Clyde Locomotive Company

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Clyde Locomotive Company
Industry Steam locomotives
Fate Acquired
Successor Sharp Stewart and Company
Founded 1884 (1884)
Founder Walter Montgomerie Neilson
Defunct 1888 (1888)
Headquarters Glasgow, Scotland
Area served

The Clyde Locomotive Company was a firm of locomotive manufacturers in Springburn, Glasgow, Scotland.[1]

The company was founded in 1884 by Walter Montgomerie Neilson, after he left the partnership of Neilson, Reid and Company[2][3] in 1876 following a disagreement with James Reid.[4]

In 1886, the first locomotives were built; these were a class of eight 4-4-0s for the Highland Railway, known as the Clyde Bogies.[1][5] Two locomotives built in 1887, which had been ordered by the Girvan and Portpatrick Junction Railway, were delivered to that company's successor, the Ayrshire and Wigtownshire Railway.[6][7][8]

In 1888, the long established engineering firm Sharp Stewart and Company wanted to expand, but finding it impossible to extend their existing Atlas Works in Manchester (which had no direct rail access), they decided to move to Glasgow; they bought the Clyde Locomotive Co. and renamed it Atlas Works after their former premises.[5][9][3][4] When Sharp Stewart amalgamated with other firms in 1903 to form the North British Locomotive Company, the Atlas Works continued to build locomotives until its closure in 1923.[10]

Locomotive orders[edit]

Between 1886 and 1888, eight orders were received, only five of which (totalling fourteen locomotives) were completed by the Clyde Locomotive Co.; the last three orders were completed by Sharp Stewart & Co.[11]

Order no. Type Customer Total Notes
E1 4-4-0 Highland Railway 8 Highland Railway E Class
E2 0-4-0ST John McAndrew, Dalzell;
Watt & Wilson, Greenock
E3 0-4-0ST Eglinton Iron Co., Santander 1
E4 0-6-0ST Dowlais Ironworks 1
E5 0-6-0 Ayrshire & Wigtownshire Railway 2
E6 4-4-0 Brazilian Government Railway 8 Sharp Stewart works nos. 3291–8
E7 4-4-0 Argentine Central Railway 6 Sharp Stewart works nos. 3424–9. Metre gauge
E8 2-6-0 Uruguay Northern Railway 2 Sharp Stewart works nos. 3430–1


  1. ^ a b Lowe 1989, p. 112.
  2. ^ Lowe 1989, pp. 112,504.
  3. ^ a b Marshall 1978, p. 163.
  4. ^ a b Cooke 1964, p. 928.
  5. ^ a b Cormack & Stevenson 1988, p. 101.
  6. ^ Lowe 1989, pp. 112–3.
  7. ^ Baxter 1984, pp. 134–5.
  8. ^ Awdry 1990, pp. 59,75.
  9. ^ Lowe 1989, pp. 112,578–9.
  10. ^ Lowe 1989, pp. 506–7,580.
  11. ^ Lowe 1989, p. 113.


  • Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. CN 8983. 
  • Baxter, Bertram (1984). Baxter, David, ed. Volume 4: Scottish and remaining English Companies in the LMS Group. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825-1923. Ashbourne: Moorland Publishing. 
  • Cooke, B.W.C., ed. (December 1964). "The Why and the Wherefore: Two Glasgow locomotive builders". Railway Magazine. Vol. 110 no. 764. Westminster: Tothill Press. 
  • Cormack, J.R.H.; Stevenson, J.L. (1988). Greenwood, William, ed. Highland Railway Locomotives Book 1: Early Days to the 'Lochs'. Locomotives of the LMS. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-64-9. 
  • Lowe, James W. (1989) [1975]. British Steam Locomotive Builders. Guild Publishing. CN8274. 
  • Marshall, John (1978). A Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7489-3.