|Builders:||Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, Flensburg, Germany|
|Preceded by:||Victoria Class, Cowichan Class|
|Built:||2006 - 2008|
|Tonnage:||1,770 t (Deadweight)|
|Displacement:||10,034 t (9,876 long tons; 11,061 short tons) displacement (max)|
|Length:||160 m (524 ft 11 1⁄4 in)|
|Beam:||28.2 m (92 ft 6 1⁄4 in)|
|Draft:||5.75 m (18 ft 10 3⁄8 in)|
|Installed power:||3,840 kW (5,149.5 hp) each|
|Propulsion:||Four MaK 8M32C diesel engines|
|Speed:||21 kn (39 km/h; 24 mph)|
|Crew:||34 (A licence)|
Coastal Class ferries, also known as the "Super-C Class", are currently the largest double-ended ferries in the world. These vessels are owned and operated by BC Ferries of British Columbia, Canada and were built at the Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft shipyard in Flensburg, Germany.
The three ferries (Coastal Renaissance, Coastal Inspiration, and Coastal Celebration) replace the aging V class ferries. They operate on the three busiest routes connecting the Lower Mainland to Vancouver Island—Tsawwassen↔Swartz Bay, Tsawwassen↔Duke Point, and Horseshoe Bay↔Departure Bay.
The first new Coastal Class vessel, Coastal Renaissance, departed for British Columbia on October 27, 2007, and arrived in British Columbia on December 13, 2007. She entered service on the Departure Bay to Horseshoe Bay run on March 8, 2008. She was followed by Coastal Inspiration, which left Germany on February 9 and arrived March 25, and the Coastal Celebration, which departed on May 9 and arrived on June 18. The vessels' names were based on submissions received during a "naming contest" in the fall of 2005.
The total purchase price of the three new ships was €206.4 million or approximately CAD $325 million at the time of the contract's announcement (September 2004). According to BC Ferries at this time, this was 40 percent lower than the lowest Canadian shipyard's bid. Since that time, the Canadian dollar substantially increased vis-à-vis the euro. As of March 2006, due to exchange rate fluctuations, the total translated purchase price dropped to CAD $290 million, an unanticipated savings of approximately $35 million in BC Ferries' favour.
There were 14 bids for construction in total, three from within Canada, and the remainder from elsewhere. The decision to build the ships outside Canada was unpopular, particularly in BC. There were parties who argued that the Federal government should have stepped in to ensure these new ferries would be built in Canada. Part of the argument was that for reasons of national sovereignty, Canada needed to retain a domestic shipbuilding industry to service Royal Canadian Navy vessels. BC Ferries intended to request the Federal Government waive the 25 percent import duties (there is no free trade agreement between Germany and Canada), but BC Ferries must show that West Coast shipyards are no longer capable of constructing a vessel the size of the ‘Coastal Class’ ferry.
Another reason BC Ferries chose Flensburger's bid was that aside from taking the risk of construction cost overruns, Flensburger also provided guarantees on the ships' delivery dates and performance.
For example, if the ships are not timely delivered to Victoria, BC, then BC Ferries was permitted to levy penalties of CAD $40,000 (€25,000) per day up to a maximum of $6 million. After delays of 180 days, BC Ferries could rescind the contract for a full refund. However, construction proceeded ahead of schedule at one point and was completed under budget.
Additional penalties were based on vessel performance. Had a vessel's service speed fallen short of her contract performance specifications, BC Ferries could levy a fine of CAD $160,000 (€100,000) per tenth of a knot below specifications. If the ferries had fallen one knot below specifications, BC Ferries could similarly cancel the contract for a full refund. However, as BC Ferries is in dire needs of new ships to replace its ageing, single hulled V-class ferries, a problem increasingly in the media cross-hairs since the March 22, 2006 foundering of the MV Queen of the North, it was unlikely the corporation would have cancelled any new ferry for being too late or too slow.
According to BC Ferries, none of the Canadian shipyards' bids provided similar guarantees. The cost certainty guarantee was a significant consideration for BC Ferries (especially since the recent steel price increases) after being liable for cost overruns on the Pacificat fast ferries.
BC Ferries also acquires the new vessels' design plans as part of the contract; BC Ferries does not hold title to the design, plans or drawings of the Spirit Class ferries.
- Vancouver Sun "BC Ferries new ships ahead of schedule" 12 March 2007
- BC Ferries Press Release, May 11, 2006 (vessel names)
- BC Ferries Press Release, September 17, 2004 (winning bid)
- BC Ferries and the west coast shipyards provide a timely case study Canadian American Strategic Review, August 2004
- BC Ferries Press Release, August 29, 2006 (construction begins)
PacifiCat Series & S Class (Super) Ferries
|BC Ferries Mainland-Island Flagship