Coastal Konjo language

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Coastal Konjo
Konjo Pesisir
Native toIndonesia
RegionSouth Sulawesi
Native speakers
(125,000 cited 1990)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kjc

Coastal Konjo is an Austronesian language of Sulawesi, Indonesia, which belongs to the Makassaric branch of the South Sulawesi subgroup. It is spoken along the coast in the southeastern corner of South Sulawesi in the regencies of Sinjai, Bulukumba and Bantaeng.[3][4] It is closely related to, but distinct from Highland Konjo, which also belongs to the Makassaric languages.


The following sound inventory is based on Friberg & Friberg (1991).[5]


Front Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

The vowel /a/ is realized as [ə] before geminate nasals.


Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive/Affricate voiceless p t t͡ʃ k ʔ
voiced b d d͡ʒ ɡ
Fricative s h
Semivowel j w
Lateral l
Trill r

Only [ŋ] and [ʔ] can appear in final position. Words with underlying final /s/, /l/ or /r/ add an echo vowel, e.g. /nipis/ ['nipisi] 'thin'.


  1. ^ Coastal Konjo at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Coastal Konjo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Grimes, C. E. and B. E. Grimes (1987). Languages of South Sulawesi. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. ISBN 0858833522.
  4. ^ Friberg, T. and T.V. Laskowske (1989). "South Sulawesi languages". In: J.N. Sneddon (ed.), Studies in Sulawesi linguistics part 1, pp. 1-17. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Seri Nusa.
  5. ^ Friberg, Barbara and Friberg, Timothy (1991). Notes on Konjo phonology. In James N. Sneddon (ed.), Studies in Sulawesi linguistics, part II, 71-115. Jakarta: Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya.