Coal Mines Historic Site

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Coal Mines Historic Site
View of ruins in the Coal Mines area.
View of ruins in the Coal Mines area.
Type Historic Site
Location Saltwater Creek Rd, Little Norfolk Bay, Tasman Peninsula
Coordinates 42°59′1″S 147°42′59″E / 42.98361°S 147.71639°E / -42.98361; 147.71639Coordinates: 42°59′1″S 147°42′59″E / 42.98361°S 147.71639°E / -42.98361; 147.71639[1]
Area 352.47 hectares[1]
Operated by Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority
Status Australian National Heritage List
World Heritage list
Type Cultural
Criteria iv, vi
Designated 2010 (34th session)
Part of Australian Convict Sites
Reference no. 1306
State Party  Australia
Region Asia-Pacific

Coal Mines Historic Site was, for a period of 15 years (1833–48), a convict probation station[2] and the site of Tasmania's (then Van Diemen's Land's) first operational coal mine, "serving as a place of punishment for the 'worst class' of convicts from Port Arthur".[3]

It is now the site of a collection of ruins and landscape modifications located amongst bushland facing onto the Tasman Peninsula's Little Norfolk Bay, being ruins and landscape modifications of such cultural significance to Australia and to the World that the site has been formally inscribed onto both the Australian National Heritage List[2] and UNESCO's World Heritage list[4] as amongst:

Norfolk Bay Convict Station

" .. the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts."[5]

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