Club throw

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The club throw is an athletic throwing event where the object is to throw a wooden club. The event is one of the four throwing events, along with discus, javelin and shot put of the Summer Paralympics. It is the Paralympic equivalent of the hammer throw.[1] The club throw was introduced for both men and women at the first Summer Paralympic Games in 1960. It was dropped from the women's programme from the 1992 Paralympics in Barcelona but was reinstated for London 2012.

Sport rules[edit]

The club

Like other throwing events, the competition is decided by who can throw the club the farthest, though when the event is contested by athletes of different disability classifications, such as the Paralympics, the result is decided by a points score using the Raza Points System which considers athletes' relative levels of disability. The club for men and women weighs a minimum of 397 grams (14.0 oz) and is normally made from wood with a metal base.[2] The athlete sits in a frame in a throwing area which is within a marked circle between 2.135 and 2.50 metres (7 ft 0 in and 8 ft 2 in) in diameter. The frame is common for each competitor and is rigid.[2] The sport is contested at the Paralympics by athletes in the F31, F32 and F51 classes (individuals with the most significant impairment in hand function).

Records[edit]

As of 2015 the world record for the men's club in the 32 class is held by Vladislav Frolov, who threw 35.94 metres (117 ft 11 in) at the 2015 IPC Athletics World Championships in Doha, Qatar on 26 October.[3] The men's record in the 51 class is held by Zeljko Dimitrijevic, who recorded a distance of 26.88 metres (88 ftin) in London at the Summer Paralympics on 31 August 2012.[4]

As of 2015 the world record for the women's club in the 32 class is held by Maroua Ibrahmi, who threw 24.15 metres (79 ft 3 in) in Lyon, France on 24 July 2013. The women's record in the 51 class is held by America's Rachael Morrison, who recorded a distance of 21.90 metres (71 ft 10 in) at Olomouc in the Czech Republic on 5 July 2014.[5]

Paralympics[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Location Open to Gold Class Distance
(points)
Silver Class Distance
(points)
Bronze Class Distance
(points)
1984 New York, United States 1A  Bart Dodson (USA) 1A 23.54  Franicsco de las Fuentes (MEX) 1A 21.44  S. Wilkins (USA) 1A 21.12
1988 Seoul, South Korea 1A  Edund Weber (FRG) 1A 23.44  Jose Danile Haylan (ARG) 1A 18.28  Paolo D'Agostini (ITA) 1A 17.50
1992 Barcelona, Spain C6  Dae Kwan Kim (KOR) C6 51.58 WR  Keith Gardner (GBR) C6 43.78  S. Da Costa Neto (BRA) C6 43.50
1996 Atlanta, United States F50  Stephen Miller (GBR) F50 25.84 WR  James Richardson (GBR) F50 22.75  Aaron Little (USA) F50 20.65
2000 Sydney, Australia F51  Stephen Miller (GBR) F51 27.74  Takefumi Anryo (JPN) F51 26.88  Ahmed Kamal (BRN) F51 26.08
2004 Athens, Greece F32/F51  Stephen Miller (GBR) F32 33.53
(1133)
 Radim Beles (CZE) F51 25.44
(993)
 Karim Betina (ALG) F32 29.17
(986)
2008 Beijing, China F32/F51  Mourad Idoudi (TUN) F32 35.77
(1125) WR
 Stephen Miller (GBR) F32 34.37
(1081)
 Jan Vanek (CZE) F51 25.29
(1063)
2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil F32  Maciej Sochal (POL) F32 33.91  Athanasios Konstantinidis (GRE) F32 33.69  Stephen Miller (GBR) F32 31.93
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil F51  Zeljko Dimitrijevic (SRB) F51 29.96 WR  Milos Mitic (SRB) F51 26.84  Marian Kureja (SVK) F51 26.82

Women[edit]

Games Location Open to Gold Class Distance (points) Silver Class Distance (points) Bronze Class Distance (points)
1960 Rome, Italy A  Maria Scutti (ITA) A 19.10  Anna Maria Galimberti (ITA) A 17.82  Manette Berger-Waldenegg (AUT) A 17.32
1960 Rome, Italy B  Maria Scutti (ITA) B 20.07  Marlene Muhlendyck (FRG) B 19.42  Anna Maria Galimberti (ITA) B 19.11
1960 Rome, Italy C  Zander (FRG) C 26.62  Daphne Ceeney (AUS) C 21.11  Maria Scutti (ITA) C 20.21
2012 London, United Kingdom F31/32/51  Maroua Ibrahmi (TUN) F32 23.43 WR  Mounia Gasmi (ALG) F32 22.51  Gemma Prescott (GBR) F32 20.50

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Club throw". channel4.com. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "IPC Athletics Rules and Regulations,". IPC. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "Results - Men's Club Throw F32 Final". IPC. 26 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Men's Club Throw". IPC. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Results - Women's Club Throw F51 Final". IPC. 24 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.