Clynderwen

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Clunderwen
Castelldwyran Church, Clynderwen - geograph.org.uk - 579647.jpg
Castelldwyran Church, Clunderwen
Clunderwen is located in Pembrokeshire
Clunderwen
Clunderwen
Clunderwen shown within Pembrokeshire
Population932 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSN133198
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townClynderwen
Postcode districtSA66 7
Dialling code01437
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°49′53″N 4°41′42″W / 51.831496°N 4.695005°W / 51.831496; -4.695005Coordinates: 51°49′53″N 4°41′42″W / 51.831496°N 4.695005°W / 51.831496; -4.695005

Clynderwen (Welsh: Clunderwen; About this soundWelsh pronunciation) is a rural linear village and community, historically in Carmarthenshire in Wales, but administered as part of Pembrokeshire. It lies on the A478 Tenby to Cardigan road south of the village of Llandissilio and north of the town of Narberth.

The village has its own community council of 10 members.[2]

Name[edit]

Clunderwen, translating into English as "oak thicket", is named after an estate of the same name.[3][4] On 1 April 2003,[5] the village was transferred from the administrative county of Carmarthenshire to that of Pembrokeshire, following a boundary change between the counties. At the same time, a name change to Clunderwen was proposed to reflect the actual usage by the community council and on road and other signs.[6]

History[edit]

The earliest known record of Clynderwen is in 1822: a mansion and farm of that name, the Clynderwen Estate, is to the east of the present village and may have dated back to the 17th century. Robert Frederick Gower, High Sheriff of Pembrokeshire in 1844, whose son Erasmus Gower rose to the rank of admiral, owned Clyn Derwen (sic).[7]

Clynderwen was listed in The Welsh Church Year Book of 1929 as having a Chapel of Ease in the parish of Llanfallteg with Clynderwen with Castell Dwyran and had been listed in the parish of Castell Dwyran since before 1850.[8]

The village developed after the advent of the railway in 1854. The Great Western Railway (West Wales Line) to London from the ports of Milford Haven and Fishguard passes through the village at Clunderwen railway station. From 1876 a light railway, the Narberth Road and Maenclochog Railway ran from Clynderwen to Rosebush slate quarries via Maenclochog. The line was closed to passengers in 1937 and to freight in 1949.

The railway encouraged the development of the local economies and Clynderwen became a focus for agricultural produce and livestock shipment. Clynderwen and Cardiganshire Farmers cooperative opened its first branch in the village in 1904, the first of 22 covering much of Wales. The cooperative was a prime mover in a number of agricultural advances and projects beneficial to the farming community particularly during the depression in the 1920s and the technical revolutions after World War 2.[9] The Clunderwen Agricultural Society was established in 1911 and held an annual show until 1963 and from 1979 to the present. The Clunderwen Young Farmers Club, established 1929, was the first in Wales.[10]

The village was notable for the efforts of the James brothers who in 1913 were the first men in Pembrokeshire to build and fly their own aircraft.[11]

Education[edit]

Clynderwen is home to Redhill High School, an independent co-educational secondary school, associated with Redhill Preparatory School at Haverfordwest. The school occupies the historic building of Clynderwen House, and opened in 2018,[12][13][14] teaching up to year 10 with a maximum class size of 20.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Clynderwen Community Council". Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Country house with an impeccable pedigree". Wales online. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Clynderwen Community Hall". Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  5. ^ The Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire (Clynderwen, Cilymaenllwyd and Henllanfallteg) Order 2002
  6. ^ Boundary change proposal Archived 2006-10-13 at the Wayback Machine (PDF)
  7. ^ Nicholas, T (2000). Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales. Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 285. ISBN 9780806313146. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  8. ^ "GENUKI: Castell Dwyran". Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  9. ^ "Clynderwen and Cardiganshire Farmers: History". Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Clunderwen Show: History". Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  11. ^ "James Brothers of Clynderwen: aviation pioneers, 1913". Archived from the original on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Pembrokeshire County Council Planning Committee (webcast): Item 9 - 17/0990/PA". 13 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Pembrokeshire County Council Planning application 17/0990/PA". Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Gov.uk: Redhill High School". Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  15. ^ "New independent school opens in Pembrokeshire". Tenby Observer. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2019.

External links[edit]

(NOTE: A search on Wikimedia Commons for Clunderwen provides more uncategorised images)