Coast Mountain Bus Company

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Coast Mountain Bus Company (logo).png
Parent TransLink
Founded April 1, 1999
Headquarters 700-287 Nelson's Court
New Westminster, B.C.
Service area Metro Vancouver, Canada
Service type transit bus, express bus, trolley bus, express coach, shuttle bus, passenger ferry
Routes Bus: 195
SeaBus Ferry: 1
Hubs 7 transit centres
Fleet Bus: 1,451
Ferry: 4[1]
Daily ridership 730,000[2]
Chief executive Kevin Desmond,
President & General Manager
Website coastmountainbus.com

Coast Mountain Bus Company (CMBC) is the contract operator for bus transit services in Metro Vancouver and is a wholly owned subsidiary of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority, known locally as TransLink, the entity responsible for transit. The buses form part of the integrated transit network of the lower mainland.

Services[edit]

The Coast Mountain Bus Company operates the buses throughout Greater Vancouver (except West Vancouver which operates its own Blue Bus system and three contract operators that provide Community Shuttle as well as HandyDART services):

  • 195 bus routes in total
    • Regular transit service
    • Express Coach Service to suburban municipalities
    • Trolley Bus Service - 13 routes primarily in the City of Vancouver
    • NightBus - special routes after midnight, 8 routes with plans for expansion
    • B-Line express buses (2 routes - see below)
    • Community shuttles - routes operating minibuses that connect to the larger ones
  • SeaBus - passenger ferry across the Burrard Inlet

The regional transit network including bus routes, service levels and fares are set by TransLink.

Fare Paid Zones[edit]

Basically the honour system, a Fare Paid Zone is a clearly marked territory on which passengers must have valid proof of payment and present it for inspection upon request of a Transit Security Officer. This was only in effect in SkyTrain stations and vehicles until June 25, 2007, when the law was changed. Now, all buses, including West Vancouver buses, will be designated a "Fare Paid Zone", along with the SkyTrain. The reason for implementing the "Fare Paid Zone" was to remove responsibility from the bus driver for fare enforcement, as too many bus drivers were being assaulted in disputes over fare payment. Fare Enforcement on all buses are now the responsibility of the Transit Police and Transit Security Department. Officers may board a bus at any time and conduct a fare inspection. Those who fail to pay the fare and retain proof of payment could be removed from the bus and/or fined $173.

History[edit]

CMBC was created on April 1, 1999. Bus service in Greater Vancouver was formerly provided by BC Transit. (BC Transit now refers only to the provincial government corporation that operates transit outside of Metro Vancouver.)

Retired fleet roster[edit]

The following fleet are/were owned by TransLink and operated and maintained by CMBC.

Order Year Picture Manufacturer Model Powertrain
(Engine/Transmission)
Propulsion Fleet Notes
<<< 40 feet >>
1982 Flyer Industries D901A
  • Detroit Diesel 6V71N
  • Allison V730
Diesel 1158-1192
  • All retired except 1191, which is preserved by TRAMS.
  • Original fleet numbers were 3165-3199.
GMDD T6H-5307N
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Allison V730
4101-4115
  • 4107 is preserved by TRAMS. Retired early 2007.
1987 TC40-102N
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Allison V731
4116-4143
1989 MCI 4144-4192
1990
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Voith D86.3ADR
4193-4199 4201-4278
  • 4269-4278 were suburban buses.
  • 4254 had Voith D863.3 transmission.
  • 4276 is preserved by TRAMS.
1991 Translink-V3164.jpg NFI D40
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Allison HTB-748
3101-3210
  • All retired
  • 3102 donated to Thompson Rivers University
  • 3106 restored by TRAMS
  • 3118 donated to Justice Institute Maple Ridge
  • 3122 sold to Cypress Coach Lines
  • 3139 sold to the Vancouver Fire Department
  • 3147 sold to CFB
  • 3155 sold to private owner
  • 3157 had a Detroit Diesel Series 50 engine and an Allison B400R transmission.
1992 3211-3257
  • 3232-3242 were suburban buses.
1995 C40 Diesel (ex-CNG) 3258-3282
  • Retired in 2011
  • Originally had Detroit Diesel Series 50G.
  • All buses were converted to diesel between 2004-2006.
  • 3262, 3264, 3266, 3270-3272 were sold to Southland Transportation in Calgary, Alberta.
1998 DE40LF Diesel electric (ex-Hydrogen fuel cell) 7244-7246
  • ex-F40LF.
  • Converted to diesel electric in 2004.
  • 7245 was returned to Ballard Power Systems.
  • Run as part of the Testing the Power of Tomorrow Demonstration from 2005 to 2006, then ran revenue service till 2010.
  • Stored and retired in June 2010. Scrapped in Dec 2012.
Nova Bus LFS Diesel 7298
<<< Trolley bus >>>
1982-1983 Vancouver Flyer E902 trolleybus in 1985.jpg Flyer Industries E901A-E902 Electric trolley bus 2701-2947
  • All retired by 2008.
  • 80 units were sold to Mendoza, Argentina.
  • 2805 and 2812 preserved by TRAMS. 2812 scrapped
<<< 60 feet >>>
1991 An older high-floor NFI D60
  • Detroit Diesel 6V92TA
  • Allison HTB-748
Diesel 3001-3021
  • Retired 2010

Current fleet roster[edit]

The following fleet are/were owned by TransLink and operated and maintained by CMBC.

  • high floor model buses
Order Year Picture Manufacturer Model Powertrain
(Engine/Transmission)
Propulsion Fleet
(Qty.)
Notes
<<< 40 feet >>
1995 Translink-bus-R7149.jpg NFI D40LF Diesel 7101-7150
(1)
  • 7141 was used in an earthquake scenario training at False Creek Flats
  • 7104,7108,7129,7133 and 7138 were sold to BC Transit in spring 2014
  • 7115 is the last active unit
1996 7151-7243
(38)
  • Being retired
  • 7161,7162,7183,7228,7230 and 7240 were sold to BC Transit in spring 2014
  • 7198 transferred to West Vancouver Municipal Transit in March 2015
  • 7200 was mistakenly numbered against the Government of BC law.
1998 C40LF
  • Detroit Diesel Series 50EGR
  • Allison WB-400R5
CNG 3283-3287, 3289-3291, 3293-3299, 3301, 3303-3305
(23)
  • 3283-3287, 3289-3291, 3293-3301, 3303-3305 retrofitted to diesel in April 2009
  • 3288, 3292, 3302, 3306-3308 retired early May 2011
  • Originally powered by Detroit Diesel Series 50G engines
D40LF
  • Detroit Diesel Series 50
  • Allison WB-400R5
Diesel 7247-7297
(35)
  • 7249 Struck a traffic pole in May 2016 and was retired
  • 7250 involve in an MVA in February 2016 and was retired
  • Being retired
1999 7299, 7301-7374
(71)
  • 7299 transferred to West Vancouver Municipal Transit as 990 in March 2005
  • Being retired
2000 7375-7394, 7396-7399, 7401-7429
(52)
  • 7395 retired due to an engine fire in 2008
  • 7420 retired and salvaged for parts
  • Originally powered by Cummins ISC engines
2001 7430-7446
(17)
Translink-R9250.jpg OBI V (05.501)
  • Detroit Diesel Series 50EGR
  • Allison WB-500R6
9201-9276
(76)
  • Suburban configuration
  • Used for "express service"
  • 9201-9205, 9208, 9217, 9249, 9258, 9262 are used for the Rapid Bus Service over the Port Mann Bridge
  • 9210 retired from major accident in 2011.
  • 9225 retired from engine fire in 2003.
2005-07 Vancouver trolley2101 050720.jpg NFI E40LFR Electric trolley bus 2101–2199, 2201–2289
(188)
  • 2101 pilot E40LF trolley bus
  • "2105 was involved fatal MVA with a stolen minivan on April 8, 2014[4]
2006 Newflyer-p3340.jpg C40LFR
  • Cummins Westport C-Gas Plus
  • Cummins Westport ISL-G
  • Allison WB-400R5
CNG 3309-3358
(50)
  • 3312, 3348 and 3356 repowered to Cummins Westport ISL-G engine
  • 3353 had an engine fire on December 1, 2008; repaired and returned to service on December 20, 2010.
Translink-B7467.jpg D40LFR
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison WB-400R6
Diesel 7447-7499, 7501-7504
(57)
2007 TransLink-B9605.jpg NovaBus LFS
  • Cummins ISL
  • ZF 6HP592C
9601-9699, 9701-9725
(114)
2008 9726-9791
(76)
OBI V (05.501) 9277-9285
(9)
  • Suburban configuration
  • Used for express service
2009-10 NovaBus LFS HEV
  • Cummins ISB
  • Allison EP-40 HybriDrive
Hybrid 9401-9499, 9501-9542
(141)
  • 9405: Involved in a MVA at Brentwood Station on March 20, 2010.
  • 9484: Shown at Trans-Expo 2009 in Montreal
  • 9506: Caught fire on September 9, 2011
LFS Diesel 9543-9581, 9583-9590
(47)
  • 9582 is non-existent.
2014 Two XN40.jpg NFI XN40
  • Cummins ISL9
  • ZF 6AP1400B
CNG 14001-14045
(45)
2016 NFI XD40
  • Cummins ISL9
  • ZF 6AP1400B
Diesel 16101-16140

(40)

  • Build Date: April 2016
  • First unit entered service: 16103 on July 5, 2016
  • 16102 entered service on July 6, 2016
  • 16101, 16105-16108 entered service on July 19, 2016
<<< 60 feet >>>
1998 NFI D60LF Diesel 8001-8021

(14)

  • Those in worst condition being retired
  • 8010 has Balios Orange LED destination sign
1999 Translink-B8038.jpg 8022-8047
(22)
  • Those in worst condition being retired
2000 B-Line-R8063.jpg 8048-8099, 8101
(41)
  • 8054 retired from engine fire in 2003; coach completely consumed.
  • 8049 retired after major accident in March 2011 and scrapped in summer 2011.
  • 8055 was involved in a major accident in July 2014 and was retired
  • Those in worst condition being retired
2007 D60LFR 8105-8117
(13)
2007-08 E60LFR Electric trolley bus 2501–2540
(40)
  • First "E60LFR" model produced by New Flyer
2009 Vancouver E60LFR trolleybus 2563.jpg 2541–2574
(34)
DE60LFR
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP-50 HybriDrive
Hybrid 8118-8156
(39)
2012
2015
XDE60-2.jpg XDE60
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison EP-50 HybriDrive
12001-12025
(25)
15001-15021
(21)

Community Shuttle[edit]

Year Builder Model Status Propulsion Fleet series Total Notes
1992-2004 Ford E450 Retired Diesel S002-S056, S062-S102 92 Commercial Body Builders Ltd Polar V body
1996-1997 Ford E450 Retired Diesel S057-S061 5 Champion CH-251FL body
2005 GMC C5500 Retired Diesel S200-S236 37 El Dorado Aero Elite body
2006-2009 GMC C5500 Some units brought

back in service,

mostly active

Diesel S237-S380 154 El Dorado Aero Elite body
2012-2014 International AC Series Releases fumes, to

be retired

Diesel S410-S471 62 IC Bus AC Series body
2014 Chevrolet G4500 Active Gasoline S501-S544 44 El Dorado Aerotech body
2016 Chevrolet G4500 New order, under

testing, some active

N/A 16501-16562 62 To replace S410-S471.

SeaBus[edit]

Propulsion Services
Diesel Burrard Beaver, Burrard Otter, Burrard Pacific Breeze, Burrard Otter II

Notes:

  • Handicapped/disabled access All vehicles are wheelchair-accessible.
  • All CMBC diesel vehicles are currently running on bio-diesel.

Prefixes[edit]

Letter prefixes are prepended to the bus numbers on all conventional Coast Mountain buses, except trolleys. Generally, the prefixes are used to identify which garage the bus is operating from.

  • V - Vancouver
  • B - Burnaby
  • P - Port Coquitlam
  • R - Richmond
  • H - Hamilton
  • S - Surrey/Community Shuttle
  • T - Special training vehicle

Additional fleet notes[edit]

The first/prototype 40 ft New Flyer/Vossloh Kiepe low-floor trolley bus arrived at the Oakridge Transit Centre on July 2, 2005.[5] The 187 additional vehicles of that type arrived in 2006–2007, and all had entered service by the end of 2007. The first 60-foot (18 m) articulated trolley coach (#2501) arrived at the Oakridge Transit Centre in January 2007. The others started arriving in January 2008, and all 74 had entered service by the end of 2009.[6]

It was announced that the original bike racks on the 2006 New Flyer buses can only be used in daylight, as they block the headlights at night. Many of them have now been replaced with a modified "V2W" rack.

Facilities[edit]

  • Oakridge Transit Centre - In operation since 1948, Oakridge was to be decommissioned and likely sold for re-development beginning in 2007. However, with the arrival of several New Flyer and Novabus orders since 2006 it remained an active support facility conducting retrofitting on these vehicles in preparation for revenue service. Additionally, the Oakridge yard was home to many retired coaches, including E901/902 trolleys, New Flyer D40s, and other vehicles. In Spring of 2008, as part of a re-organization and expansion at Burnaby Transit Centre, Oakridge took over many of the tasks formerly located at the other facility. The Community Shuttle Service was one of the groups moved making Oakridge an active transit centre once again. However, in September 2016, the shuttle operations were shifted to the new Hamilton Transit Centre. The property has been sold to an Asian developer. Only retired buses sit in the transit centre.
  • Vancouver Transit Centre - New garage for Vancouver bus operations, open effective September 2, 2006. This garage serves the trolley routes, as well as most of Vancouver's buses.
  • Burnaby Transit Centre - This depot, built in 1986, is split into two facilities separated by Kitchener Street and is home to the 99 B-Line rapid transit route. Serving parts of Burnaby and New Westminster, as well the North Shore and east Vancouver, Burnaby Transit Centre is also home to many support services such as Environmental Services, Trolley Overhead, Facilities Maintenance, Fire Prevention, and Non-Revenue Vehicle Maintenance. Beginning in September 2016, North Shore transit routes operate out of this transit centre.
  • North Vancouver Transit Centre - This depot was built in 1946, and was the base for most North Shore services not operated by West Vancouver Municipal Transit. It is now closed, and all North Vancouver routes now operate from Burnaby Transit Centre.
  • North Vancouver Seabus Centre
  • Port Coquitlam Transit Centre - Opened in 1978, it was the first garage to support Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) vehicles. Base for the 97 B-Line and serves the Tri-Cities, New Westminster, Maple Ridge and Pitt Meadows areas.
  • Richmond Transit Centre - Base for the suburban routes served by Orion V highway coaches and local routes in Richmond and South Delta, and the ex-98 B-Line vehicles. Opened in 2000.
  • Hamilton Transit Centre - This facility opened in Fall 2016, and took over operations of various Richmond, Burnaby and New Westminster routes. It is based for most services terminating at 22nd Street Station
  • Surrey Transit Centre - Base for all Surrey, Langley, North Delta and some White Rock and Ladner services. Opened in 1976.
  • Fleet Overhaul (located at Burnaby Transit Centre) is where the majority of body repair and repainting is carried out as well as engine and component overhaul, while minor repair is most likely carried out at the bus's home garage. Fleet Overhaul is in the process of having a new facility built within the Maple Ridge area.

Employees[edit]

CMBC's 4300+ employees are spread across Metro Vancouver.

  • The 3700 bus operators, represented by Unifor Local 111, and the 1100 maintenance employees, represented by Unifor Local 2200, work out of the six regional depots.
  • The SeaBus staff of 80, including marine attendants, deck officers, engineers, coordinators (also represented by Unifor Local 2200), and office staff work from their North Vancouver location.
  • The 600 staff involved in scheduling, training, operational planning, and administrative services are spread throughout the system, as well as at CMBC’s head office in New Westminster are represented by the Canadian Office and Professional Employees Union, Local 378.
  • In October 2008, CMBC was named one of BC's Top Employers by Mediacorp Canada Inc., which was announced by The Vancouver Sun, The Province and the Victoria Times-Colonist.[7]
  • Coast Mountain Bus Company operates the Transit Security Department for Translink. Metro Vancouver Transit Police are mobile, ride buses and trains, inspect fares, issue fines and patrol TransLink Properties (Bus Loops, SkyTrain Stations, SeaBus Terminals, etc.). Metro Vancouver Transit Police are authorized to arrest persons who commit criminal offences on or in relation to any Translink Properties per the Criminal Code. Metro Vancouver Transit Police are also authorized to enforce Transit Conduct and Safety Regulations, as well as the Transit Tariff Bylaw.

B-Line services[edit]

B-Line is a system of express bus lines with bus rapid transit elements using mostly 60-foot (18 m) low-floor articulated buses. There may also be all-door boarding.

Routes[edit]

Two routes currently are in operation:

Five additional routes are scheduled to open early in 2017,[8] with the 95 B-Line having the most priority.

Two lines have been terminated. One of which was replaced with the Canada Line, and another which was replaced by the Evergreen Extension:

Gallery of fleet examples[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]