Clydau

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Clydau
CEEglwysClydai.jpg
Clydau parish church
Clydau is located in Pembrokeshire
Clydau
Clydau
Location within Pembrokeshire
Population715 (2011)[1]
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLlanfyrnach
Postcode districtSA35 0
Dialling code01239
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°59′24″N 4°32′56″W / 51.99°N 4.548889°W / 51.99; -4.548889Coordinates: 51°59′24″N 4°32′56″W / 51.99°N 4.548889°W / 51.99; -4.548889

Clydau (sometimes Clydaï or Clydey) is a community and parish[2] in Pembrokeshire, Wales.

Name[edit]

The meaning of the Welsh placename is uncertain, although the church is now dedicated to St. Clydaï, an alleged daughter of Brychan.[3]

History[edit]

During the early Middle Ages, the settlement was the site of Llangeneu ('St Ceneus'),[4] which was accounted one of the seven principal sees of Dyfed despite having no endowment of land.[5]

Cledau (as Cledye) appears on a 1578 parish map of Pembrokeshire.[6]

Josiah Thomas Jones (1799-1873), republican and Welsh nationalist, was born at CwmHir Farm, Clydau. He went on to publish many books and established several newspapers in English and Welsh, including the Aberdare Times.[7]

Settlement[edit]

The settlement consists of a small group of properties around the parish church, 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of Newcastle Emlyn and 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Cardigan.

Community[edit]

Although the settlement of Clydau is tiny, the community is large, encompassing several other settlements and/or parishes including Bwlchygroes, Star, Tegryn, West Cilrhedyn and a large number of scattered farms.[8] Clydau has its own elected community council and gives its name to an electoral ward of Pembrokeshire County Council. The electoral ward of Clydau covers the communities of Clydau and Boncath. In 2001 it had a population (2001) of 1,425, with 58% Welsh speakers, falling to 715 in 2011.[1]

Parish[edit]

The Afon Cneifa, a tributary of Afon Cych, divides the parish into two ancient divisions: Uwchlawrllan to the southeast and Islawrllan to the northwest. The population of the parish was 1,100 (1801), 1,457 (1851), 1,057 (1901), 829 (1951), 681 (2001), 715 (2011). The percentage of Welsh speakers was: 99 (1891), 97 (1931) and 91 (1971).

The 14th century Grade II-listed parish church is dedicated to Ste. Clydaï.[9] It was rebuilt in the late 19th century, but the tower and some other parts of the building are original.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Community population 2011". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  2. ^ "GENUKI: Clydey". Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  3. ^ Charles, B. G., The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, p 678
  4. ^ James, Heather. "The Geography of the Cult of St Davids" in St David of Wales: Cult, Church and Nation, p. 59. Boydell Press, 2007. Accessed 26 Mar 2013.
  5. ^ Wade-Evans, Arthur. Welsh Medieval Law, p. 263.
  6. ^ "Penbrok comitat". British Library.
  7. ^ "Josiah Thomas Jones". Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  8. ^ "GENUKI: 1850 Parish map". Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  9. ^ "British Listed Buildings: Church of Saint Clydai, Clydau". Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  10. ^ Cadw. "Church of Saint Clydai  (Grade II) (11976)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 22 July 2019.

External links[edit]