|Member of the New South Wales Legislative Council|
23 April 1964 – 22 April 1976
|Preceded by||Henry Thompson|
|Succeeded by||Bill Sandwith|
|Born||Robert Clyde Packer
22 July 1935
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
|Died||8 April 2001
Santa Barbara, California, United States
|Political party||Liberal Party|
|Height||6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)|
|Spouse(s)||Angela Money (m. 1961–72)
Kate Clifford (m. 1977–2001)
|Children||Francis Clyde Packer|
|Alma mater||Geelong Grammar School|
Robert Clyde Packer (22 July 1935 – 8 April 2001), usually known as Clyde Packer, was the son of Australian newspaper magnate Frank Packer and the elder brother of media baron Kerry Packer. From 23 April 1964 to 22 April 1976 he was a Member of the New South Wales Legislative Council for the Liberal Party of Australia. Packer was originally intended to be his father's heir before a falling-out in 1972 resulted in Kerry inheriting the family business in 1974 upon Frank's death.
Among his many business activities, Packer founded the independent Spin Records label, which released many successful singles and albums from 1966 to 1972, including The Bee Gees' "Spicks and Specks" (1966) and the original Australian cast recording of the rock musical Hair (1969). In 1976 Packer relocated to the United States, initially living in Los Angeles before moving to Santa Barbara. Robert Clyde Packer died of heart and lung failure on 8 April 2001, aged 65.
Clyde Packer was born Robert Clyde Packer on 22 July 1935. He was named for his paternal grandfather, Robert Clyde Packer (1879–1934), who had established the Packer media dynasty. Clyde's father was Sir Frank Packer (1906–1974), a media proprietor who controlled Australian Consolidated Press and the Nine Network. His mother, Gretel Joyce née Bullmore (1907–1960), was the daughter of Herbert Bullmore (1874–1937), an Australian-born physician and rugby union player who represented Scotland. His younger brother was Kerry Packer (17 December 1937 – 26 December 2005).
During their early childhood Clyde and Kerry were cared for by a nurse, Inez McCracken, whom Clyde described as a "surrogate mother" who made "an unbearable childhood tolerable". Packer was a boarder at Cranbrook School in Sydney and then Geelong Grammar in Victoria. He took part in various sports at school, including boxing, cricket, and rugby.
In the early 1950s, instead of attending university as he wished, Clyde Packer heeded his father's directive "You go to work for me ... You'll learn far more in the school of hard knocks". He joined Australian Consolidated Press (ACP) as a journalist and sub-editor of its flagship, The Daily Telegraph. For six months he worked at the Daily Mail in London. In 1954 ACP launched a magazine, Weekend, with Donald Horne as editor and Packer on staff. By 1956 Packer was a director at ACP, Frank purchased the rights to Sydney TV station TCN-9 – the first Australian station to begin regular broadcasting. By 1957 Weekend employed Lillian Roxon as a journalist and later a sub-editor. When Queensland authorities wanted to ban the magazine Packer and Horne successfully fought the injunction in court.
ACP followed, in February 1958, with the launch of The Observer, an "intellectual magazine" where Horne was editor and Packer was his boss. Packer allowed Horne to hire various contributors including Bruce Beresford, Peter Coleman, Robert Hughes, Barry Humphries, and James McAuley. Packer was later the talent manager for Humphries. In 1958 Packer had hired Francis James of Anglican Press to print The Observer but after three years and a run of "broken deadlines, overcharges, misprints, [and] slow deliveries" Horne and Packer had taken that job away.
In 1960 ACP were involved in a commercial rivalry with Rupert Murdoch's News Limited, over interests in print media in Sydney. ACP had made an offer to buy Anglican Press when it was placed in receivership so that they could publish suburban newspapers in opposition to Murdoch's recent acquisitions. In June 1960 the rivalry between the two groups turned into a physical brawl where men hired by Murdoch fought with Packer, Kerry and their associates over the control of Anglican Press building. The Murdoch group had a photographer take evidence of the fracas and their afternoon newspaper, The Daily Mirror, ran a front page article headlined "Knight's Sons in City Brawl" with a photo of Packer ejecting the manager of Anglican Press, John Willis, into the street. Also that year Frank bought majority interests in Melbourne TV station GTV-9 which was combined with TCN-9 to form Australia's first national network, Nine Network.
In 1961 Packer was promoted to assistant general manager of ACP. During that year two ACP publications Weekend and The Australian Woman's Mirror were merged to form Everybody's with Horne editing and Packer as its manager. In 1965 Packer was made general manager of ACP and founded a record label also called Everybody's as a joint venture with Harry M. Miller (New Zealand-born promoter) and Nat Kipner (record producer and former co-owner of Sunshine Records). However Sydney radio stations were reluctant to play singles issued by that label due to the promotion of ACP's magazine. In January the following year the label was re-launched as Spin Records with Kipner as house producer. During that year Spin Records signed The Bee Gees and issued their hit single, "Spicks and Specks", which reached No. 4 on the Go-Set National Top 40.
During the late-1960s Packer took on more of the administration of Network Nine while Spin Records continued to release singles and albums by various Australian artists. In June 1969 Miller produced the Australian stage version of Hair, a rock musical. Spin Records issued the soundtrack, Hair – Australian Cast Soundtrack, by the end of the year, which was banned in Queensland and New Zealand.
Dispute with father
In 1970 Clyde Packer became joint managing director of Nine Network with his father, Frank. Clyde later recalled: "[I]t was a very equitable arrangement ... I had the responsibility and he had the authority". Late in the next year Clyde Packer launched A Current Affair on the Nine network, with Mike Willesee hosting. In 1972, Willesee organised for A Current Affair to have an on-air interview with then-union leader, Bob Hawke, during an industrial dispute. When Frank heard of the arrangement he vetoed the decision to allow Hawke on his network, undermining Clyde's authority. Willesee later declared: "You can't run a current affairs program, as you couldn't run a serious newspaper, and have people tell you you can't have the leader of the Trade Union movement". Packer resigned his posts at the Nine Network and ACP, and later reflected on the split: "I suspect my father was as glad to get rid of me as I was to get rid of him".
Their public falling-out followed years of tight control by Frank. According to Paul Barry, "Clyde Packer ... was also frequently dressed down and abused in public by his father, Sir Frank. Into his late thirties, Clyde was still treated like a stupid, disobedient little boy, until he could take no more and rebelled against such tyranny, splitting clearly and completely with his father". On his father's death in May 1974, the family estate, valued at A$100 million passed directly to Kerry. In 1976, Clyde sold his quarter-share of the family business for A$4 million to Kerry, who went on to become Australia's richest man.
Clyde Packer had joined the Liberal Party of Australia in 1954. He became Vice-President of the Paddington-Waverley branch and a member of the Bligh state electorate conference. On 21 November 1963 he was elected as a Member of the New South Wales Legislative Council, with his appointment starting on 23 April 1964 and ending on 22 April 1976. Frank had a meeting with then-Prime Minister, Robert Menzies, they discussed a possible diplomatic appointment for Frank which Menzies declined. Menzies helped Packer draft his maiden speech to the parliament.
Packer was the Honorary Treasurer of the Children's Surgical Research Fund, a member of New South Wales Society for Crippled Children and New South Wales Committee Council for Civil Liberties. Although a conservative politician, Packer supported freedom of speech, he voted against a bill to ban pornography. During early 1974 he worked with New South Wales Premier, Robert Askin, to develop a series of ads run by John Singleton's agency against the incumbent Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam, and his Australian Labor Party in the lead up to the federal election in May.
After Clyde Packer's resignation from the family's media interests in 1972, he became briefly involved in the counter-culture – famously donning a kaftan, claiming that it was "better than dieting". In the next year Packer established an adult sex magazine, Forum, with Bettina Arndt as consulting editor, and later editor and then publisher. In March that year he explained his motivation for launching the new magazine in the context of changes in the role of sexuality.
He moved to California in 1976 and thereafter rarely returned to Australia. In America, he pursued interests in film, surf culture, and magazine publishing. He bought Surfing Magazine in 1976 and during the mid-1980s he expanded his interests establishing the sister magazines, Bodyboarding Magazine and Volleyball. In 1984 Packer released a book, No Return Ticket, where he interviewed nine fellow Australian expatriates: Robert Hughes, Gordon Chater, Graham Fraser, Dame Judith Anderson, James Wolfensohn, Germaine Greer, Maxwell Newton, Zoe Caldwell, and Sumner Locke Elliott. According to The Canberra Times' Mark Thomas the book is a "quirky, frothy anachronism" where the interviewees "whinge about the Australian cultural cringe in terms which no young Australian would find comprehensible".
Also during 1984 the Costigan Commission issued a draft report into its investigation into the Painters and Dockers Union which implicated a prominent businessman codenamed "Goanna" in tax evasion and organised crime activities. In September that year news reports published leaked case summaries and Kerry outed himself as "Goanna" but denied all allegations. When Packer was contacted he observed that his brother "had his rights trampled on and his name defamed". The Costigan Commission had also contacted the FBI and DEA to investigate Packer's own activities after a US surfing official claimed that one of Packer's local magazines was a front for drug-trafficking. Packer was never officially accused of any wrongdoing related to these investigations.
In January 1987 Packer told Ali Cromie from The Sydney Morning Herald that he had left Australia because he "would have a better future in America than Australia". Initially Packer had made documentaries but most of his subsequent work was in publishing. He also ran a consultancy business, Magazine Investment and Management. Cromie described his relationship with Kerry "they got on well without being especially close. He disputes reports that portray their relationship in any other way. 'I had animosity with my father – never with my brother'".
On 25 May 1961 Clyde Packer married Angela May Money (born 9 March 1938). Angela was the elder daughter of Dr. Rex Money, a Macquarie Street specialist and neurosurgeon, and Dorothy "Noppy" née Wilkinson. The couple were married at All Saints Church, Woolahra with Kerry as best man and David Halliday as groomsman. Clyde and Angela had a son, Francis Clyde Packer. In 1972 Packer and Angela divorced.
Packer had relocated to Los Angeles by 1976 where he married his second wife, Kate Clifford, a former model from Brisbane, on 7 July 1977. By 1987 Clyde and Kate were living in the Santa Barbara suburb of Montecito. Clyde developed heart and kidney problems. He was on a dialysis machine for treatment and had a kidney donated from his architect. From 1999 he had been bedridden for two years. (Kerry also had heart and kidney problems and obtained a new kidney from his helicopter pilot.) Robert Clyde Packer died on 8 April 2001, aged 65. He died of heart and lung failure. A memorial for Packer was held in Sydney on 16 May 2001 with a eulogy "Dear Clyde" which was written by Barry Humphries and read by Packer's son, Francis. Other speakers at the memorial were John Laws, Harry M. Miller and Peter Coleman.
- Minogue, Dennis; Packer, Clyde (September 1977). "Packer's $15 million deal". New Times. Sydney. 1 (Sept 1977): 4–10. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Packer, Clyde (April 1983). "Sir John Monash [Book Review]". Quadrant. Sydney. 27 (4): 88–90. ISSN 0033-5002.
- Packer, Clyde (1984), No Return Ticket, Angus & Robertson, ISBN 978-0-207-15028-9
- Packer, Clyde (July 1984). "Computers: Santa Barbara letter". Quadrant. Sydney. 28 (7-8): 59–60. ISSN 0033-5002.
- Packer, Clyde (November 1984). "An interview with Sumner Locke Elliott". Quadrant. Sydney. 28 (11): 19–23. ISSN 0033-5002.
- Packer, Clyde; Coleman, Peter (October 1991). Interview with Clyde Packer, journalist (audio cassette). OCLC 220861187.
- Coleman, Peter (1 July 2001), "Clyde Packer", Quadrant, Quadrant Magazine Company, Inc, ISSN 0033-5002
- Humpries, Barry (2008). "11: Barry Humphries on Clyde Packer: 'Dear Clyde'". In Richard Walsh. Great Australian Eulogies. Allen & Unwin. pp. 75–80. ISBN 978-1-74115-620-1.
- Tiffen, Rodney (3 June 2010). "Nine-tenths of the Law". Inside Story. ISSN 1837-0497. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- Milliken, Robert (12 April 2001). "Clyde Packer – Obituary". The Independent. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "The Hon. Robert Clyde Packer". Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- "Players & Officials/Herbert Bullmore". ESPNScrum. ESPN. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer 1937–2005". The Age. 28 December 2005. p. 7. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Connolly, Fiona (29 July 2008). "Indigo Is the Luckiest Packer of Them All". The Telegraph. News Corp Australia. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Packer: Landmarks". Ketupa.net. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Horne, Donald (2006). On How I Came to Write The Lucky Country. Issue 4 of MUP Masterworks. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press (MUP). pp. 12–18, 23, 75–76, 81. ISBN 978-0-52285-222-6. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Milliken, Robert (2010). Mother of Rock: The Lillian Roxon Story. Black Inc. pp. 89–92, 181. ISBN 978-1-92186-656-2.
- Lawson, Valerie (16 May 2001). "Sydney's Last Goodbye for the Packer Who Ran Away". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Yarrow, Megan (5 August 2008). "Rhetoric: Great Australian Eulogies". M/C Reviews (Axel Bruns). Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Powerhouse Museum; Wakely, Janice. "97/272/1-2/14 Photographic print, black and white, 'Taking a leak', Clyde Packer and Barry Humphreys at urinals in Luna Park, by Janice Wakely, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1976". Powerhouse Museum, Australia. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Barry, Paul (2007). The Rise and Rise of Kerry Packer Uncut. Bantam Books / ABC Books (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). p. 128. ISBN 978-1-86325-331-4. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Kimball, Duncan (2002). "Record Labels – Everybody's". Milesago: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. Ice Productions. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Kimball, Duncan (2002). "Record Labels – Spin Records". Milesago: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. Ice Productions. Archived from the original on 24 June 2003. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Nimmervoll, Ed (9 November 1966). "National Top 40". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Encyclopedia entry for 'The Bee Gees'". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-072-1. Archived from the original on 7 August 2004. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- "Hair Reaches Australia". The New York Times. Hair Online Archives. 7 June 1969. p. 26. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Kimball, Duncan (2002). "Stage Shows – Hair: Original Australian Production, 1969–71". Milesago: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. Ice Productions. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Carmody, Rebecca (10 April 2001). "Clyde Packer dies at 65". The World Today. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Donaldson, Mike; Poynting, Scott (2007). Ruling Class Men: Money, Sex, Power. Peter Lang. p. 32. ISBN 978-3-03911-137-4. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Highham, James E.S.; Cohen, Scott (2010). Giants of Tourism. CABI. p. 182. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- Griffen-Foley, Bridget (6 December 2003). "Press Proprietors and Political Pundits: The Media and Politics in Postwar Australia". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Langmore, Diane; Bennet, Darryl, eds. (2009). "Askin, Sir Robert (Robin) William". Australian Dictionary of Biography, 1981–1990. The Miegunyah Press. ISBN 978-0-52285-382-7. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Lawson, Valerie (10 April 2001). "Clyde, The Packer Who Gave Dr Death the Boot, Dies in California". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Thompson, Peter (18 June 2007). "Transcripts: Bettina Arndt". Talking Heads. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Packer, Clyde (March–April 1973). "Why I Publish Forum". Quadrant. National Library of Australia. pp. 65–69. ISSN 0033-5002. Note: only an Abstract is available online.
- Borte, Jason. "Surfing Magazine History". Surfline. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Packer, Clyde (1984), No Return Ticket, Angus & Robertson, ISBN 978-0-207-15028-9
- "Tickets on Themselves". The Canberra Times. National Library of Australia. 8 December 1984. p. 25. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Packermain" (PDF). news.com.au. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Cromie, Ali (23 January 1987). "The Other Packer: a View from Afar". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Social and Personal: Daughter Born Yesterday". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 10 March 1938. p. 23. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Heimans, Frank (June 2007). "Aberdoon House 2". transcribed by Glenys Murray. Baulkham Hills Shire Council. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Coles, Mary (7 June 1961). "Social – Roundabout". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. p. 16. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- "Baby's Christening on Sunday". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 20 May 1938. p. 4. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Hardie, Giles (2 September 2013). "Land of the Rising Sons". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "Sir Frank Packer, chairman of the committee which organised the America's Cup challenge by Australia, with his two sons Clyde (left) and Kerry. Clyde is 6 feet 3 inches and 240 pounds; Kerry is 6 feet 2 inches and 215 pounds. Sir Frank is Managing Director of Consolidated Press Ltd, Sydney" photograph of Clyde, Sir Frank and Kerry Packer, 1962. Digital copy viewed at National Archives of Australia. Item details for: A1200, L41912.
- "Taking a Leak" photograph of Clyde Packer and Barry Humphries by Janice Wakely, 1976. Held by Powerhouse Museum, Sydney.
- "R.C. Packer; Publisher in Australia, U.S." obituary, Los Angeles Times, 10 April 2001.