Clymenus

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In Greek mythology, Clymenus /ˈklɪmnəs/ (Ancient Greek: Κλύμενος Klúmenos "notorious") may refer to multiple individuals:

  • Clymenus, father of Eurydice.[1]
  • Clymenus, son of King Oeneus of Calydon and Althaea. He was killed while battling the Curetes.[2]
  • Clymenus, a son of Phoroneus by either Cerdo or Teledice or Cinna. He and his sister Chthonia founded a sanctuary of Demeter.[3]
  • Clymenus, son of either Presbon or Orchomenus (in the latter case, brother of Aspledon and Amphidocus)[4] and a King of Orchomenus in Boeotia, which he inherited from its eponym Orchomenus - either as his son, or (in the version that makes him a son of Presbon) because Orchomenus left the kingdom to him, having no children of his own.[5] By Boudeia or Bouzyge, daughter of Lycus, Clymenus was father of Erginus, Stration, Arrhon, Pyleus and Azeus.[5][6][7] At a festival of Poseidon at Onchestus, Clymenus quarreled with a group of Thebans over a minor cause and was mortally wounded as a result of a stone thrown at him by Perieres, the charioteer of Menoeceus. Being brought home half dead, Clymenus told Erginus, his successor-to-be, to avenge his death, and died; Erginus then led a war against Thebes.[5][8]
  • Clymenus was the son of Helios and king of Boeotia. In a variant genealogy, he is the father of the children of the Oceanid Merope (usually said to be the offspring of Helios and Clymene). These include Phaëton and the Heliades: Merope, Helie, Aegle, Lampetia, Phoebe, Aetherie, and Dioxippe. Sometimes Phaethousa is included in this number.[9] The names "Clymenus" and "Merope" in Hyginus' version, which is not followed otherwise, may have resulted from incidental gender swap of the names of the Oceanid Clymene and her mortal husband Merops.
  • Clymenus from Dulichium, one of the suitors of Penelope.[10]
  • Clymenus, who killed Hodites during the fight between Phineus and Perseus.[11]
  • Clymenus, son of Cardys and a descendant of Heracles of Ida.[12] He became king of Olympia but was deposed by Endymion.[13] He was credited with founding the temple of Athena Cydonia in Phrixa, Elis.[14]
  • Clymenus, king of Arcadia, was the son of either Schoeneus or Teleus. He committed incest with his daughter Harpalyce.[15][16]
  • Clymenus or Axius, father of Axia who had a town Axia in Ozolian Locris named after her.[17]
  • Clymenus, a surname of Hades.[18]
  • Clymenus, one of the Argonauts, and the brother of Iphiclus.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Homer, Odyssey, 3. 452
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 8. 1; Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 2
  3. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 35. 4
  4. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Aspledōn
  5. ^ a b c Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 37. 1
  6. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 185
  7. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 16. 572
  8. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 4. 11
  9. ^ 154 Hyginus Fabulae
  10. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 7. 26 ff
  11. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, 5. 98
  12. ^ Not to be confused with Heracles the hero; cf. Strabo, Geographica, 8.3.30: "What is more, the Olympian Games are an invention of theirs [the Daktyloi]; and it was they who celebrated the first Olympiads, for one should disregard the ancient stories both of the founding of the temple and of the establishment of the games - some alleging that it was Herakles, one of the Idaian Daktyloi, who was the originator of both, and others, that it was Herakles the son of Alkmene and Zeus, who also was the first to contend in the games and win the victory; for such stories are told in many ways, and not much faith is to be put in them."
  13. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5. 8. 1
  14. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6. 21. 6
  15. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 206
  16. ^ Parthenius, Love Romances, 13
  17. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Axia
  18. ^ Athenaeus, Banquet of the Learned, 14. 624e
  19. ^ Valerus Flaccus, Argonautica, 1. 369