Co-branding refers to several different marketing arrangements:
|“||"the term 'co-branding' is relatively new to the business vocabulary and is used to encompass a wide range of marketing activities involving the use of two (and sometimes more) brands. Thus co-branding could be considered to include sponsorships, where Marlboro lends it name to Ferrari or accountants Ernst and Young support the Monet exhibition."||”|
Co-branding is an arrangement that associates a single product or service with more than one brand name, or otherwise associates a product with someone other than the principal producer. The typical co-branding agreement involves two or more companies acting in cooperation to associate any of various logos, color schemes, or brand identifiers to a specific product that is contractually designated for this purpose. The object for this is to combine the strength of two brands, in order to increase the premium consumers are willing to pay, make the product or service more resistant to copying by private label manufacturers, or to combine the different perceived properties associated with these brands with a single product.
- Level 1 includes joining with another company to penetrate the market
- Level 2 is working to extend the brand based on the company's current market share
- Level 3 tries to achieve a global strategy by combining the two brands
There are many different sub-sections of co-branding. Companies can work with other companies to combine resources and leverage individual core competencies, or they can use current resources within one company to promote multiple products at once. The forms of co-branding include: ingredient co-branding, same-company co-branding, national to local co-branding, joint venture co-branding, and multiple sponsor co-branding. No matter which form a company chooses to use, the purpose is to respond to the changing marketplace, build one’s own core competencies, and work to increase product revenues.
One form of co-branding is ingredient co-branding. This involves creating brand equity for materials, components or parts that are contained within other products.
- Betty Crocker’s brownie mix includes Hershey’s Chocolate Syrup
- Pillsbury Brownies with Nestlé Chocolate
- Dell Computers with Intel Processors
- Kellogg Pop-tarts with Smucker’s fruit
Another form of co-branding is same-company co-branding. This is when a company with more than one product promotes their own brands together simultaneously.
- Kraft Lunchables and Oscar Mayer meats
- Courtyard by Marriott, a hotel brand (Courtyard) operating under Marriott International's signature brand (Marriott)
- Visa co-branding credit cards with local retailers
- Auto manufacturers with local dealerships
Joint venture co-branding is another form of co-branding defined as two or more companies going for a strategic alliance to present a product to the target audience.
- British Airways and Citibank formed a partnership offering a credit card where the card owner will automatically become a member of the [British Airways Executive club.
Finally, there is multiple sponsor co-branding. This form of co-branding involves two or more companies working together to form a strategic alliance in technology, promotions, sales, etc.
Co-branding can be between an organization and a product also. An example of co-branding between a charity and a manufacturer is the association of Sephora and Operation Smile: Sephora markets a product carrying the logo of the charity, the consumer is encouraged to associate the two brands, and a portion of the proceeds benefit the charity.
- Kalafatis, S., N. Remizova, D. Riley and J. Singh (2012), “The Differential Impact of Brand Equity on B2B Co-branding,” Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, Vol. 27, Issue 8, p 623-634.
- Litvinov, Nikolai. Hi-level Cobranding // Identity. — 2007. — №13(4). — P.96-105.
- Singh, J., S. Kalafatis, and L. Ledden (2014), “Consumer Perceptions of Cobrands: The Role of Brand Positioning Strategies,” Marketing Intelligence & Planning, Vol. 32, Issue 2, p 145-159.
- Wei-Lun Chang, “A Typology of Co-branding Strategy: Position and Classification,” Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge (JAABC), Vol. 12, No. 2, March, pp.220-226, 2008.
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- Wei-Lun Chang, “Roadmap of Co-branding Positions and Strategies”, Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge (JAABC), Vol. 15, September, pp. 77-84, 2009.
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