Coacalco de Berriozábal
|Coacalco de Berriozábal
At the house of the snake.
|Town and municipality|
Coacalco de Berriozábal
|Motto: Firm values, constant development|
|• Municipal President||Erwin Javier Castelán Enríquez (2016–2018)|
|• Municipality||35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)|
|• Land||31.95 km2 (12.34 sq mi)|
|• Water||3.55 km2 (1.37 sq mi)|
|Elevation (of seat)||2,257 m (7,405 ft)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||EST (UTC-5)|
|Postal code (of seat)||55700|
Coacalco de Berriozábal (also known as Coacalco) is a city and municipality located in the State of Mexico, Mexico. Its name comes from the Nahuatl, Coa-coatl (snake), cal-calli (home) and -co (at), meaning "at the house of the snake", and was first recorded in 1320. The municipality lies in the Greater Mexico City conurbation, and it is located next to the northern tip of the Mexico City. The official name of its municipal seat is San Francisco Coacalco, and the municipality is named after Felipe Berriozábal.
Coacalco de Berriozábal forms part of the Valley of Mexico. It is located the site of what was once the city-state Xaltocan. Between 850 and 1521, the municipality was inhabited by the Toltec people. In the 18th and 19th centuries the principal economic activities were agriculture, husbandry and salt collection. On 12 February 1862, the then-governor of the state, General Felipe de Berriozábal signed the order declaring the city to be an independent municipality, ending 343 years of dependency on the municipality Ecatepec.
Coacalco's economy has changed in the last thirty years. It switched from being primarily agricultural and rural to an urban industrial area. At present, the municipality is one of the principal commercial districts of the north of the Metropolitan Area. Coacalco has raised the quality of life of the population including health, education and entertainment services.
Located next to Mexico City, Coacalco's population has increased by more than 100,000 in the last decade. In 2005, the city had a population of 252,555 people, and in 2010 the population grew to 278,064 inhabitants. According to the 2005 Human Development Index (HDI) in Mexico, Coacalco was ranked ten in the best places to live in the country.
Towns and villages
As of 2010, localities (cities, towns, and villages), and their respective population are:
|Basurero Municipal (La Aurora)||99|
|Bosques de Coacalco||3|
|San Francisco Coacalco||277,959|
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Coacalco" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal (INEGI). Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Población total, edad, edad mediana e índice de masculinidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "División municipal. Estado de México" [Municipal division. State of Mexico] (in Spanish). INEGI. 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- "Los 10 mejores lugares para vivir" [The 10 best places to live] (in Spanish). CNN. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- "2010 census tables: INEGI". INEGI. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
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