Gillmor. Buehrer however was defeated by Bob Latta, the son of former Rep. Del Latta, in the Republican primary in November 2007 by a 44% to 40% margin.
The Club's PAC endorsed Paul Jost, the chairman of the Virginia chapter of the Club for Growth, in the contest to replace deceased Rep. Jo Ann Davis in Virginia's 1st congressional district. In the nominating convention, Jost was defeated by state delegate Rob Wittman.
In Maryland's 1st congressional district, the Club's PAC endorsed state senator Andrew P. Harris against nine term incumbent Wayne Gilchrest. In the February 12 primary, Harris surged to a strong 44% to 32% victory. Gilchrest became the second incumbent Republican to be defeated by a candidate supported by the Club. The first was Rep. Joe Schwarz in Michigan in 2006. Harris was, however, unable to win the general election.
In Georgia's 10th congressional district, the Club's PAC endorsed incumbent Paul Broun who defeated state representative Barry Fleming 71% to 29% in the July 15, 2008 primary election. Broun's victory surprised many political observers.
In Arizona's 5th congressional district, the Club's PAC endorsed former Maricopa County Treasurer David Schweikert, who narrowly defeated former candidate Susan Bitter-Smith by a margin of 30% to 28%; there were three other candidates. He did not win the general election.
During the 2008 Republican presidential primaries, the Club's PAC was critical of Mike Huckabee, attacking him as the "tax-increasing liberal governor of Arkansas". Huckabee, in turn, referred to the Club for Growth as the "Club for Greed".
The Club's PAC endorsed in the special election in New York's 23rd congressional district the Conservative Party of New York candidate, Doug Hoffman instead of Republican candidate Dede Scozzafava. With the Club pouring money into Hoffman's campaign, Scozzafava realized that she could not win and withdrew from the race the Sunday before the November 3 special election, endorsing the Democratic candidate Bill Owens. Owens won the election in a district where portions had not had a Democratic congressman since the 19th century.
In 2012, the Club for Growth PAC endorsed eighteen candidates, nine of whom were victorious:
U.S. presidential election
With regard to the 2016 Republican presidential primary candidates, the Club for Growth has been critical of Mike Huckabee, Chris Christie, John Kasich, Ben Carson, Carly Fiorina, and Donald Trump. In August 2015, Club for Growth president David McIntosh said that Marco Rubio, Rand Paul, and Ted Cruz are “the real deal candidates, the gold standard of the race," and that while questions remained, Jeb Bush and Scott Walker showed some pro-growth stances.
In August 2015, the Club for Growth PAC announced it would formally support presidential candidates for the first time, saying the group would bundle donations for Cruz, Rubio, Walker, Bush, and Paul. Club for Growth president David McIntosh said "Five candidates are at the forefront of the Republican presidential field on issues of economic freedom, and the Club for Growth PAC is standing with them to help them stand out from the rest." In October 2015, McIntosh said Cruz and Rubio were "the gold standard" of Republican presidential candidates.
The Club for Growth’s Super PAC, Club for Growth Action, has been particularly critical of Trump's candidacy, announcing a $1 million Iowa advertising buy against his campaign in September 2015. The Club for Growth Action was the first third-party group to spend significant sums against Donald Trump. The Club for Growth announced a $1.5 million advertising buy in Florida in March 2016. The group's advertisements highlighted Trump's support for liberal policies, such as a single-payer health insurance system and tax increases.
In March 2016, Politico reported that the Club for Growth PAC planned to deny congressional endorsements to any candidates who endorsed Donald Trump's presidential bid before the nomination was actually clinched. The Club’s PAC noted that the warning did not apply to those who endorsed Trump after the May 3, 2016 Indiana primary. Also in March 2016, the Club for Growth PAC endorsed Ted Cruz for president. The Club for Growth PAC had never previously endorsed in a presidential race. According to Club for Growth head David McIntosh, “This year is different because there is a vast gulf between the two leading Republican candidates on matters of economic liberty. Their records make clear that Ted Cruz is a consistent conservative who will fight to shrink the federal footprint, while Donald Trump would seek to remake government in his desired image."
U.S. congressional elections
- "About". Club for Growth.
- Kacich, Tom (February 11, 2016). UPDATED: Coming to a TV near you: Congressional attack ads. The News-Gazette. Retrieved: February 18, 2016.
- Drew, Elizabeth (2013-03-21). "Are the Republicans Beyond Saving?". New York Review of Books. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- Burns, Alexander; Palmer, Anna (2014-04-07). "Inside the Club for Growth's art of war". Politico. p. 1. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- O'Connor, Patrick. "Conservative unrest fuels Club fundraising: Toomey". The Hill. Retrieved April 3, 2006.
- John Sugden (16 December 2014). "Club for Growth Names New President After Lackluster Returns in '14". The Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Lengell, Sean. "Club for Growth targeting 'establishment' GOP candidates". Washington Times. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- "Organization Profiles: Club for Growth". OpenSecrets.org. Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- Running on empty: how the Democratic and Republican Parties are bankrupting our future By Peter G. Peterson
- Catanese, David (May 10, 2010). "How Bennett got Clubbed". Politico. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- Heller, Marc (2010-04-24). "Club for Growth on fence". Watertown Daily Times. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Medicare reform The biggest turkey of all?". The Economist. 2003-11-27. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Bai, Matt (August 10, 2003). "Fight Club". New York Times. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 234". House of Representatives. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Ackley, Kate (2005-07-25). "CAFTA Vote Is Emerging As a Major Litmus Test". Roll Call. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 453". House of Representatives. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Burke, Josh (2005-08-16). "Bush makes history – a five-year streak without saying 'no'". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Murray, Shailagh (November 5, 2005). "Some in GOP Regretting Pork-Stuffed Highway Bill". Washington Post. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Sweet, Lynn (August 10, 2005). "Museum gets a plum from Congress". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 2005-09-08. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Russell Chaddock, Gail (2005-10-24). "Budget debate now a fight for soul of GOP". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 350". House of Representatives. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- O'Connor, Patrick (2006-03-21). "Main Street gears up to defend its own". The Hill. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Toomey, Patrick (April 5, 2006). "527 'Reform' Bill Goes Too Far". Human Events. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 88". House of Representatives. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "The 2006 Congressional Scorecard – House". Club for Growth. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Card Check is an Abomination". Club for Growth. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "The Club's 2007 Congressional Scorecard". Club for Growth. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "2007 Senate Scorecard". Club for Growth. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Who Wants to Return to President Hoover's Import Export Trade Policies?". Club for Growth. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Reaction to Bush's decision on auto bailout". Associated Press. 2008-12-19. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Toomey, Patrick (November 6, 2008). "Swing Voters Don't Want Big Government". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "The 2009 Club for Growth RePORK Card: Full Report". Club for Growth. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Year After Launching Pledge, Club for Growth Calls on House to Repeal It!". Club for Growth. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Countdown with Keith Olbermann' for Thursday, July 1, 2010". MSNBC. 2010-07-20. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Club For Growth Ad Tells GOP to "Show Some Spine"". Real Clear Politics. July 11, 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Wasson, Erik (May 7, 2012). "Conservative groups to punish members voting for Cantor's Export-Import bill". The Hill. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- O'Keefe, Ed; Helderman, Rosalind (2012-12-19). "Club for Growth comes out against 'Plan B'". Washington Post. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Roth, Andrew. "Key Vote Alert – "YES" on FY14 Continuing Resolution (H.J.Res 59)". Club for Growth. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- Sullivan, Sean (December 11, 2013). "Conservatives slam Ryan-Murray budget deal". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Dumain, Emma; Dennis, Steven (June 6, 2013). "Farm Bill's Failure Poisons Well in House". Roll Call. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Dumain, Emma (July 1, 2013). "Farm Bill Split Won't Appease Club for Growth". Roll Call. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Abbott, Charles (2013-06-20). "U.S. House deals shock defeat to Republican farm bill". Reuters. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Min Kim, Seung (June 11, 2015). "Club for Growth adds 2 more targets". Politico. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Needham, Vicki (October 23, 2015). "Club for Growth key-votes Export-Import Bank vote". The Hill. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "2016 Presidential White Paper Series". Club for Growth. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Bordelon, Brandon (April 16, 2015). "Cruz, Paul, and Rubio Get Qualified Thumbs-Up from Club for Growth". National Review. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Roth, Andrew (October 28, 2015). "Key Vote Alert – "NO" on the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (HR 1314)". Club for Growth. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Rep. Broun receives Defender of Economic Freedom award". Lincoln Journal. May 3, 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Steinhauer, Jennifer (March 1, 2012). "A Conservative Leader Was Less So in Congress". New York Times. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Reid, Jon (April 29, 2015). "Club for Growth Releases 2015 Congressional Scorecard". Morning Consult. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
- Fitzgerald, Thomas (2010-10-22). "Club for Growth Spends $1m for Toomey". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- Club for Growth Suit
- AP, "Citizens Club for Growth to pay fine", USA Today, 5 September 2007
- "United States District Court for the District of Columbia: Stipulation for Entry of Consent Judgment" (PDF). September 5, 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "United States District Court for the District of Columbia: Civl No. 05-1851". 2012-06-25.
- Roth, Andrew. "Club for Growth PAC Endorses Doug Lamborn in CO-05". Club for Growth. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Roth, Andrew. "Bill Sali and the Minimum Wage". 1-1-2007. Club for Growth.
- Newlin Carney, Eliza (2011-11-21). "Tim Walberg Back in His 'Sweet Spot'". Roll Call. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Levinson, Nathan. "Anti-Tax Message Helps Push Smith to Primary Win". Congressional Quarterly. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- Vogel, Ed (August 12, 2006). "Angle catches Heller Legislative veteran closes former big gap". Las Vegas Review Journal. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- DeGette, Cara. "Club for Growth Revives Lamborn Cash Quest". Colorado Independent. Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- "Rep. Adrian Smith (R)". National Journal Almanac. National Journal. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Primary Elections (August 2006)". Colorado Cumulative Report: Official Results: Primary Election.
- Ben Ysursa, Secretary of State (2006-05-23). "Idaho Secretary of State – Elections, Campaign Disclosure and Lobbyists". Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "2006 Official Michigan Primary Election Results – 7th District Representative in Congress 2 Year Term (1) Position". Michigan Department of State. September 11, 2006. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "Election Results – District 28 in Texas". The Political Guide. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- Land, Terri Lynn (May 10, 2007). "Official Michigan General Election Results – United States Senator 6 Year Term (1) Position". Michigan Department of State.
- "2006 Primary Election Results". Washington Secretary of State. 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2006-11-07.
- "2006 General Election Results". Washington Secretary of State. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- "Official 2006 Gubernatorial Primary Election results for U.S. Senator". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Official 2006 Gubernatorial General Election results for U.S. Senator". Maryland State Board of Elections. 2006-12-19. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- "State of Nevada 2006 Official Statewide Primary Election Results August 15, 2006".
- "Primary Election". ok.gov. Oklahoma State Election Board. 2006-07-26. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
- "U.S. House of Representatives/Indiana 02". America Votes 2006. CNN. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "U.S. House of Representatives/Wisconsin 08". America Votes 2006. CNN. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "OH – District 01 Race – Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
- "Jon Kyl's Special Interest Group Ratings". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- "Club Standards". National Review. 2007-08-23. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- Cilizza, Chris (2006-05-24). "Club For Growth Chalks Up More Wins". Washington Post. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- Weigel, David (December 2006). "Insurgent Republicans". Reason Magazine. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- "Club for Growth Endorses Four More Candidates". CNN. 2006-09-28. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
- Stacy, Dave (October 5, 2007). "OH-5: Club For Growth Drops $75k for Buehrer". Cleveland Plain-Dealer. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- "Club for Growth PAC Endorses Paul Jost in VA-1". Club for Growth. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- "House Incumbents Easily Hold That Line in Georgia Primaries". CQ Politics. 2008-07-16. Archived from the original on 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- "Arizona Delegates Watch From Afar as Front-Runners Win Close Primaries". CQ Politics. Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "Huckabee foes open their wallets for attack ads". Los Angeles Times. January 1, 2008.[dead link]
- Huckabee?: Comment: The New Yorker
- Meredith Turney (November 21, 2008). "Tom McClintock Wins 4th CD Race". FlashReport. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- Michael Teitelbaum (November 11, 2008). "GOP Concession in Maryland Race Boosts Dems' House Gain to 20". Congressional Quarterly. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- "Joe Schwarz Endorses Mark Schauer". Walberg Watch. September 30, 2008. Archived from the original on October 24, 2013. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- "Schwarz endorses Democrat in Michigan congressional race". Mlive.com. Associated Press. 2008-09-30. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- "Political eyes on Republican Scozzafava after conservatives urge her to quit". The Washington Post. November 10, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- Peters, Jeremy W. (November 4, 2009). "Conservative Loses Upstate House Race in Blow to Right". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "CFG PAC Endorsed Candidates". Club for Growth. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Connolly, Michael. "Club for Growth PAC Endorses David Schweikert in AZ-05". Club for Growth. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Oklahoma Primary Results". Politico. July 27, 2010. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- SUMMARY RESULTS: General Election – November 2, 2010
- "NY-23: Club Endorses Hoffman (C)". RealClearPolitics. 2009-09-28. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Casteel, Chris (2010-08-19). "D.C. Club for Growth airs ad for Oklahoma's Kevin Calvey in congressional race". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Humphrey, Tom (February 10, 2010). "Club for Growth Endorses Robin Smith in 3rd District". News Sentinel. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Carter, Zach (November 12, 2012). "Club For Growth In 2012 Bests Conservative Groups In Candidate Picks, Richard Mourdock Aside". Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Sobel, Julie (October 2, 2012). "Club for Growth Spending To Save Mourdock, Flake". National Journal. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Koff, Stephen (2011-06-28). "Josh Mandel gets another national endorsement for U.S. Senate". Plain Dealer. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Powers, Scott (2012-08-22). "Club For Growth endorses Connie Mack in senate race". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Hughes, Siobhan (August 1, 2012). "Club for Growth Scores Another Win". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Club for Growth PAC Congratulates Thomas Massie". Club for Growth. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Club for Growth PAC Congratulates Steve King". Club for Growth. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Derby, Kevin (2012-06-26). "Club for Growth: 'Ron DeSantis is principled conservative America desperately needs'". Sunshine State News. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Club for Growth PAC Endorses Kevin Cramer In ND-AL". Club for Growth. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Joseph, Cameron (2012-05-22). "Club for Growth favorite leads in Arkansas". The Hill. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Trygstad, Carl (December 1, 2011). "Club for Growth Endorses Wimmer in New Utah District". Roll Call. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Sullivan, Sean. "Club for Growth Endorses Stenberg". National Journal. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Livingston, Abby (December 1, 2011). "Club for Growth Backs Matt Salmon for Congress". Roll Call. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Ordonez, Franco (2012-05-26). "Scott Keadle boosted by power-wielding conservative group". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Club for Growth PAC Endorses David McIntosh for Congress". Club for Growth. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Club for Growth PAC Endorses Keith Rothfus for U.S. Congress". Club for Growth. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "PAC Candidates". Club for Growth. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- "Michigan–Summary Vote Results". Associated Press. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Sullivan, Sean (2014-05-13). "Tea-party-backed Ben Sasse wins Nebraska primary for U.S. Senate". Washington Post. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Burns, Alexander (June 4, 2014). "Thad Cochran, Chris McDaniel barrel toward runoff". Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- Walshe, Shussanah (2014-06-24). "Six-Term Incumbent Sen. Thad Cochran Beats Tea Party Challenger, Chris McDaniel". ABC News. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Cahn, Emily (2014-05-20). "Arkansas Primary Results: French Hill, Bruce Westerman Win GOP Primaries". Roll Call. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Parti, Tarini (2014-05-21). "Idaho's Mike Simpson beats Club for Growth-backed Bryan Smith". Politico. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- Joseph, Cameron. "Club for Growth picks Sullivan for Alaska Senate". The Hill. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
- "2014 U.S. Senate Results". Election Central. Politico. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- O'Keefe, Ed (2014-03-25). "Ralph Hall challenger John Ratcliffe picks up endorsements from Club for Growth, Madison Project". Washington Post. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
- "Texas – Summary Vote Results". Associated Press. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Stinson, Jim (May 1, 2014). "Club for Growth endorses Chad Mathis in GOP primary for Congressional District 6". AL.com. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Election Results". Politico. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "Election Results". Associated Press. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- "Georgia Election Results". Associated Press. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Howard, Marcus (2014-07-22). "Buddy Carter wins 1st Congressional District Republican runoff". Savannah Morning News. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Seitz, Blake (2014-05-20). "Former Rep. Todd Tiahrt sets off GOP primary fight in Kansas with challenge to Mike Pompeo". Washington Examiner. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Kansas–Summary Vote Results". Associated Press. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Underwood, Madison (2014-06-11). "Club for Growth endorses Gary Palmer in 6th District runoff". AL.com. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Cahn, Emily (2014-07-15). "Alabama Runoff Results: Gary Palmer Wins Republican Nomination". Roll Call. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
- Livingston, Abby (2014-06-20). "Club for Growth Backs New Hampshire House Candidate". Roll Call. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- "Primary 2014: Wins In Hand For Brown, Havenstein, Garcia, Guinta". New Hampshire Public Radio. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Lovelace, Ryan (November 19, 2015). "Club for Growth hits Fiorina on 'concerning level of inconsistencies'". Washington Examiner. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- Camia, Catalina (May 5, 2015). "Club for Growth hits Mike Huckabee on taxes in new ad". USA Today. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Kapur, Sahil (June 17, 2015). "Donald Trump: Club For Growth Is Attacking Me After Seeking $1 Million Donation". Bloomberg. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Neff, Blake (July 2, 2015). "Club For Growth Warns About Christie's Mixed Fiscal Record". Daily Caller. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Reinhard, Beth (June 12, 2015). "Jeb Bush Faulted Over Use of Florida Tax Money". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Easley, Jonathan (October 23, 2015). "Club for Growth claims credit as Trump drops in Iowa". The Hill. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- McIntosh, David (August 5, 2015). "Rating GOP's pro-growth contenders: Club for Growth". USA Today. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- O'Connor, Patrick (August 10, 2015). "Club for Growth PAC Blesses Five GOP Candidates". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Kaczynski, Andrew (October 29, 2015). "Club for Growth PAC Blesses Five GOP Candidates". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- Epstein, Reid (March 2, 2016). "Super PACS Launch Anti-Trump Ads in Florida, Illinois and Michigan". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- Rappeport, Alan (September 22, 2015). "Donald Trump Threatens to Sue Club for Growth Over Ad Campaign". New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Confessore, Nicholas; Rappeport, Alan (September 15, 2015). "Donald Trump Is Target of Conservative Ad Campaign". New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Schouten, Fredreka (September 15, 2015). "Club for Growth launches ad campaign against Donald Trump in Iowa". USA Today. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Adler, Jonathan (September 25, 2015). "Donald Trump v. Club for Growth". Washington Post. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Everett, Burgess (March 1, 2016). "Club for Growth warns against Trump endorsements". Politico. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- Everett, Burgess (May 4, 2016). "Club for Growth backs off Trump threat". Politico. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Goldmacher, Shane (March 23, 2016). "Club for Growth endorses Ted Cruz". Politico. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- Cahn, Emily (November 12, 2014). "Club for Growth Endorses 6 Senators for 2016". Roll Call. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- Groppe, Maureen (August 5, 2015). "Club for Growth endorses Stutzman for U.S. Senate". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- Groppe, Maureen (May 4, 2016). "Young wins GOP Senate primary over Stutzman". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "PAC endorses Davidson for 8th Congressional District". The Journal-News. January 12, 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- Peterson, Kristina; O'Connor, Patrick (March 16, 2016). "Warren Davidson Wins Ohio Republican Primary for John Boehner's Seat". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- "Warren Davidson wins race to replace John Boehner". Dayton Daily News. June 7, 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Clifton, Grant (September 18, 2015). "Club for Growth endorses Jim Banks for congress". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Wittmeyer, Sara (May 3, 2016). "Jim Banks Secures GOP Nomination In U.S. 3rd District". Indiana Public Media. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Yokley, Eli (January 6, 2015). "Club for Growth Makes Shimkus Second GOP Target". Roll Call. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- "Congressman Shimkus Has Easy Primary Win Over Kyle McCarter". WJDB. March 16, 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- Schneider, Elena (January 29, 2016). "IOWA COUNTDOWN … THREE days". Politico. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Boyd, Kevin (April 19, 2016). "John Fleming Lands Major Conservative Endorsement In The U.S. Senate Race". The Hayride. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
- Bluestein, Greg (April 22, 2016). "Top Georgia Democrat: 2017 will be the start of a Medicaid expansion". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
- Gould Sheinin, Aaron; Hallerman, Tamar (May 24, 2016). "Crane, Ferguson head into GOP runoff to fill Lynn Westmoreland's seat". Atlanta Journal Constitution.
- Wireback, Taft (May 19, 2016). "Political neophyte draws big-dollar support in District 13 House race". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Valencia, Jorge (June 7, 2016). "First-Time Candidate Ted Budd Takes 13th District GOP Nomination". WUNC. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Sachtleben, Doug (July 13, 2016). "Club for Growth PAC Endorses Andy Biggs (AZ-05)". Club for Growth. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
- Bade, Rachel (August 26, 2016). "Establishment frets: Freedom Caucus and Club for Growth in cahoots". Politico. Retrieved 1 September 2016.