CR Flamengo

Coordinates: 22°54′44″S 43°13′49″W / 22.91222°S 43.23028°W / -22.91222; -43.23028
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An escutcheon with horizontal red and black stripes, with a monogram of the letters CRF in its upper-left part
Full nameClube de Regatas do Flamengo
Nickname(s)Rubro-Negro (Scarlet-Black)
Mengão (Big Mengo)
Malvadão (The Evil One)
Urubu (Vulture)
Founded17 November 1895; 128 years ago (1895-11-17) (Rowing Club)
24 December 1911; 112 years ago (1911-12-24) (Football Department)
Coordinates22°54′44″S 43°13′49″W / 22.91222°S 43.23028°W / -22.91222; -43.23028
PresidentRodolfo Landim
Head coachTite
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Carioca
Série A, 4th of 20
Carioca, 1st of 12
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈklubi dʒi ʁeˈɡataz du flaˈmẽɡu]; English: Rowing Club of Flamengo), more commonly referred to as simply Flamengo, is a Brazilian multi sports club based in Rio de Janeiro, in the neighborhood of Gávea, best known for their professional football team. They are one of two clubs to have never been relegated from the top division. Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil with more than 46.9 million fans, equivalent to 21.9% of the population that supports a team.[2]

The club was first established in 1895 specifically as a rowing club in the Flamengo neighborhood and did not play their first official football match until 1912. Flamengo's traditional uniform features red and black striped shirts with white shorts, and red and black striped socks. Flamengo has typically played their home matches in the Maracanã (which is also Brazil's national stadium) since its completion in 1950, with some exceptions in recent years. Since 1969, the vulture (Portuguese: urubu) has been the most recognized mascot of Flamengo.[3]

Flamengo established themselves as one of Brazil's most successful sports clubs in the 20th century during the era of state leagues in Brazil when they captured several Campeonato Carioca (Rio de Janeiro state league) titles prior to the establishment of the first Brazilian national football championship in 1959. Since then, they have remained successful in Brazilian football, having won 8 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 4 Copa do Brasil, and a record 38 Campeonato Carioca. In South American and worldwide competitions, the club's highest achievements are their conquests of the 1981, 2019 and 2022 Copa Libertadores, and 1981 Intercontinental Cup against Liverpool, led by the club's most iconic player, Zico.

Flamengo's fiercest and longest-standing rivalries are with the other "Big Four" of Rio de Janeiro: Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama; as well as interstate rivalries with Atletico MG and Palmeiras.[4][5][6]

Flamengo have also been well represented in the Brazil national football team; At the 1938 FIFA World Cup, forward Leônidas, a Flamengo player at the time, was the Golden Boot winner with 7 goals and won the Golden Ball, thus becoming the first Brazilian player ever to win those two awards. Twelve years later at the 1950 World Cup, Zizinho, who was a midfielder for Flamengo ,also won the Golden Ball after he was voted best player; 4 out of the 10 top scorers for the Brazil National Team have all been Flamengo players at one point in their careers, seven players have won the World Cup whilst playing for Flamengo, and Flamengo player Màrio Zagallo scored Brazil's third goal in the 1958 World Cup final.

Flamengo's youth academy is one of the most prolific in Brazil and in the world, and have developed a number of Brazilian internationals such as Zico, Vinícius Júnior, Lucas Paquetá, Júlio César, Adriano, Mário Zagallo, Júnior and Leonardo.

It´s Brazil's richest and most valuable football club with an annual revenue of R$1,2 billion ( 218 million)[7] and a valuation of over R$3.8 billion (691 million).[8] Flamengo became the non-European football club with the most followers on social media with 49 million followers across all platforms as of 18 June 2023.[9]

Flamengo's training center, officially known as "Ninho do Urubu" (which translates to "Vulture's Nest" in English), is located in Vargem Grande, Rio de Janeiro. It serves as the primary training facility for the Flamengo football club, housing their professional teams as well as youth academy.


Establishment of the club (1895–1912)[edit]

Flamengo was founded on 17 November 1895, by a group of rowers gathered at club member Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo Beach in Rio de Janeiro. In the late 19th century, rowing was the elite, upper middle class sport in the region and the group hoped to impress the young women of the city's high society by establishing a rowing club. Previously, they could only afford a used boat named Pherusa, which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895, when they sailed off the Caju Point toward Flamengo Beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal (Loyal). Later as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, it was stolen and never found again. The group saved money to buy a new boat, the Etoile, renamed Scyra.

On the night of 17 November, the group gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach and founded the Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo (English: Flamengo Rowing Group) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to its current title of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (Flamengo Rowing Club). The founders decided that the anniversary of the club's foundation should be commemorated on 15 November to coincide with Republic Proclamation Day, a national holiday.

Flamengo's football team was only established after a group of ten dissatisfied players from Fluminense broke away from that club following a board dispute.[10] The players decided to join Flamengo because Alberto Borgerth, the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Also, establishing a land sports department at Flamengo was preferable to joining football rivals Botafogo or the all-English club Paissandu. The new members were admitted on 8 November 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was put to a vote but was defeated, and as a result the members officially established the club's new football department on 24 December 1911.

The name "Flamengo", first referring to the Flamengo Neighborhood and later to the club´s name is a reference to the Dutch navigator Olivier Van Noort, who tried to invade the city of Rio de Janeiro in the 16th century from Flamengo Beach.[11] "Flamengo" is a direct portuguese translation from the word "flamish"

Football in the amateur era (1912–1933)[edit]

The recently formed football team before a match vs. Paissandu, 1912

The new team trained on Russel Beach [pt] and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice matches. The first official match was played on 3 May 1912, and marked, to this day, the largest margin of victory in the club's history, as they defeated Mangueira 16–2. Flamengo's first ever match against Fluminense, the start of the Fla-Flu rivalry, was played on 7 July of that year and was won by Fluminense by a score of 3–2. That same year, Flamengo finished as runners-up of the Campeonato Carioca, the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The team's first uniform was nicknamed the "papagaio vintém", due to its similarity to a particular type of kite.

The Flamengo team of 1914, when the club won its first Carioca championship

In 1914 the club won the Campeonato Carioca for the first time, dressed in a red, black, and white-striped shirt nicknamed the "cobra coral" (coral snake) was worn until 1916. Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca again the following year, in 1915, and secured their first back-to-back championship; something they also did with their titles in 1920 and 1921.

In 1925, the team won the Campeonato Carioca and five other tournaments, a record at the time. In 1927 the prominent Rio newspaper Jornal do Brasil, in partnership with a mineral water company, held a mail-in contest to find "the most beloved club in Brazil." Though Flamengo enjoyed their largest increase in fan support after the club professionalized in the 1930s, they still defeated popular rivals Vasco da Gama in the vote.[12] This was the first of many times that Flamengo would be polled as the nation's most popular club, originating the nickname "O mais querido do Brasil" ("the most beloved of Brazil").[13] In 1933 the team went on its first tour outside Brazil (to Montevideo and Buenos Aires[14]) and on 14 May of the same year played its final match as an amateur team, defeating River Futebol Clube by a score of 16–2.[15] After this, the club's football department became professional.

Early professional era (1934–1955)[edit]

Flamengo's team, 1934. National Archives of Brazil

Local advertiser José Bastos Padilha was elected club president in 1934 and served until 1937. Under his tenure, the club massively improved its popularity in both Rio de Janeiro and the entirety of Brazil. For publicity, he organized a contest for students in schools to create phrases describing Flamengo, from which the phrase uma vez Flamengo, Flamengo até morrer ("Once you are Flamengo, you are Flamengo 'til you die") was developed and would later be adopted as part of the club's anthem. In 1936 Padilha signed excellent players such as Domingos da Guia and Leônidas da Silva (who would go on to be the leading goalscorer in the 1938 FIFA World Cup as a Flamengo player). These beloved players endeared Flamengo to the public and it is believed that by this time Flamengo was the most popular club in the country.[12] In 1937 Flamengo hired Hungarian coach Izidor "Dori" Kürschner, who introduced the WM system to Brazil and other innovations from Europe such as training without the use of the ball and playing a more defensive, controlled style. Padilha facilitated the construction of Flamengo's new stadium and current training center, the Estádio da Gávea. The stadium was inaugurated on 4 September 1938, when Vasco da Gama defeated Flamengo 2–0 and Kürschner was promptly fired.

In 1938, the five-year split in Rio de Janeiro football over the dispute between professionalism and amateurism was resolved with the merger of the two competing leagues (Flamengo had been a member of the professional LCF - Liga Carioca de Football). In 1939, after twelve years without winning any titles, Flamengo conquered the state championship with a team that would become the basis of the three-time state champions in the 1940s.

In 1941, the group played its first international competition, the Hexagonal Tournament of Argentina.[16] In 1942, the first organized supporters group in all of Brazil, Charanga Rubro-Negra, was founded in support of Flamengo.[17] Flamengo's popularity grew incidentally during World War II when Brazil's allies, the United States, installed two high-powered antennas in Natal and Belém in the north of Brazil to intercept enemy radio signals.[13] They also allowed residents in the North and Northeast regions to receive the radio broadcasts of football matches. As Rio de Janeiro was the national capital at the time and Flamengo was highly successful in the war years with Zizinho and Domingos da Guia, nationwide support increased. In 1944, Flamengo completed their first tricampeonato Carioca: three consecutive Rio de Janeiro state titles (winning the 1942, 1943, and 1944 competitions).[18] The key player of this squad was Zizinho, a player developed at Flamengo and considered the first ever "idol" of the club. Zizinho was transferred to Bangu just before the start of the 1950 World Cup in Brazil, where he scored twice and the Seleção finished runners-up. From 1953 to 1955, Flamengo once again won the Rio de Janeiro State League three consecutive times.[18]

Zico and the world champions (1974–1983)[edit]

Flamengo won their 18th Campeonato Carioca state championship in 1978. The following five years would come to represent the club's most glorious era. Brazilian stars like Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become state champions three times in a row - the club's third tri-championship. This run of sustained excellent play pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. As national champions, the club qualified to play in the South American continental tournament, the 1981 Copa Libertadores, for the first time.

The 1981 season is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history.[19] They advanced through the semi-final group stage of the Copa Libertadores with four victories in four matches.[20] In the final they encountered Chilean club Cobreloa, also a debutante club in the tournament. In the first final at the Maracanã, Flamengo prevailed (2–1) with two goals from Zico. In the National Stadium in Santiago the following week, the Brazilian team received a violent reception on the field and fell 1–0 from a free kick.[21][22] Equal on goals, a third match was played at the neutral venue of the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo.[22] Zico scored twice in the first half, sealing the game and the championship. Flamengo were crowned champions of South America on November 23 and qualified for the Intercontinental Cup, a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool F.C..

On December 13, 1981, Zico, Tita, and Nunes took the field for the most important match in the club's history. Two goals by Nunes and one by Adílio (all in the first half) along with a brilliant midfield performance by Zico earned Flamengo the title of first Brazilian World Champions since Pelé's Santos, shutting out Liverpool 3–0.[23]

The following two years were also marked with success. One more Rio de Janeiro State Championship in 1981 and two back-to-back Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed Flamengo's "Golden Age."[24]

National success and the return of Zico (1984–1994)[edit]

Zico played for Flamengo from 1971 to 1983 and 1985–89, setting several records for the club.

After spending two years in Italy playing for Udinese, Zico returned to Flamengo in 1986 and won his last state championship. Only one month after returning, he suffered a severe knee injury after a violent tackle from Bangu defender Marcio Nunes, which interrupted his career for several months and affected his form in the 1986 FIFA World Cup.

In 1987, Zico was a major contributor to Flamengo's victory in the first edition of the Copa União. That year, the CBF was experiencing serious financial and institutional crises and was unable to secure sponsorship to organize the national championship as in years prior. As a result, the thirteen biggest clubs in Brazil (which included Flamengo) reacted and created a new entity named the Club of 13 to organize a championship of their own. The CBF originally supported the decision by the Club of 13, but were pressured by other clubs to create a larger national tournament. As a result, CBF placed three additional clubs into the Copa União, regarded the Copa União as the "Green Module," and organized a second "Yellow Module" of 16 other teams. CBF then decided that for the 1987 Brazilian Championship, the winners and runners-up of both modules would face each other in a knockout-style cup to determine the national champion and qualification for the Copa Libertadores, although this decision was made after the beginning of the championship, without Club of 13 agreement. With strong performances from Zico, Zé Carlos, Renato Gaúcho and Bebeto, Flamengo conquered the Copa União with major victories over Internacional and Atlético Mineiro. However, there was a dispute over whether Flamengo and Internacional of the Green Module would dispute the quadrangular against Sport Recife and Guarani of the Yellow Module. The Club of 13 clubs had agreed to not participate in the final set up by the CBF, since it was decided while the matches were already being played, but Eurico Miranda, a representative of Vasco, Flamengo's archi-rival and member of the Club of 13, had already signed an agreement with CBF regarding the final, without the board consent. Flamengo still did not participate in the final under the understanding that it would only determine the entrants of the Copa Libertadores and not the Brazilian national champion.[25] CBF officially recognized Sport as the sole champion in 1987 and they qualified to the Copa Libertadores. In 2011, CBF retroactively declared Flamengo champion of 1987.[26] However, Sport later appealed the decision to a Common Justice Tribunal, which is prohibited by FIFA, and CBF ultimately declared Sport as the sole champion of that year, pending appeals from Flamengo, all of which were unsuccessful, and a few years later Sport was officially declared as the champion of the 1987 season.[27][28]

Throughout his career at Flamengo, Zico scored 508 goals and was the top scorer in club history before retiring in 1990.[29]

Even without its biggest star, the early years of the post-Zico era were successful for Flamengo. They achieved national victory in the second edition of the Copa do Brasil in 1990, defeating Goiás in the finals. In 1992, Flamengo won their fifth Campeonato Brasileiro, defeating Botafogo across two legs in the final (3–0, 2–2). The team's key player was again Júnior at 38 years old.

End of title drought (2006–2018)[edit]

Adriano celebrating a goal for Flamengo. In 2009 he finished as joint top-scorer in Série A with 19 goals.

In 2006, Flamengo reached the Copa do Brasil final for a fifth time, finally managing to conquer the title after losing three previous finals, this time beating rivals Vasco da Gama. From 2007 to 2009 Flamengo completed their fifth tricampeonato in the Campeonato Carioca, and became sole owners of the record for most Carioca titles with 31 (Fluminense had 30 at the time).

On 9 March 2007, Flamengo received a commemorative date on the Rio de Janeiro official calendar. Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho declared 17 November (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".

In the 2007 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Flamengo won many games at home, avoided the relegation zone and climbed to second place before being defeated by Náutico 1–0 in the final round and ultimately ending the season third. This marked a dramatic improvement in league outcome from previous seasons. Flamengo finished fifth the following year, and in 2009 despite being in tenth place in midseason, Flamengo won the league after seventeen years. With this victory Flamengo became five-time Campeonato Brasileiro Série A champions, seventeen seasons after their last title in 1992.[30] The 2009 championship team finished the season with 67 points, the lowest winning point total in Brazil since the current league format was established in 2003. Flamengo were champions despite spending only two rounds at the top of the league: the final two. The title was won after a dramatic 2–1 comeback victory against Grêmio in the final round.

Ronaldinho celebrates scoring for Flamengo in February 2011.

International success continued to elude Flamengo through the 21st century. After finishing runners-up in the 2001 Copa Mercosur to San Lorenzo on penalties, the club made the quarter-finals only one time in their following twelve competitions (both Copa Libertadores and Copa Sudamericana).

In 2007, the club was eliminated from the Libertadores by Uruguayan minnows Defensor Sporting 3–2 on aggregate.[31] In 2008, in Flamengo's first official tournament tie against a club from Mexico, they defeated Club América 4–2 in the Estadio Azteca before losing polemically 3–0 at home and being eliminated in the Copa Libertadores round of 16; the second leg was also manager Joel Santana's final match with the club.[32][33]

Flamengo experienced a poor run in Série A from 2010 to 2015, finishing better than tenth only once. Following the success of 2009, the club gambled on winning several titles and signed striker Vágner Love to form a pair with Adriano. The dream of repeating as state champions four times in a row was foiled by Botafogo in 2010. After narrowly qualifying out of the group stage in the Copa Libertadores, manager Andrade was still fired. In their first quarter-final appearance since 1993, after disposing of Corinthians, Flamengo were eliminated by Universidad de Chile on away goals. Shortly after, Vágner Love and Adriano left the team. A series of coaching changes during the troublesome domestic league saw Flamengo survive relegation, avoiding defeat in their final nine matches, and claim the final berth to the Copa Sudamericana under manager Vanderlei Luxemburgo.

The blockbuster signing of 2011 was 30-year-old superstar Ronaldinho from A.C. Milan. He was joined by Argentine Darío Bottinelli and Fluminense idol Thiago Neves. Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca outright in an undefeated campaign, but captured no other trophies that season: eliminations in the Copa do Brasil by Ceará, a heavy 5–0 loss in the Sudamericana by Universidad de Chile, and a fourth-place finish in the league left fans feeling that a strong roster had been squandered. The season saw the retirement of Serbian club idol Dejan Petković as well. In 2012 Ronaldinho sued Flamengo claiming lack of payment for four months and canceled his contract with the club,[34] Thiago Neves returned to Fluminense after a drawn-out negotiation with contract-holders Al-Hilal, and defender Alex Silva was loaned to Cruzeiro after threatening Flamengo with a lawsuit. Vágner Love and Ibson returned for a 2012 campaign that yielded no trophies and a group-stage exit from the Copa Libertadores.

At the end of 2012, Flamengo elected Eduardo Bandeira de Mello as club president for three years. The goal of his term was to improve the club's finances, after an independent audit assessed Flamengo's debt at R$750 million.[35] After a typical series of managerial changes, Jayme de Almeida was appointed as interim manager during which he fought off relegation and won the 2013 Copa do Brasil final against Atlético Paranaense. It was Flamengo's third Copa title, after 1990 and 2006.

Flamengo's Copa do Brasil title-defense fell short to Atlético Mineiro in the semi-final. However, by 2014, Flamengo was the only club that successfully reduced their debt over the year (down to R$600 million) and recorded the highest annual profit.[36] In 2015 after an inconsistent start to the Carioca and national league seasons, multiple managers were dismissed and Flamengo failed to qualify for the Libertadores. However, Flamengo had signed Paolo Guerrero and Ederson and were the most valuable club in Brazil with debt now reduced to R$495 million.[37] As a result, president Bandeira was re-elected. The club signed fan-favorite Diego in the mid-season and mounted a strong campaign, but could not catch Palmeiras in 2016.[38]

2017 was characterized as the year Flamengo played two major finals at the end of the season but failed to win either. After going undefeated in the 2017 Campeonato Carioca, they were eliminated in the Copa Libertadores group stage, failing to win a single match away from home but qualifying for the Copa Sudamericana in third place. In the Copa do Brasil, the club reached the final where they lost in a penalty shootout to Cruzeiro. Less than three months later, they reached an unprecedented Copa Sudamericana final. They lost away to Independiente and drew at home 1–1, losing the title. After the match, a group of Flamengo supporters rioted outside the hotel where Independiente were staying. CONMEBOL punished the club with two closed-door home matches in the following Copa Libertadores.[39] In the league, the club finished sixth and qualified for the following year's Libertadores.

Nine years after their last Campeonato Brasileiro victory, Flamengo made a title run but fell just short. In 2018 they spent the most rounds as league leader (thirteen) and broke their points record from 2016 (72), but finished runners-up behind Palmeiras. In the Libertadores they finished runner-up behind eventual champion River Plate and qualified to the round of 16, where they were eliminated by Cruzeiro. That season, the club recorded their two highest outgoing transfer fees in history: 18-year-old winger Vinícius Júnior[40] moved to Real Madrid in July for €46 million, and 20-year-old midfielder Lucas Paquetá[41][42] transferred to A.C. Milan for a reported €35 million at the end of the year. Both were products of Flamengo's youth academy.

New glory (2019–present)[edit]

2019 season[edit]

On the morning of 8 February 2019 a fire erupted at Flamengo's Ninho do Urubu training center, popular name for Centro de Treinamento George Helal (Vulture's Nest training center) (Flamengo training ground fire).[43][44][45] The fire resulted in the deaths of ten academy players between the ages of 14 and 17 training with the club. Three others were injured. The cause of the fire was a malfunctioning air-conditioning unit that caught fire in the room of one of the victims close to 5:00 am. President Rodolfo Landim described it as "the worst tragedy the club has ever experienced in its 123 years."[46] The governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro declared a three-day period of mourning following the tragedy.[47] Since then, Flamengo fans sing in memory of those kids, usually referred to as the "Garotos do Ninho". It happens every tenth minute of Flamengo home games, since 10 kids died in the tragedy.

2019 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A trophy.

The 2019 season marked the most successful one in the club's footballing history. At the end of 2018, Rodolfo Landim was elected club president for a three-year term. Flamengo paid the most expensive incoming transfer fee for a player in Brazilian football history, signing Giorgian de Arrascaeta[48] from Cruzeiro for R$63 million (€14.5 million). In January the club signed forward Bruno Henrique from Santos and secured the loan of striker Gabriel Barbosa from Inter Milan.[49][50]

After advancing out of the Copa Libertadores group stage, manager Abel Braga resigned and Flamengo hired Portuguese manager Jorge Jesus.[51][52] Europe-based players Rafinha, Filipe Luís, Pablo Marí and Gerson were added to play alongside Flamengo's other record signings.[53][54] After qualifying to their first Copa Libertadores semi-final since 1984, Flamengo defeated Grêmio 5–0 in their home leg at the Maracanã to advance their first Copa Libertadores final since 1981. For the first time in Copa Libertadores history, the final was played as a single match in a neutral venue. On 23 November 2019, at the Estadio Monumental in Lima, Peru against defending champions River Plate, Flamengo trailed 0–1 in the final minutes before Gabriel scored twice to secure the 2–1 victory.[55]

Less than 24 hours later, Flamengo became champions of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A for the first time since 2009 with four matches in hand after a loss by Palmeiras to Grêmio in the 34th round. Flamengo became only the second Brazilian club to win their state championship (2019 Campeonato Carioca), Campeonato Brasileiro, and Copa Libertadores in the same season, after Pelé's 1962 Santos team. Flamengo's 2019 campaign under Jorge Jesus' leadership broke a number of records in the Campeonato Brasileiro's 20-team double round-robin era (2006–present): most points (90), most wins (28), most goals scored (86), best goal differential (+49), longest undefeated streak (24 matches), most points clear of runners-up (16) and most goals by a single player (25 from Gabriel Barbosa).[56]

Flamengo participated in the FIFA Club World Cup for the first time in the club's history in 2019 in Qatar. The club defeated Al Hilal SFC 3–1 in the semi-final, but lost 0–1 to Liverpool in the final.[57]

2020 season[edit]

After winning the revived Supercopa do Brasil against Athletico Paranaense, then the Recopa Sudamericana against Copa Sudamericana champions Independiente del Valle, and the 2020 Campeonato Carioca, in July 2020 Jorge Jesus departed from Flamengo to return to Benfica, having won five titles in Brazil. Jesus's successor was former Pep Guardiola assistant Domènec Torrent, but his tenure was brief and he was replaced with Rogério Ceni in November 2020. Ceni led Flamengo to a second consecutive Campeonato Brasileiro championship, finishing one point ahead of Internacional.

2021 season[edit]

In 2021 Ceni led Flamengo to a third consecutive Campeonato Carioca, but was released after four losses in Flamengo's first ten Campeonato Brasileiro Série A matches. The club signed Renato Gaúcho as manager, who brought strong results in league play and took Flamengo back to the Copa Libertadores Final against Palmeiras, but lost 2–1 in extra time on 27 November 2021.[58] He and the club parted ways after.

2022 season[edit]

In 2022, after a difficult start to the year under manager Paulo Sousa (runners-up in the Campeonato Carioca and Supercopa do Brasil), Dorival Júnior returned to Flamengo and brought another wave of glory. The team advanced to the finals of the Copa do Brasil against Corinthians. In the second leg in the Maracanã, tied 1–1 on aggregate, Flamengo were victorious in the penalty shootout with Rodinei scoring the winner. This was Flamengo's fourth Copa do Brasil championship and first since 2013. Later that month on 29 October 2022, Flamengo faced Athletico Paranaense in Guayaquil, Ecuador for the final of the Copa Libertadores. Gabriel Barbosa scored the only goal of the match and Flamengo claimed their second Copa Libertadores in four years, and third overall.[59]

Team image[edit]


Flamengo's crest has changed slightly throughout the club's history. Most of the changes has been changes to the interlocked letters monogram, with the latest redesign being unveiled in 2018.[60]

The club uses three crests in different situations: the full crest is used as the club's official logo, the rowing crest is used for all rowing related uniforms and equipment, and the white "CRF" monogram is typically the only component of the crest worn on the primary football uniform. It remarkably resembles the "RFC" monogram traditionally used by Scottish club Rangers F.C..

Beginning in 1980, Flamengo wore three white stars aligned vertically along the side of their monogram crest to indicate their three state league tri-championships (1942–43–44, 1953–54–55, and 1978–79–79 Special).[61] When Nike became Flamengo's kit provider in 2000, their first kit featured the full shield crest with three stars above it for the first time. After the fourth state league tri-championship (1999-2000-2001) and to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the 1981 Copa Libertadores and Intercontinental Cup championships, a fourth white star and a gold star were introduced above the crest. Since 2005 the club uses only the gold star above the "CRF" monogram crest on their shirts.

Club's crest
Club's crest
Rowing crest
Rowing crest


At the 1895 meeting which established the Flamengo rowing club, the club's official colors were decided as blue and gold to symbolized the sky of Rio de Janeiro and the riches of Brazil.[62] The team adopted a uniform of thick blue and gold horizontal stripes. However Flamengo failed to win a single regatta in their first year and gained the nickname of "bronze club." The team colors were perceived as bad luck, and the colored fabric was expensive to import from England. One year after the club's establishment, the official colors were replaced with the current red and black.

In 1912, at the request of the Flamengo rowing team (who opposed the use of their same uniform by the newly established football team), the football players dressed in shirts divided into red and black quarters which became known as the papagaio de vintém uniform, named after a particular style of kite. However the shirt became synonymous with bad luck and was replaced in 1913 by a shirt with red and black horizontal stripes and thinner white bands. This uniform was nicknamed the cobra coral due to its similarity to the pattern of a coral snake. This was the uniform worn when Flamengo won their first Campeonato Carioca title in 1914. The white bands were removed from the shirt in 1916 as the pattern was very similar to the flag of Germany at the time, who Brazil was allied against in World War I. The rowing team permitted the football team to use their same uniform, and Flamengo's traditional football uniform of a red and black striped shirt, white shorts and red-black socks was born.[63]

In 1938, Flamengo manager Dori Kruschner suggested the creation of a secondary white uniform to "improve the visibility in night matches." The new uniform was approved by the club, and Flamengo became a pioneer of secondary uniforms in Brazil. The white shirt had two red and black stripes across the chest until 1979 when it was changed to a plain white chest with stripes on the sleeves. This was the shirt worn by the team that won the 1981 Intercontinental Cup.[63]

Beginning in the 1990s the club began to experiment with their second and third alternative uniforms, sometimes wearing all black or all red shirts.[64] In 1995 for the club's centenary, a "papagaio de vintém" shirt was worn in friendlies.[63] In 2010 uniform supplier Olympikus introduced a blue and gold alternative uniform which paid homage to Flamengo's original colors and regatta uniform, however it was not well received by fans who likened it to the uniform worn by the fictional satirical team "Tabajara" on the popular comedy program Casseta & Planeta Urgente.[62][65] In the first half of the 2009 season, the team wore a uniform without sponsorship for the first time in 25 years.[63] Flamengo have continued to traditionally wear red and black striped shirts with white shorts as their primary uniform.

Traditional primary uniform
Traditional secondary uniform
2015 "papagaio de vintém" kit
2010 blue and gold alternative kit

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors[edit]

The following is a list of Flamengo's sponsors and uniform suppliers.[66][67][68]

Uniform deals[edit]

Uniform supplier Period Contract
Value Notes
13 years Undisclosed
7 years Undisclosed
6 July 2000
6 July 2000 – 30 June 2009 (9 years) Undisclosed [97][98]
27 May 2008
1 July 2009 – 30 March 2013 (5 years) Total R$170 million [99][100]
20 December 2012
1 May 2013 – 30 April 2023 (10 years) Total US$175.24 million [101][102]
18 January 2022
18 January 2022 – 30 April 2025 (4 years) Total R$276 million [103]

Scarlet-Black Nation[edit]

Flamengo supporters at Maracanã stadium.

Since the early 1990s, surveys have shown that Flamengo is consistently the most supported club in Brazil with an estimated more than 40 million fans. In a 2019 survey, 20 percent of adult football fans in Brazil consider themselves supporters of Flamengo, with high levels of support in all states of the country, including the North and Northeast regions, in addition to Rio de Janeiro. Flamengo supporters are known as Nação Rubro-Negra (en: Scarlet-Black Nation).

The first organized supporters group in all of Brazil, Charanga Rubro-Negra (Scarlet-Black Charanga Band), was founded in support of Flamengo in 1942.[17] Since then, a large number of additional organized supporters groups have formed around Flamengo, notably Torcida Jovem-Fla (Young-Fla), Urubuzada (Vultures), Flamanguaça (FlaBooze), and Raça Rubro-Negra (Scarlet-Black Race).

In 2007 Flamengo supporters were declared as part of the cultural heritage of the city of Rio de Janeiro, along with bossa nova and Bola Preta, the oldest Carnival block in Rio.[104]

In the 1983 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A final, Flamengo played against Santos in the Maracanã in front of an official crowd of 155,523 with some estimates of over 160,000 people in attendance.

The largest attendance for a football match in the world's history was the derby between Flamengo and Fluminense in 1963, with 194,603 spectators. Flamengo matches in the Maracanã have broken the 150,000 attendance mark thirteen times.

In July 2020, their YouTube channel FLATV passed Liverpool F.C. as the club with the third-most subscriptions for a soccer channel only behind Barcelona and Real Madrid.[citation needed] Flamengo's channel reached over 5 million subscriptions.[citation needed]


Samuca, Flamengo's mascot vulture, in a statue at the entrance of the club's headquarters in Lagoa

Flamengo's first mascot was Popeye the Sailor Man, a comic book and cartoon character in the 1940s. The idea for the mascot came from Argentine cartoonist Lorenzo Molas, who saw in Popeye the strength and persistence of Flamengo, in addition to its obvious connection with the sea. However, such a mascot was never very popular among the club's supporters.

In the 1960s, rival fans began to call Flamengo fans urubus (English: "vultures"), a racist allusion to the large mass of Afro-descendant and poor Scarlet-Black supporters. Such an offensive nickname was never well received by Flamengo fans, until May 31, 1969.[105] It was on a Sunday, when a Scarlet-Black fan decided to take the bird to a game between Flamengo and Botafogo at Maracanã. At the time, the two clubs were playing the classic with the greatest post-Garrincha rivalry. And Flamengo hadn't beaten the rival for four years. In the stands, Botafogo fans shouted, as always, that Flamengo was a urubu team.[105]

The vulture was released in the stands with a flag stuck to its feet and, when it fell on the lawn, just before the game started, the crowd cheered and shouted: É urubu, é urubu. (English: "it's a vulture, it's a vulture"). Flamengo won the game 2-1 and, from there, the new mascot was consecrated, taking Popeye's place. The cartoonist Henfil, Scarlet-Black, tried to humanize him in his sports cartoons in newspapers and magazines, and the Urubu became a popular mascot.[105]

In 2000, Flamengo's mascot received an official design and a name: Samuca.[106] However, this name did not become popular among the supporters, who continue to call him simply Urubu.

On May 25, 2008, Uruba and Urubinha debuted at Maracanã in a match between Flamengo and Internacional, valid for the 2008 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. Since then, they have been present in several Flamengo games and events.[107][108]


Flamengo has two anthems: the official one, called Hymno Rubro-Negro (English: "Scarlet-Black Anthem"), which was created in 1920 with lyrics and music by Paulo Magalhães (former goalkeeper of the club), recorded in 1932 by singer Castro Barbosa and registered in 1937 at the Instituto Nacional de Música, with the refrain "Flamengo! Flamengo! Tua glória é lutar, Flamengo! Flamengo! Campeão de terra e mar" (in English: "Flamengo! Flamengo! Your glory is to fight, Flamengo! Flamengo! Champion of land and sea"); and the popular one, with lyrics and music by Lamartine Babo, recorded for the first time by Gilberto Alves in 1945. The latter is the best known and the one that sings the glories of the club, whose refrain is "Uma vez Flamengo, sempre Flamengo" (English: "Once you are Flamengo, always Flamengo").[109]


Rua Paysandu[edit]

Flamengo's first official home ground was the Estádio da Rua Paysandu ("Paysandu Street Stadium"). The ground formerly belonged to Paissandu Atlético Clube before they ceased playing football in 1914. The owners of the ground rented the field to Flamengo where they played their home matches from 1915 to 1932.[110] Between 1912 and 1915 (and later between 1932 and 1938), the club played all their matches on the grounds of Botafogo or Fluminense. The first Flamengo match at Rua Paysandu was played on October 31, 1915, in the Campeonato Carioca against Bangu. Crowds of 15,000 watched Flamengo face Fluminese at the park in 1918 and 1919.

Estádio da Gávea[edit]

Estádio da Gávea

Flamengo's home stadium is nominally the Estádio da Gávea (officially named the Estádio José Bastos Padilha at Flamengo's Gávea Headquarters), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938, and has a capacity of 4,000 people. The stadium is named after José Bastos Padilha, Flamengo's president at the time of the stadium's construction, from 1933 to 1937. Even though Flamengo no longer play their matches at Gávea, the site serves as the club's administrative headquarters. Since the 1990s, the stadium has been used almost exclusively for the club's youth and women's teams' matches, and as the training ground for the senior team. Most matches are played at the significantly larger Maracanã Stadium, considered by supporters as the real Flamengo home ground.[111] Gávea Stadium is not actually located in the neighborhood of Gávea but rather in Leblon.

During the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the Dutch National Team used the Estádio da Gávea and all of its facilities as their training ground in preparation for the competition.[112]


Inside view of Maracanã

Since its construction for the 1950 World Cup, the Maracanã has primarily served as the home ground for the four biggest Rio de Janeiro clubs. The stadium was officially completed in 1965, 17 years after construction began. In 1963, more than 194,000 people attended a match between Flamengo and Fluminense at the Maracanã. The capacity of the stadium allowed Flamengo to have the largest support of any clubs in Brazil for much of the 20th century.[113][114] In 1989 Zico scored his final goal in the historic stadium, setting the current unbroken record for goals in the Maracanã at 333. An upper stand in the stadium collapsed on July 19, 1992, in the second match of the finals of 1992 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A between Botafogo and Flamengo, leading to the death of three spectators and injuring 50 others.[115] Following the disaster, the stadium's capacity was greatly reduced as it was converted to an all-seater stadium in the late 1990s. Following its 50th anniversary in 2000, the stadium underwent renovations which would increase its full capacity to around 103,000. After years of planning and nine months of closure between 2005 and 2006 (during which Flamengo played their home matches at Volta Redonda's Estádio Raulino de Oliveira and Portuguesa's Estádio Luso Brasileiro), the stadium was reopened in January 2007 with an all-seated capacity of 87,000. For the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics and Paralympics, a major reconstruction project was initiated in 2010. The original seating bowl, with a two-tier configuration, was demolished, giving way to a new one-tier seating bowl.[116]

The stadium is officially under the management of Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht as of 2013.[117] This has resulted in unfavorable rental agreements for Flamengo who do not officially administer the stadium and often owe rental fees for matches in excess of their ticket revenue, even for matches with high attendance.[118] The most recent rental agreement was signed in 2018 and is valid through 2020. In April 2019, Flamengo and Fluminense came to an agreement with the state and the operators of the Maracanã to serve as joint-managers of the venue for the following six months, a deal which allowed the clubs to pay a fixed monthly fee and receive a higher share of matchday revenue than was granted under the previous deal.[119]

Ilha do Urubu[edit]

Ilha do Urubu

In 2017, Flamengo played their home matches at the Estádio Luso Brasileiro of Portuguesa while disputing their stadium situation with the Rio de Janeiro state government and Complexo Maracanã Entretenimento S.A. (composed of Odebrecht, IMX, AEG), the operator of the Maracanã Stadium.[120] A three-year agreement was signed with Portuguesa over management of Estádio Luso Brasileiro, named Ilha do Urubu ("Vulture's Island") by Flamengo supporters in a poll.[121] The park was renovated to fit 20,500 spectators. Flamengo started playing at the arena in March 2017,[122] but after several delays and administrative issues and a new contract with the Maracanã, Flamengo broke their lease with the Ilha do Urubu in July 2018.[123]


Rivalry with Botafogo[edit]

The match became known as the Clássico da Rivaldade (English: "Rivalry Classic") in the 1960s, is the traditional Brazilian derby between Botafogo and Flamengo, both from Rio de Janeiro.The first confrontation between Rio de Janeiro rivals Flamengo and Botafogo occurred in 1913. Flamengo's mascot of the vulture originated during the June 1, 1969, match against Botafogo when Flamengo supporters released a vulture onto the field in response to the racist cheers of urubu (vulture) from Botafogo and other teams' supporters.[124] Flamengo's top scorer in the derby is Zico and Botafogo's top scorer is Heleno de Freitas.

Rivalry with Fluminense[edit]

Paolo Guerrero in a 2016 Campeonato Carioca game between Flamengo and Fluminense

The Fla-Flu or Clássico das Multidões (English: "Derby of the Crowds") is the traditional Brazilian derby between Flamengo and Fluminense, both from Rio de Janeiro. It is considered by football experts and much of the sports media as one of the greatest classics in the world. According to writer Nelson Rodrigues, the classic was generated by resentment. On the tricolor side, the fact that their starting players deserted and went to form Flamengo's football department, and on the red-black side, the fact that Fluminense still won the first match, circumstances that would have been fundamental in generating the derby mystique.[125][126]

The rivalry between these two clubs began in October 1911, when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense left their club and joined rowing club of Flamengo, establishing the football department at their new club. The first Fla–Flu ever was played the following year on July 7. Fluminense won the match 3–2, with 800 people in attendance.[127]

Over time Flamengo and Fluminense became powerhouses of Brazilian football, although with common origins, the clubs became very distinct and in some cases antagonistic. Soon Flamengo became the most popular team in Brazil, with fans mainly in the working and lower classes across the country. While Fluminense becomes a club linked to the rich class of Rio de Janeiro, especially in the south of the city.

In 1950, the Maracanã stadium was built to host the FIFA World Cup, although the four big clubs of Rio de Janeiro play in the stadium, Flamengo and Fluminense are the teams that played the most matches there and currently manage the stadium, which belongs to the state of Rio de Janeiro. The Fla-Flu holds the world record for attendance in games between clubs: 194,603 spectators were present at the Maracanã stadium, in the final of the 1963 Campeonato Carioca, won by Flamengo after a goalless draw.[128]

Flamengo and Fluminense are the two most successful team in the Campeonato Carioca: as of 2023 Flamengo have 37 state league titles and Fluminense have 33.[129] Since 2012, Fla-Flu has been considered an Intangible Heritage of Rio de Janeiro, being the only football derby to deserve this honor.[130]

Rivalry with Vasco da Gama[edit]

Game between Flamengo and Vasco da Gama in 2018

The Clássico dos Milhões (English: "Derby of Millions") is the traditional Brazilian derby between Flamengo and Vasco da Gama, both from Rio de Janeiro. It is considered one of the biggest rivalries in Brazilian football and in football worldwide. The derby's name originated in the 1920s and refers to the two largest fanbases in the state of Rio de Janeiro.[131] Both clubs were established in the late 19th century as regatta rowing clubs. The first football match between the clubs was played in 1923 when Vasco entered the top division of the Campeonato Carioca.

From the 1972 to 2001, the matchup was elevated as the most important of Flamengo's rivalries and became one of the biggest rivalries in all of Brazil. In this span, Flamengo and Vasco played in or won the final of each of the phases of the state championship nearly every year, frequently facing one another. This also coincided with the beginnings of the national Campeonato Brasileiro and the growth in popularity of both clubs nationwide. The most iconic matches between Flamengo and Vasco featured the idols of both clubs challenging each other: Zico of Flamengo (1971–83; 85–89) and Roberto Dinamite of Vasco da Gama (1971–79; 80–93).

Some of the great players in Brazilian football played for both teams, and with hectic transfers in the 1980s and 1990s. Bebeto revealed by Flamengo, was seen as Zico's successor, but left the red-black team and went to play for Vasco in 1989. Romário revealed for Vasco's youth teams, when he returned to Brazil in 1995, recently champion of the 1994 FIFA World Cup and elected best player of the year by FIFA, he chose to play for Flamengo. Other players like Andrade, Edmundo, Felipe, Jean, Jorginho, Juninho Paulista, Petković and Tita.

Interstate Rivalries[edit]

Rivalry with Atlético Mineiro[edit]

Flamengo has an inter-state rivalry with Atlético Mineiro of Minas Gerais, developed in the 1980s from numerous controversial encounters between the two clubs in that decade's Campeonato Brasileiro and Copa Libertadores editions. It maintained its high intensity through the following years, and is considered one of the biggest interstate rivalries in Brazilian football.[132][133][134]


First team squad[edit]

As of 12 April 2024

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Argentina ARG Agustín Rossi
2 DF Uruguay URU Guillermo Varela
3 DF Brazil BRA Léo Ortiz
4 DF Brazil BRA Léo Pereira
5 MF Chile CHI Erick Pulgar
6 DF Brazil BRA Ayrton Lucas
7 FW Brazil BRA Luiz Araújo
8 MF Brazil BRA Gerson (captain)
9 FW Brazil BRA Pedro
10 FW Brazil BRA Gabriel Barbosa (3rd captain)
11 FW Brazil BRA Everton
14 MF Uruguay URU Giorgian de Arrascaeta (vice-captain)
15 DF Brazil BRA Fabrício Bruno
No. Pos. Nation Player
17 DF Uruguay URU Matías Viña
18 MF Uruguay URU Nicolás de la Cruz
20 MF Brazil BRA Matheus Gonçalves
21 MF Brazil BRA Allan
22 FW Brazil BRA Carlinhos
23 DF Brazil BRA David Luiz
24 GK Brazil BRA Lucas Furtado
25 GK Brazil BRA Matheus Cunha
27 FW Brazil BRA Bruno Henrique
29 MF Brazil BRA Victor Hugo
33 DF Brazil BRA Cleiton
43 DF Brazil BRA Wesley França
48 MF Brazil BRA Igor Jesus

Youth players with first team numbers[edit]

The following players have previously made appearances or have appeared on the substitutes bench for the first team.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
19 FW Brazil BRA Lorran
26 FW Brazil BRA Werton
35 MF Brazil BRA Rayan Lucas
39 DF Brazil BRA Zé Welinton (on loan from Desportivo Brasil)
40 FW Brazil BRA Felipe Teresa
41 DF Brazil BRA João Pedro Da Mata
44 DF Brazil BRA João Victor Carbone
46 DF Brazil BRA Germano
47 FW Brazil BRA Pedro Estevam
49 GK Brazil BRA Dyogo Alves
50 DF Brazil BRA Diegão
51 DF Brazil BRA Daniel Sales
52 MF Brazil BRA Evertton Araújo
53 DF Brazil BRA Lucyan
54 FW Nigeria NGA Oluwashola Ogundana (on loan from Remo Stars F.C.)
No. Pos. Nation Player
55 MF Brazil BRA Caio Garcia (on loan from Ferroviária)
57 DF Brazil BRA Iago Teodoro
58 MF Brazil BRA Jean Carlos
59 MF Brazil BRA Rodriguinho
60 MF Brazil BRA Luís Aucélio
61 GK Brazil BRA João Vitor
62 MF Brazil BRA Daniel Rogério
64 FW Brazil BRA Wallace Yan
65 FW Brazil BRA Weliton (on loan from Juventude)
66 GK Brazil BRA Caio Barone
67 DF Brazil BRA Victor Thiago
69 FW Brazil BRA Guilherme
70 DF Brazil BRA Victor Thiago
DF Brazil BRA Darlan
MF Brazil BRA João Marcos

Other players under contract[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
28 MF Brazil BRA Daniel Cabral

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
8 MF Brazil BRA Thiago Maia (on loan to Internacional until 31 December 2024)
30 DF Brazil BRA Pablo (on loan to Botafogo until 31 December 2024)
32 FW Brazil BRA Thiaguinho (on loan to Treze until 30 May 2024)
37 FW Brazil BRA Petterson (on loan to Athletico Paranaense until 31 December 2024)
No. Pos. Nation Player
38 FW Brazil BRA André Luiz (on loan to Estrela Amadora until 30 June 2024)
41 DF Brazil BRA Gabriel Noga (on loan to Leixões until 31 July 2024)
45 GK Brazil BRA Hugo Souza (on loan to Chaves until 30 June 2024)

Retired numbers[edit]


Current staff[edit]

As of 9 March 2024.[135]
Position Name
Coaching staff
Head coach Brazil Tite
Assistant head coach Brazil Cléber Xavier
Assistant head coach Brazil Matheus Bachi
Assistant head coach Brazil César Sampaio
Assistant head coach Brazil Diogo Meschine
Goalkeepers trainer Brazil Rogério Maia
Goalkeepers trainer Brazil Thiago Eller
Performance analyst Brazil Lucas Oliveira
Performance analyst Brazil Wellington Sales
Performance analyst Brazil Eduardo Coimbra
Performance analyst Brazil Daniel Motta
Performance analyst Brazil Henrique Américo
Coordinator Brazil Gabriel Andreata
Medical staff
Fitness coach Brazil Fábio Mahseredjian
Health and high performance manager Brazil Marcio Tannure
Doctor Brazil Marcelo Soares
Doctor Brazil Fernando Bassan
Physiotherapist Brazil Mario Peixoto
Physiotherapist Brazil Marcio Puglia
Physiotherapist Brazil Laniyan Neves
Physiotherapist Brazil Alam Santos
Physiotherapist Brazil Fábio Feitosa

Football honours[edit]

Competitions Titles Seasons
Intercontinental Cup 1 1981
Competitions Titles Seasons
Copa Libertadores 3 1981, 2019, 2022
Recopa Sudamericana 1 2020
Copa Mercosur 1 1999
Copa de Oro 1 1996
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 7 1980, 1982, 1983, 1992, 2009, 2019, 2020
Copa do Brasil 4 1990, 2006, 2013, 2022
Supercopa do Brasil 2 2020, 2021
Copa dos Campeões 1 2001
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Carioca[136] 38 1914, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979 (Special), 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2017, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2024
Competitions Titles Seasons
Torneio Rio–São Paulo 1 1961
Taça dos Campeões Estaduais Rio–São Paulo 1 1955


The trophies won by Flamengo, exhibited at the club.


CONMEBOL club coefficient ranking[edit]

As of 18 December 2023[137]
Rank Team Points
1 Brazil Palmeiras 9532.6
2 Argentina River Plate 8934.8
3 Argentina Boca Juniors 8871.7
4 Brazil Flamengo 8103.5
5 Uruguay Nacional 5741.2

Average attendance[edit]

Below is Flamengo's average home match average attendance in Campeonato Brasileiro league matches since the current league format was adopted in 2003.

Season Division Matches Total attendance Avg. attendance Main stadium
2003 Série A 23 253,460 11,020 Maracanã
2004 Série A 23 239,361 10,407 Raulino de Oliveira
2005 Série A 21 286,797 13,657 Arena Petrobras
2006 Série A 19 298,509 15,711 Maracanã
2007 Série A 19 798,285 42,015 Maracanã
2008 Série A 19 830,984 43,736 Maracanã
2009 Série A 19 761,406 40,074 Maracanã
2010 Série A 19 359,955 18,945 Engenhão
2011 Série A 19 371,374 19,546 Engenhão
2012 Série A 19 265,164 13,956 Engenhão
2013 Série A 19 500,650 26,350 Maracanã
2014 Série A 19 575,126 30,270 Maracanã
2015 Série A 19 598,538 31,502 Maracanã
2016 Série A 19 483,781 25,462 Kléber Andrade
2017 Série A 19 314,812 16,569 Ilha do Urubu
2018 Série A 19 936,759 49,303 Maracanã
2019 Série A 19 1,126,406 59,284 Maracanã
2020 Série A 0[a] Maracanã
2021 Série A 9[b] 160,194 17,199 Maracanã
2022 Série A 19 1,037,387 54,599 Maracanã
2023 Série A 19 1.092.515 63,103 Maracanã
Total 380 11,131,269 29,293

Domestic results[edit]

Below are Flamengo's results in domestic competitions since the previous nationwide organized competitions (1959), before the first official Brazilian national championship tournament in 1971.

Domestic results (1959–1970)
Season Pos G W D L GF GA Pts Top league scorer Goals CC CdB
1959 DNQ 6th
1960 DNQ 4th
1961 DNQ 2nd
1962 DNQ 2nd
1963 DNQ 1st
1964 2nd 3rd
1965 DNQ 1st
1966 DNQ 2nd
1967 11th 6th
1968 15th 3rd
1969 16th 2nd
1970 6th 5th
Domestic results (1971–1980)
Season Pos G W D L GF GA Pts Top league scorer Goals CC CdB
1971 14th 4th
1972 12th 1st
1973 24th 2nd
1974 6th 1st
1975 7th 4th
1976 5th 5th
1977 9th 2nd
1978 16th 1st
1979 12th 1st
1980 1st 3rd
Domestic results (1981–1990)
Season Pos G W D L GF GA Pts Top league scorer Goals CC CdB
1981 6th 19 9 7 3 30 19 25 Nunes 16 1st
1982 1st 23 15 6 2 48 27 36 Zico 21 2nd
1983 1st 26 14 7 5 57 30 35 2nd
1984 5th 22 11 7 4 32 20 29 2nd
1985 9th 26 11 8 7 40 23 30 3rd
1986 13th 28 12 8 8 34 19 32 1st
1987 3rd[note 1] 19 9 6 4 22 15 24 2nd
1988 6th 25 11 8 6 32 20 30 2nd
1989 9th 18 6 7 5 16 13 19 2nd SF
1990 11th 19 7 6 6 24 18 20 4th W
Domestic results (1991–2000)
Season Pos G W D L GF GA Pts Top league scorer Goals CC CdB
1991 9th 19 7 5 7 20 24 19 1st DNP
1992 1st 27 12 8 7 44 31 32 2nd DNP
1993 8th 20 6 8 6 23 24 20 3rd SF
1994 14th 25 7 9 9 24 27 23 2nd DNP
1995 21st 23 5 9 9 23 32 24 2nd SF
1996 13th 23 9 3 11 24 31 30 W SF
1997 5th 31 14 8 9 37 32 36 5th RU
1998 11th 23 9 6 8 37 34 33 2nd R16
1999 12th 21 9 2 10 30 33 29 1st QF
2000 15th 24 9 6 9 42 37 33 1st QF
Domestic results (2001–2010)
Season Pos G W D L GF GA Pts Top league scorer Goals CC CdB
2001 24th 27 8 5 14 25 38 29 1st QF
2002 18th 25 8 6 11 38 39 30 8th DNP
2003 8th 46 18 12 16 66 73 66 Edílson 13 3rd RU
2004 17th 46 13 15 18 51 53 54 Dimba 7 1st RU
2005 15th 42 14 13 15 56 60 55 Renato Abreu 12 8th 3R
2006 11th 38 15 7 16 44 48 52 Obina 11 11th W
2007 3rd 38 17 10 11 55 49 61 Ibson, Souza, Juan Maldonado 6 1st DNP
2008 5th 38 18 10 10 67 48 64 Ibson 11 1st DNP
2009 1st 38 19 10 9 58 44 67 Adriano 19 1st QF
2010 14th 38 9 17 12 41 44 44 Dejan Petković, Diego Maurício 5 2nd DNP
Domestic results (2011–2020)
Season Pos G W D L GF GA Pts Top league scorer Goals CC CdB
2011 4th 38 15 16 7 59 47 61 Deivid 15 1st QF
2012 11th 38 12 14 12 39 46 50 Vágner Love 13 3rd DNP
2013 16th 38 12 13 13 43 46 49 Hernane 16 2nd W
2014 10th 38 14 10 14 46 47 52 Eduardo da Silva 8 1st SF
2015 12th 38 15 4 19 45 53 49 Alan Patrick 7 3rd R16
2016 3rd 38 20 11 7 52 35 71 Paolo Guerrero 9 4th 2R
2017 6th 38 15 11 12 49 38 56 Diego Ribas 10 1st RU
2018 2nd 38 21 9 8 59 29 72 Lucas Paquetá 10 3rd SF
2019 1st 38 28 6 4 86 37 90 Gabriel Barbosa 25 1st QF
2020 1st 38 21 8 9 68 48 71 Gabriel Barbosa 14 1st QF
Domestic results (2021–)
Season Pos G W D L GF GA Pts Top league scorer Goals CC CdB
2021 2nd 38 21 8 9 69 36 71 Michael 14 1st SF
2022 5th 38 18 8 12 60 39 62 Gabriel Barbosa, Pedro 11 2nd W
2023 4th 38 19 9 10 56 42 66 Pedro 13 2nd RU
W = Winners; RU = Runners-up; SF = Semi-finals; QF = Quarter-finals; R16 = Round of 16; R32 = Round of 32; 3R = Third round; 2R = Second round; DNQ = Did Not Qualify; DNP = Did Not Participate

International results[edit]

Below are Flamengo's results in official international competitions since the club's first qualification to the Copa Libertadores in 1981. Group stage match results are listed with the home match first.

As of 10 April 2024
Competition Pld W D L GF GA GD Win%
Copa Libertadores 172 98 36 38 332 188 +144 056.98
Copa Sudamericana 24 10 7 7 37 30 +7 041.67
Recopa Sudamericana 4 2 1 1 6 3 +3 050.00
Copa Mercosur 38 18 10 10 72 44 +28 047.37
Supercopa Libertadores 46 21 11 14 60 47 +13 045.65
Copa de Oro 2 2 0 0 5 2 +3 100.00
Intercontinental Cup 1 1 0 0 3 0 +3 100.00
FIFA Club World Cup 4 2 0 2 9 7 +2 050.00
Total 291 154 65 72 524 321 +203 052.92

Defunct competitions

International competitive match results
Season Competition Round Opponent Results Competition result
1981 Copa Libertadores Group stage Brazil Atlético Mineiro 2–2, 2–2, 0–0 (N)* Champions
Paraguay Cerro Porteño 5–2, 4–2
Paraguay Olimpia 1–1, 0–0
Semi-finals Colombia Deportivo Cali 3–0, 1–0
Bolivia Jorge Wilstermann 4–1, 2–1
Finals Chile Cobreloa 2–1 (H), 0–1 (A), 2–0 (N)
Intercontinental Cup Final England Liverpool 3–0 (N) Champions
1982 Copa Libertadores Semi-finals Uruguay Peñarol 0–1, 0–1 Semi-finals
Argentina River Plate 4–2, 3–0
1983 Copa Libertadores Group stage Brazil Grêmio 1–3, 1–1 Group stage
Bolivia Blooming 7–1, 0–0
Bolivia Bolívar 5–2, 1–3
1984 Copa Libertadores Group stage Brazil Santos 4–1, 5–0 Semi-finals
Colombia América de Cali 4–2, 1–1
Colombia Junior 3–1, 2–1
Semi-finals Brazil Grêmio 3–1, 1–5, 0–0 (N)*
Venezuela Universidad de Los Andes 2–1, 3–0
1988 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Estudiantes 1–1 (A), 3–0 (H) Quarter-finals
Quarter-finals Uruguay Nacional 0–3 (A), 0–2 (H)
1989 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Argentinos Juniors 0–1 (H), 1–2 (A) First round
1990 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Argentinos Juniors 1–3 (A), 3–1 (3-4p) (H) First round
1991 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Estudiantes 1–1 (H), 2–0 (A) Quarter-finals
Quarter-finals Argentina River Plate 0–1 (A), 2–1 (3−4p) (H)
Copa Libertadores Group stage Brazil Corinthians 1–1, 2–0 Quarter-finals
Uruguay Bella Vista 1–1, 2–2
Uruguay Nacional 4–0, 1–0
Round of 16 Venezuela Deportivo Táchira 3–2 (A), 5–0 (H)
Quarter-finals Argentina Boca Juniors 2–1 (H), 0–3 (A)
1992 Supercopa Libertadores First round Brazil Grêmio 1–1 (A), 1–0 (H) Semi-finals
Quarter-finals Argentina Estudiantes 1–0 (H), 1–1 (A)
Semi-finals Argentina Racing 3–3 (H), 0–1 (A)
1993 Supercopa Libertadores First round Paraguay Olimpia 0–1 (A), 3–1 (H) Runners-up
Quarter-finals Argentina River Plate 1–2 (A), 1−0 (6−5p) (H)
Semi-finals Uruguay Nacional 2–1 (H), 3–0 (A)
Finals Brazil São Paulo 2–2 (H), 2−2 (3−5p) (A)
Copa Libertadores Group stage Colombia América de Cali 1–3, 1–2 Quarter-finals
Colombia Atlético Nacional 3–1, 1–0
Brazil Internacional 3–1, 0–0
Round of 16 Venezuela Minervén 8–2 (H), 1–0 (A)
Quarter-finals Brazil São Paulo 1–1 (H), 0–2 (A)
1994 Supercopa Libertadores Round of 16 Argentina Estudiantes 0–0 (H), 0–2 (A) Round of 16
1995 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 3–2 (A), 3–0 (H) Runners-up
Quarter-finals Uruguay Nacional 1–0 (A), 1–0 (H)
Semi-finals Brazil Cruzeiro 1–0 (A), 3–1 (H)
Finals Argentina Independiente 0–2 (A), 1–0 (H)
1996 Copa de Oro Semi-finals Argentina Rosario Central 2–1 (N) Champions
Finals Brazil São Paulo 3–1 (N)
Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Independiente 0–0 (A), 1–0 (H) Quarter-finals
Quarter-finals Chile Colo-Colo 1–1 (H), 0–1 (A)
1997 Supercopa Libertadores Group stage Brazil São Paulo 3–2, 0–1 Group stage
Paraguay Olimpia 3–3, 1–0
Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 0–1, 3–0
1998 Copa Mercosul Group stage Paraguay Cerro Porteño 2–0, 3–2 Group stage
Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 2–0, 0–1
Argentina Boca Juniors 0–2, 0–3
1999 Copa Mercosul Group stage Paraguay Olimpia 2–1, 1–3 Champions
Chile Colo-Colo 2–2, 4–0
Chile Universidad de Chile 7–0, 0–2
Quarter-finals Argentina Independiente 1–1 (A), 4–0 (H)
Semi-finals Uruguay Peñarol 3–0 (H), 2–3 (A)
Finals Brazil Palmeiras 4–3 (H), 3–3 (A)
2000 Copa Mercosul Group stage Argentina River Plate 1–2, 1–1 Quarter-finals
Chile Universidad de Chile 2–0, 4–0
Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 2–0, 1–1
Quarter-finals Argentina River Plate 1–2 (H), 3–4 (A)
2001 Copa Mercosul Group stage Uruguay Nacional 2–0, 1–4 Runners-up
Argentina San Lorenzo 2–1, 2–1
Paraguay Olimpia 2–0 (w/o), 2–0
Quarter-finals Argentina Independiente 0–0 (A), 4–0 (H)
Semi-finals Brazil Grêmio 2–2 (H), 0−0 (4−1p) (A)
Finals Argentina San Lorenzo 0–0 (H), 1−1 (3−4p) (A)
2002 Copa Libertadores Group stage Paraguay Olimpia 0–0, 0–2 Group stage
Chile Universidad Católica 1–3, 1–2
Colombia Once Caldas 4–1, 0–1
2003 Copa Sudamericana First stage Brazil Internacional 1–3 (A) First stage
Brazil Santos 0–3 (H)
2004 Copa Sudamericana First stage Brazil Santos 0–0 (A), 2−2 (5−4p) (H) First stage
2007 Copa Libertadores Group stage Bolivia Real Potosí 1–0, 2–2 Round of 16
Venezuela Unión Maracaibo 3–1, 2–1
Brazil Paraná Clube 1–0, 1–0
Round of 16 Uruguay Defensor 0–3 (A), 2–0 (H)
2008 Copa Libertadores Group stage Peru Coronel Bolognesi 2–0, 0–0 Round of 16
Peru Cienciano 2–1, 3–0
Uruguay Nacional 2–0, 0–3
Round of 16 Mexico América 4–2 (A), 0–3 (H)
2009 Copa Sudamericana First stage Brazil Fluminense 0–0 (A)**, 1–1 (H)** First stage
2010 Copa Libertadores Group stage Chile Universidad Católica 2–0, 2–2 Quarter-finals
Venezuela Caracas 3–2, 3–1
Chile Universidad de Chile 2–2, 1–2
Round of 16 Brazil Corinthians 1–0 (H), 1–2 (A)
Quarter-finals Chile Universidad de Chile 2–3 (H), 2–1 (A)
2011 Copa Sudamericana Second stage Brazil Atlético Paranaense 1–0 (H), 1–0 (A) Round of 16
Round of 16 Chile Universidad de Chile 0–4 (H), 0–1 (A)
2012 Copa Libertadores First stage Bolivia Real Potosí 1–2 (A), 2–0 (H) Group stage
Group stage Argentina Lanús 3–0, 1–1
Ecuador Emelec 1–0, 2–3
Paraguay Olimpia 3–3, 2–3
2014 Copa Libertadores Group stage Mexico León 2–3, 1–2 Group stage
Ecuador Emelec 3–1, 2–1
Bolivia Bolívar 2–2, 0–1
2016 Copa Sudamericana Second stage Brazil Figueirense 2–4 (A), 3–1 (H) Round of 16
Round of 16 Chile Palestino 1–0 (A), 1–2 (H)
2017 Copa Libertadores Group stage Argentina San Lorenzo 4–0, 1–2 Group stage
Chile Universidad Católica 3–1, 0–1
Brazil Atlético Paranaense 2–1, 1–2
Copa Sudamericana Second stage Chile Palestino 5–2 (A), 5–0 (H) Runners-up
Round of 16 Brazil Chapecoense 0–0 (A), 4–0 (H)
Quarter-finals Brazil Fluminense 1–0 (A*), 3–3 (H*)
Semi-finals Colombia Junior 2–1 (H), 2–0 (A)
Finals Argentina Independiente 1–2 (A), 1–1 (H)
2018 Copa Libertadores Group stage Argentina River Plate 2–2, 0–0 Round of 16
Ecuador Emelec 2–0, 2–1
Colombia Santa Fe 1–1, 0–0
Round of 16 Brazil Cruzeiro 0–2 (H), 1–0 (A)
2019 Copa Libertadores Group stage Bolivia San José 6–1, 1–0 Champions
Ecuador LDU Quito 3–1, 1–2
Uruguay Peñarol 0–1, 0–0
Round of 16 Ecuador Emelec 0–2 (A), 2–0 (4−2p) (H)
Quarter-finals Brazil Internacional 2–0 (H), 1–1 (A)
Semi-finals Brazil Grêmio 1–1 (A), 5–0 (H)
Final Argentina River Plate 2–1 (N)
FIFA Club World Cup Semi-finals Saudi Arabia Al-Hilal 3–1 (N) Runners-up
Final England Liverpool 0–0 (0–1 a.e.t) (N)
2020 Recopa Sudamericana Final Ecuador Independiente del Valle 2–2 (A), 3–0 (H) Champions
Copa Libertadores Group stage Colombia Junior 3–1, 2–1 Round of 16
Ecuador Independiente del Valle 4–0, 0–5
Ecuador Barcelona 3–0, 2–1
Round of 16 Argentina Racing 1–1 (A), 1–1 (3−5p) (H)
2021 Copa Libertadores Group stage Ecuador LDU Quito 2–2, 3–2 Runners-up
Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 0–0, 3–2
Chile Unión La Calera 4–1, 2–2
Round of 16 Argentina Defensa y Justicia 1–0 (A), 4–1 (H)
Quarter-finals Paraguay Olimpia 4–1 (A), 5–1 (H)
Semi-finals Ecuador Barcelona 2–0 (H), 2–0 (A)
Final Brazil Palmeiras 1–1 (1–2 a.e.t) (N)
2022 Copa Libertadores Group stage Chile Universidad Católica 3–0, 3–2 Champions
Peru Sporting Cristal 2–1, 2–0
Argentina Talleres 3–1, 2–2
Round of 16 Colombia Deportes Tolima 1–0 (A), 8–1 (H)
Quarter-finals Brazil Corinthians 2–0 (A), 1–0 (H)
Semi-finals Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 4–0 (A), 2–1 (H)
Final Brazil Athletico Paranaense 1–0 (N)
2023 FIFA Club World Cup Semi-finals Saudi Arabia Al Hilal 2–3 (N) 3rd place
Third place match Egypt Al Ahly 4–2 (N)
Recopa Sudamericana Final Ecuador Independiente del Valle 0–1 (A), 1–0 (4−5p) (H) Runners-up
Copa Libertadores Group stage Argentina Racing 2–1, 1–1 Round of 16
Ecuador Aucas 2–0, 1–2
Chile Ñublense 2–0, 1–1
Round of 16 Paraguay Olimpia 1–0 (H), 1–3 (A)
2024 Copa Libertadores Group stage Bolivia Bolívar TBD, TBD
Colombia Millonarios TBD, 1–1
Chile Palestino 2–0, TBD

(H) – Home ; (A) – Away; (N) – Neutral
* Tiebreaker match
** Both matches played at the same stadium

Current board of directors[edit]

As of 16 July 2022[138]
Office Name
President Brazil Rodolfo Landim
Vice-president Brazil Marcos Braz
Vice-president of administration Brazil Ricardo Campelo Trevia de Almeida
Vice-president of communications and marketing Brazil Gustavo Carvalho de Oliveira
Vice-president of Olympic sports Brazil Guilherme de Lima Kroll
Vice-president of finance Brazil Rodrigo Tostes Solon de Pontes
Vice-president of Fla-Gávea Brazil Getúlio Brasil Nunes
Vice-president of football Brazil Marcos Teixeira Braz
Vice-president of the presidential cabinet Brazil Marcelo Conti Baltazar
Vice-president of heritage Brazil Artur Rocha Neto
Vice-president of historic heritage Brazil Luis Fernando Fadigas de Almeida
Vice-president of planning Brazil Bernardo Amaral do Amaral
Vice-president of external relations Brazil Adalberto Ribeiro da Silva Neto
Vice-president of rowing Brazil Raul Bagattini
Vice-president of the general secretary Brazil Paulo Cesar dos Santos Pereira Filho
Vice-president of information technology Brazil Alexandre de Souza Pinto

Other sports[edit]

Men's basketball[edit]

Flamengo basketball won the Rio de Janeiro City Championship in 1919 and have since grown to be one of the most successful and supported basketball teams in the country. The club have won six Brazilian Championships, a record 44 Rio de Janeiro State Championships, the 1953 South American Championship of Champions Clubs, and the 2009 South American League.[139]

In 2014, Flamengo won the League of the Americas without a single loss, defeating Pinheiros in the final.[140] This qualified Flamengo to their first Intercontinental Cup against EuroLeague champions Maccabi Tel Aviv. Flamengo won and became the second Brazilian basketball team in history to be world champions.[141] Flamengo, Real Madrid and Barcelona are the only clubs to have won the Intercontinental Cups in both football and basketball.[142]

Flamengo hosted and participated in the 2019 FIBA Intercontinental Cup, falling to BCL champions AEK Athens in the final.


2009, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2018–19, 2020–21
  • Copa Super 8: 2
2018, 2020–21
2014, 2022

Women's football[edit]

Between 1995 and 2001, the Flamengo women's football team competed in the Campeonato Carioca. In 2002 the women's Carioca tournament was not organized, and the club ceased operation of the team. Flamengo attempted to re-established their women's professional football department in 2011 through a partnership with the city of Guarujá where the team trained and hoped to sign Marta, but the team never materialized.[143][144] In 2015 president Eduardo Bandeira de Mello succeeded in establishing the football team through a partnership with the Brazilian Navy. In their first season, the team won the women's Campeonato Carioca state championship and have won it every season from 2015 to 2019. In 2016 Flamengo won the Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol Feminino for the first time against Rio Preto, become the only club outside the state of São Paulo to win the tournament since its creation in 2013.[145] Flamengo also competed in the 2016 and 2017 Copa do Brasil de Futebol Feminino before the cancellation of the competition in favor of the Campeonato Brasileiro.


2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019

Women's basketball[edit]

The Flamengo women's basketball team won back-to-back Brazilian championships in 1954 and 1955. Ten years later with some of the same players, the program won back-to-back Brazilian titles again in 1964 and 1965. Flamengo players Norminha, Angelina, Marlene and Delei were champions of the 1967 Pan American Games in Winnipeg with the Brazil women's national basketball team.

In 1966 Flamengo won the Inter-club Basketball World Championship. The team was led by Angelina, considered one of the best players of her time.[146]


One of the firsts rowing teams of the club, in 1896.

The "Flamengo Regatta Group", later renamed the "Flamengo Regatta Club", was established in 1895 as Flamengo's first ever organized athletic department, forming the basis of the club's history and identity to this day. The first regatta victory came in 1898 in the Nautical Championship of Brazil, and the first title was won in 1900, the Regatta of the IV Centenary of the Discovery of Brazil, for which the club was awarded the Jug Tropon trophy. In 1905 the club won a classic event, the South American Cup. By 1908, Flamengo had already won 43 gold, 126 silver and 141 bronze medals. The success of the rowing club made the team famous even before the founding of the football department in 1911. Great rowers such as Everardo Paes de Lima, Arnaldo Voigt, Alfredo Correia ("Boca Larga"), Ângelo Gammaro ("Angelú") and Antônio Rebello Junior ("Engole Garfo") came through Flamengo, the latter three being considered Brazilian sports heroes for completing the Rio-Santos crossing in 1932.

From 1931 to 1937 Flamengo were seven-time champions of Rio de Janeiro, and were four-time repeat state champions from 1940 to 1943. In 1963 the "Buck era" began, which revolutionized Flamengo rowing. The coach brought in athletes from other states and renovated the club's facilities to better accommodate the boats. Buck coached the Brazil national team, directing the team in several international competitions. In the early 1980s, Flamengo won the state championship and won again in 1992. The club has won the men's Brazil Trophy 10 times, and the female once, in addition to 45 Carioca state titles.

Water polo[edit]

Water polo is the second oldest sport practiced by the club, after rowing. The team played their first game on May 27, 1913, in Rio de Janeiro, and defeated Clube Internacional de Regatas, 3–2. Flamengo only opened its water sports facility in 1965. Prior to that, athletes played and trained in the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon or in the sea. Flamengo's first polo championship in Rio de Janeiro came in 1985 and was the start of a run of nine consecutive championships through 1993. In 1985 the club won the South American Club Championship and the Brazil Trophy (also won four consecutive times). A female water polo team was established in 1987, winning the Brazil Trophy in 1987 and 1991 and the state championship in 1995.

American football[edit]

The club launched their American football team in 2013, forming a partnership with the Rio de Janeiro Emperors. The Emperors were established in 2008 and had previously partnered with Fluminense from 2010 to 2013. The team officially goes by the name of the Flamengo Emperors and compete in the BFA (Brasil Futebol Americano).[147]


Flamengo began playing tennis championships in 1916 and became three-time Rio champions soon after (1916–18), even with their athletes training at other clubs. Until 1932 the club practiced tennis on their football field at the Rua Paysandu. In 1963 the club inaugurated their own facilities and courts. The biggest idol of Flamengo's tennis department is Thomas Koch.


In 2017 the club announced they would be entering the increasingly popular e-sports leagues the following year, beginning with a League of Legends department and eventually establishing a PES team. Because the competitive League of Legends center of Brazil is at the Riot Games studio in São Paulo, Flamengo established a permanent "gaming office" for the team in the city.[148] Flamengo announced that they would not be partnering with an existing team but rather would have their own team. In October 2017 they announced the purchase of Merciless Gaming, a team in the second division of the Brazilian League of Legends championship.[149]

Additional sports departments[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ All matches were played behind closed doors due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil.
  2. ^ Ten home matches were played behind closed doors due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil.
  1. ^ Sport Recife were declared to be the winners of the 1987 Campeonato Brasileiro by the Brazilian Supreme Court. Flamengo won the Copa União, which is regarded as a national title by the Brazilian Football Confederation


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