Location of Coalville, Iowa
|• Total||2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)|
|• Land||2.18 sq mi (5.66 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)|
|Elevation||1,115 ft (340 m)|
|• Density||279.2/sq mi (107.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0455503|
Coalville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Webster County, Iowa, United States. The population was 610 at the 2010 census. The community is located on U.S. Route 20 near Fort Dodge's large gypsum mines.
Coalville takes its name from the coal mines of the area. It began as one of the northernmost coal mining towns in Iowa. Early settlers were mining coal from outcrops along the Des Moines River by 1860, and in 1870, a mine was opened on Holiday Creek, about a mile east of Coalville, with a 3-mile tramway to the Dubuque and Sioux City Railroad (later the Illinois Central). Later in 1870, a shaft was sunk at Coalville. The Fort Dodge Coal company took over these mines and opened several more in the Coalville area. By 1880, manual labor was being augmented with machinery in these mines. In 1883, the Fort Dodge Coal company employed 350 miners to produce 30 carloads of coal daily.
The Pleasant Valley Coal Company sank a 105-foot shaft in Coalville in 1895, employing 100 men to mine a 6-foot coal bed. This was mined out in the early 20th century. The Gleason Coal Company sank a shaft in 1899 that operated until 1907, producing 200,000 tons of coal over its lifetime. Gleason sunk a new shaft in 1908. United Mine Workers local 392 was organized in Coalville in 1899; by 1907, it had 133 members. Mine wages varied from $1.91 to $2.56 per day.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.26 square miles (5.85 km²), of which, 2.18 square miles (5.66 km²) of it is land and 0.07 square miles (0.19 km²) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 610 people, 267 households, and 173 families residing in the town. The population density was 279.2 people per square mile (107.8/km²). There were 289 housing units at an average density of 132.3 per square mile (51.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.8% White, 1.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.
There were 267 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.6 years. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,750, and the median income for a family was $45,096. Males had a median income of $33,846 versus $20,855 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,178. None of the families and 2.6% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 17.8% of those over 64.
- James H. Lees, History of Coal Mining in Iowa, Chapter III of Annual Report, 1908, Iowa Geological Survey, 1909, pages 581–583.
- Trade Unions in Iowa, Thirteenth Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the State of Iowa for the period 1906-1907, Des Moines, 1908; page 200.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
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