Clyro

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Clyro
Clyro is located in Powys
Clyro
Clyro
Location within Powys
Population781 
OS grid referenceSO213438
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHEREFORD
Postcode districtHR3
Dialling code014978
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Powys
52°05′12″N 3°08′59″W / 52.0867°N 3.1498°W / 52.0867; -3.1498Coordinates: 52°05′12″N 3°08′59″W / 52.0867°N 3.1498°W / 52.0867; -3.1498

Clyro (Welsh: Cleirwy) is a village and community in Radnorshire, Powys, Wales, with 781 inhabitants as of the 2011 UK Census.[1] The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye, some 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the south-east.

History[edit]

The name of the village is thought to derive from the Welsh for 'clear water'.[2] Though a Roman fort has been excavated within the village,[3] the settlement of Clyro is presumed to be early medieval.[4]

St Michael and All Angels, Clyro

The parish church is dedicated to Saint Michael and All Angels and was first recorded in the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535. It was, however, almost entirely rebuilt in the 19th century, though the base of the tower is early 15th century.[5]

Clyro Castle was first mentioned in 1397, but may be much earlier. All that now remains is a large motte. A second motte, called Castle Kinsey and possibly built by Cadwallon ap Madog in the 12th century, is at Court Evan Gwynne just north of the village. The site is now a Radnorshire Wildlife Trust reserve called Cwm Byddog, also notable for its veteran oak pollards.[6]

John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, and his supporter John William Fletcher often stayed and preached in Clyro at the house called Pentwyn.[2]

Clyro Court was built by Thomas Mynors Baskerville in 1839. It is said that Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a family friend and visitor, with obvious consequences.[7] Clyro Court Farm is much older, being a former monastic grange with some of the buildings dating back to the 14th century.[2][8]

The village has been cited as one of many explanations for the naming of the rock band Biffy Clyro.

Francis Kilvert[edit]

Baskerville Arms

Francis Kilvert was curate of the parish church from 1865 to 1872 and much of his published diaries deal with the people and landscape of Clyro and the surrounding area. This part of Wales, including the villages of Clyro, Capel-y-ffin, Llowes, Glasbury, Llanigon, Painscastle, and the town of Hay-on-Wye, as well as Clifford and Whitney-on-Wye in neighbouring Herefordshire, is sometimes referred to as "Kilvert Country".[9] Kilvert's diaries were dramatised on BBC Radio 4 in December 2019.[10]

There is a commemorative plaque in Clyro parish church and his former residence, Ashbrook House, is now an art gallery. Many of the buildings mentioned in the diaries are still extant, including the old village school where Kilvert taught, the old vicarage, the New Inn (now a private residence), and The Swan (now the Baskerville Arms).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "FINAL PROPOSALS Community No. R04 - CLYRO" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b c Morgan, Rev. W.E.T. (1932). Hay and Neighbourhood. Hay: H.R. Grant & Son.
  3. ^ "Donkey mill from the Roman fort at Clyro". Gathering the Jewels. n.d. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Historic Landscapes - Middle Wye". Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust. n.d. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  5. ^ "Historic Churches - Radnorshire Churches Survey - Clyro". Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust. n.d. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Cwm Byddog". Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2009.
  7. ^ "Baskerville Hall Hotel". Baskervillehall.co.uk. n.d. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  8. ^ "Photos of Clyro Court Farm". Archived from the original on 11 September 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2009.
  9. ^ Barber, Chris (2003). Exploring Kilvert Country. Blorenge Books. ISBN 978-1-872730-24-0.
  10. ^ McAll, Kate (December 2019). "Kilvert's Diary". BBC. Retrieved 24 December 2019.

External links[edit]