Clynnog Fawr

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Clynnog Fawr
St Beuno's Church, Clynnog Fawr
Clynnog Fawr is located in Gwynedd
Clynnog Fawr
Clynnog Fawr
Clynnog Fawr shown within Gwynedd
Population 997 (2011)
OS grid reference SH414496
Principal area
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district LL54
Dialling code 01286
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
53°01′12″N 4°21′50″W / 53.020°N 4.364°W / 53.020; -4.364Coordinates: 53°01′12″N 4°21′50″W / 53.020°N 4.364°W / 53.020; -4.364

Clynnog Fawr, often simply called "Clynnog", is a village and community on the north coast of the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd, north-west Wales.

Clynnog Fawr lies on the A499 road between Caernarfon and Pwllheli, at grid reference SH415500. It had a population of 130 in 1991, which had increased to 997 at the 2011 Census.[1] The community covers an area of 4,551 hectares (17.57 sq mi).[2] The main feature of the village is the parish church, dedicated to Saint Beuno, which is much larger than would be expected in a village of Clynnog's size. The site is said to be that of a Celtic monastery founded by Beuno in the early 7th century. Clynnog means 'the place of the holly-trees' [compare Breton Quelneuc (Kelenneg), Gaelic Cuilneach]. It developed into an important foundation and some Welsh law manuscripts specify that the Abbot of Clynnog was entitled to a seat at the court of the king of Gwynedd.

St Bueno's Well
The church's freestanding tide dial

The church is recorded as being burnt in 978 by the Vikings and later burnt again by the Normans. By the end of the 15th century it was a collegiate church, one of only six in Wales. The church was an important stopping place for pilgrims heading for Bardsey Island and contains Cyff Beuno, an ancient wooden chest hollowed out of a single piece of ash and used to keep alms donated by those on pilgrimages. Maen Beuno or "Beuno's Stone" has markings reputed to be those of Beuno's fingers. Outside in the churchyard there is a canonical sundial dated between the late 10th century and the early 12th century. Ffynnon Beuno (St Beuno's Well) is a grade II* listed structure at the south-west end of the village.

The church is a major location on the North Wales Pilgrims Way.[3]

Clynnog is strategically sited at the northern end of a pass connecting the northern and southern coasts of the Llŷn Peninsula, and the area has been the site of a number of battles, including the Battle of Bron yr Erw in 1075 when Gruffudd ap Cynan's first bid to become king of Gwynedd was defeated by Trahaearn ap Caradog and the Battle of Bryn Derwin in 1255 when Llywelyn ap Gruffudd defeated his brothers Owain and Dafydd to become sole ruler of Gwynedd.

Other famous people from Clynnog include Morus Clynnog, Emrys Wyn Evans and Saint John Jones, all prominent Welsh Catholics in the 16th century.

Clynnog is covered by a Neighbourhood Policing Team based in the nearby village of Penygroes.

Clynog Golf Club (now defunct) appeared only briefly following WW1. It had disappeared by the mid-1920s.[4]


Clynnog's population was 997, according to the 2011 census;[2] a 15.93% increase since the 860 people noted in 2001.[5]

The 2011 census showed 73.2% of the population could speak Welsh, a rise from 67.2% in 2001.[6]


  1. ^ "Community/Ward population 2011". Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Area: Clynnog (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Taith Pererin Gogledd Cymru ~ North Wales Pilgrim's Way". Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Clynog Golf Club", "Golf’s Missing Links".
  5. ^ "Area: Clocaenog (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. 18 November 2004. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "2011 Census results by Community". Welsh Language Commissioner. 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015. [permanent dead link]