Clynnog Fawr

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Clynnog Fawr
Clynnog.JPG
St Beuno's Church, Clynnog Fawr
Clynnog Fawr is located in Gwynedd
Clynnog Fawr
Clynnog Fawr
Location within Gwynedd
Population997 (2011)
OS grid referenceSH414496
Community
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCAERNARFON
Postcode districtLL54
Dialling code01286
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
53°01′12″N 4°21′50″W / 53.020°N 4.364°W / 53.020; -4.364Coordinates: 53°01′12″N 4°21′50″W / 53.020°N 4.364°W / 53.020; -4.364

Clynnog Fawr, often simply called "Clynnog", is a village and community on the north coast of the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd, north-west Wales. It is in the historic county of Caernarfonshire. The community includes Pant Glas.

Clynnog Fawr lies on the A499 road between Caernarfon and Pwllheli, at grid reference SH415500, between the coast and a mountainous area including Bwlch Mawr. It had a population of 130 in 1991, which had increased to 997 at the 2011 Census.[1] The community covers an area of 4,551 hectares (17.57 sq mi).[2] The main feature of the village is the parish church, dedicated to Saint Beuno, which is much larger than would be expected in a village of Clynnog's size. The site is said to be that of a Celtic monastery founded by Beuno in the early 7th century. Clynnog means 'the place of the holly-trees' [compare Breton Quelneuc (Kelenneg), Gaelic Cuilneach]. It developed into an important foundation and some Welsh law manuscripts specify that the Abbot of Clynnog was entitled to a seat at the court of the king of Gwynedd.

St Bueno's Well
The church's freestanding tide dial

The church is recorded as having been burnt in 978 by the Vikings and later burnt again by the Normans. By the end of the 15th century it was a collegiate church, one of only six in Wales. The church was an important stopping place for pilgrims heading for Bardsey Island and contains Cyff Beuno, an ancient wooden chest hollowed out of a single piece of ash and used to keep alms given by the pilgrims. Maen Beuno or "Beuno's Stone" has markings reputed to be those of Beuno's fingers. Outside in the churchyard there is a canonical sundial dated between the late 10th century and the early 12th century. Ffynnon Beuno (St Beuno's Well) is a Grade II* listed structure at the south-west end of the village.

The church is a major location on the North Wales Pilgrims Way.[3]

The area has been the site of a number of battles, including the Battle of Bron yr Erw in 1075 when Gruffudd ap Cynan's first bid to become king of Gwynedd was defeated by Trahaearn ap Caradog, and the Battle of Bryn Derwin in 1255 when Llywelyn ap Gruffudd defeated his brothers Owain and Dafydd to become sole ruler of Gwynedd.

Famous people from Clynnog include Morus Clynnog and Saint John Jones, both prominent Welsh Catholics in the 16th century.

Clynnog is covered by a Neighbourhood Policing Team based in the nearby village of Penygroes.

Clynog Golf Club (now defunct) appeared only briefly after World War I. It had disappeared by the mid-1920s.[4]

The Clynnog electoral ward elects one councillor to sit on Gwynedd Council.

Demographics[edit]

Clynnog's population was 997, according to the 2011 census;[2] this was a 15.93% increase since the 860 people noted in 2001.[5]

The 2011 census showed 73.2% of the population could speak Welsh, a rise from 67.2% in 2001.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community/Ward population 2011". Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Area: Clynnog (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Taith Pererin Gogledd Cymru ~ North Wales Pilgrim's Way". www.pilgrims-way-north-wales.org. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Clynog Golf Club", "Golf’s Missing Links".
  5. ^ "Area: Clocaenog (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. 18 November 2004. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  6. ^ "2011 Census results by Community". Welsh Language Commissioner. 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.[permanent dead link]