Clutton is a village and civil parish on the eastern edge of the affluent Chew Valley, close to the Cam Brook river, in the Bath and North East Somerset Council area, within the ceremonial county of Somerset, and straddles both the A37 and A39. It is located 9 miles (14 km) from Bristol and Bath, and 11 miles (18 km) from Wells. Nearby are the villages of Temple Cloud, High Littleton and Chelwood. The town of Midsomer Norton is 5 miles (8 km) away. The parish, which includes the hamlets of Breach and Honey Gaston has a population of 1,602.
Highbury Hill is the site of the earthwork remains of an Iron Age univallate hillfort. It occupies an area of woodland at the end of a narrow ridge. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The 3 hectares (7.4 acres) site lies in an area of woodland at the south eastern end of a narrow ridge with steep slopes around it. There is a 0.5 metres (1.6 ft) outer bank which is 8 metres (26 ft) long with a shallow 8 metres (26 ft) wide ditch. Some Roman silver coins were found at the site in the late 18th century.
There is a long history of coal mining in the village and the surrounding Somerset coalfield, but the mines are no longer working. The mines around Clutton were owned by the Earl of Warwick, who also owned sawmills, quarries, brickworks and agricultural interests. The Earl and his wife, Daisy Greville took a keen interest in the welfare of their miners and built Maynard Terrace a unique row of terrace houses at the edge of the village. The village formerly had a station on the Bristol and North Somerset Railway.
The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council's operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council.
Along with Stanton Drew and Chelwood, Clutton is part of the Clutton ward, which is represented by one councillor on the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.
Bath and North East Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters is in Bath. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Wansdyke District and the City of Bath of the county of Avon. Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Clutton Rural District.
An electoral ward of the same name exists. Although Clutton is the most populous area of the ward it stretches north westerly to Stanton Drew. The total population of this ward taken at the 2011 census was 2,537.
The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of North East Somerset. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It was also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament, prior to Britain leaving the European Union in January 2020, which elected seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.
According to the 2001 Census the Clutton ward (which includes Stanton Drew and Chelwood) had 1,290 residents, living in 483 households, with an average age of 40.3 years. Of these 72% of residents describing their health as 'good', 22% of 16- to 74-year-olds had no qualifications; and the area had an unemployment rate of 2.2% of all economically active people aged 16–74. In the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004, it was ranked at 24,527 out of 32,482 wards in England, where 1 was the most deprived LSOA and 32,482 the least deprived.
The parish church is dedicated to St Augustine of Hippo. It dates from around 1190, but has had several major restorations. The tower is made of red sandstone with diagonal buttresses ending in pinnacles and probably dates from 1726. The tower contains two bells dating from 1734, made by Thomas Bilbie of the Bilbie family. The church is a Grade II* listed building (Historic England. "Church of St. Augustine at Images of England (1320766)". National Heritage List for England.) Two railed tomb enclosures within the Broadribb family plot are also listed as Grade II, (Historic England. "tomb enclosures at Images of England (1320788)". National Heritage List for England.) as are a group of three Broadribb and Purnell monuments. (Historic England. "Group of 3 Broadribb and Purnell monuments at Images of England (1129586)". National Heritage List for England.) The church is currently under a small amount of renovation.
Other Grade II listed buildings
- Historic England. "Church Farmhouse at Images of England (1129545)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Cambrook House at Images of England (1320789)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Cloud Hill Farmhouse at Images of England (1129546)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Railway Inn at Images of England (1129547)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Springwells at Images of England (1320790)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Methodist Church at Images of England (1129548)". National Heritage List for England.
In popular culture
- Amy Woodman (born 1 November 1984), English National Long-jump champion in 2011 and 2012; English indoor long jump champion 2011; USA National Collegiate Champion (NCCA) – Long jump 2011. Woodman lived in Clutton from the age of two years.
- Maisie Williams (born 15 April 1997), English actress known for Game of Thrones. Williams attended Clutton Primary School.
- "Clutton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Highbury Hill". National Monuments Record. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
- Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1-874336-03-2.
- "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- Down, C.G.; A. J. Warrington (2005). The history of the Somerset coalfield. Radstock: Radstock Museum. ISBN 0-9551684-0-6.
- "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2007.
- "Clutton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Ward population 2011". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
- Moore, James; Rice, Roy; Hucker, Ernest (1995). Bilbie and the Chew Valley clock makers. The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8.
- International Association of Athletics Federations – IAAF. Athlete profile – Amy Woodman Archived 21 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Chew Valley Lakes, Somerset, 3 June 2012, profile of Amy Woodman
- The Power of Ten – Athlete profile, Amy Woodman Archived 14 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Bristol Post, This is Bristol, 16 February 2009, Jet-setting Amy clinches UK title". Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- The Bristol Post (23 March 2014). "Bristol teenager Maisie Williams on leaving school at 14 to become star of Game of Thrones". Bristol Post. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1958). The Buildings of England: North Somerset and Bristol. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071013-2.
- ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics LSOA Bath and North East Somerset 020A Clutton". Office for National Statistics 2001 Census. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2006.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clutton, Somerset.|
- Clutton Village website
- Model of Clutton Station
- Clutton Poor Law Union and Workhouse
- "Rural Landscapes Area 6 – Hinton Blewett and Newton St Loe Plateau Lands" (PDF). BANES Environmental Services. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
- Map of Clutton circa 1900