Coat of arms of Sweden

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Greater coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sweden
Great coat of arms of Sweden.svg
Versions
Great coat of arms of Sweden (without mantle).svg
Version without the ermine mantling
Great coat of arms of Sweden (shield and chain).svg
Version without the ermine mantling, the compartment and the supporters
Great coat of arms of Sweden (shield).svg
Version consisting of the crowned escutcheon only
Details
Armiger Carl XVI Gustaf
The King of Sweden
Adopted 1448
November 17, 1905
Crest Royal Crown of Sweden
Escutcheon Azure, quartered by a cross Or with outbent arms, and an inescutcheon containing the dynastic arms of the Royal House. In the first and fourth fields three open crowns Or, placed two above one. In the second and third fields three sinisterbendwise streams argent, a lion crowned with an open crown Or armed gules. The inescutcheon is party per pale the arms for the House of Vasa (Bendwise azure, argent and gules, a vasa (sheaf of wheat) Or); and the House of Bernadotte (Azure, issuant from a wavy base a bridge with three arches and two towers embattled argent, in honour point an eagle regardant with wings inverted resting on thunderbolts Or, and in chief the Big Dipper constellation of the same).
Supporters two lions regardant, crowned and with forked tails (queue fourchée) Or armed gules, standing on a compartment Or
Compartment Pedestal Or
Orders Order of Seraphim
Other elements All surrounded by ermine mantling, crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseladorned strings Or
Lesser coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sweden
Coat of arms of Sweden (shield and chain).svg
Versions
Coat of arms of Sweden.svg
Version without the Order of the Seraphim
Details
Armiger The Riksdag
Government of Sweden
King of Sweden
Adopted 1336[1]
November 17, 1905
Crest Royal Crown of Sweden
Escutcheon Azure, three coronets Or, placed two above one
Orders Order of Seraphim

The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges riksvapen) has a lesser and a greater version.

Regulated usage[edit]

The usage of the coats of arms is regulated by Swedish Law, Act 1970:498, which states (in unofficial translation) that "in commercial activities, the coats of arms, the flag or other official insignia of Sweden may not be used in a trademark or other insignias for products or services without proper authorisation. This includes any mark or text referring to the Swedish State which thus can give the commercial mark a sign of official endorsement. This includes municipal coats of arms which are registered."

Any representation consisting of three crowns ordered two above one are considered to be the lesser coat of arms, and its usage is therefore restricted by law 1970:498.

Variants[edit]

Greater version[edit]

The greater coat of arms is blazoned in Swedish law as follows:

A shield azure, quartered by a cross Or with outbent arms, and an inescutcheon containing the dynastic arms of the Royal House. In the first and fourth fields three open crowns Or, placed two above one. In the second and third fields three sinisterbendwise streams argent, a lion crowned with an open crown Or armed gules. The inescutcheon is party per pale the arms for the House of Vasa (Bendwise azure, argent and gules, a vasa Or); and the House of Bernadotte (Azure, issuant from a wavy base a bridge with three arches and two towers embattled argent, in honor point an eagle regardant with wings inverted resting on thunderbolts Or, and in chief the Big Dipper constellation of the same). The main shield is crowned by a royal crown and surrounded by the insignia of the Order of the Seraphim. Supported by two lions regardant, crowned and with forked tails Or armed gules, standing on a compartment Or. All surrounded by ermine mantling, crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseladorned strings Or.[2]

The greater arms may also be displayed only with the crowned escutcheon. While the arms have undergone significant changes over the years, such as changing the inescutcheon with the ruling dynasty, they are based on arms created by King Karl Knutsson in 1448.[3]

The escutcheon used in the greater blazon has in total five elements: 4 quarterings on the main escutcheon (two coats of arms duplicated), and three coat of arms incorporated into an escutcheon of pretense. However, Bernadotte never used any stars in the arms of Pontecorvo (neither as Prince of Pontecorvo, nor as King of Sweden and Norway) contrary to the illustration below. The stars were introduced as an element in the royal coat of arms in the 19th century,[4] chosen as a symbol of Sweden's eternal existence, as in the poem by Esaias Tegnér:

As long as Charles's Wain still turns
Its golden wheels around the Northern zone
Intact shall stand the ancient Swedish throne.

This symbol became especially popular through its allusion to the name that had been borne by so many famous Swedish kings. Charles's Wain, or as it is called in Swedish, Karlavagnen, adds a Swedish accent to the Bernadotte dynastic coat of arms much in the same way as do the Vasa arms.[5]


 
 
 
 
Great shield of arms of Sweden.svg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shield of arms of Sweden.svg
The three crowns
 
Arms of Bjelbo.svg
House of Bjelbo
 
Arms of Bernadotte.svg
House of Bernadotte
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arms of Vasa.svg
The House of Vasa
 
 
Coat of Arms of Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte.svg
Arms of Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte
as prince of Ponte Corvo
and Marshal of France
(later Charles XIV of Sweden)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arms of the French Empire3.svg
Napoleon I
 
 
Pontecorvo-Stemma.png
Ponte Corvo
 
The personal command banner of the King is a rendition of the emblazonment of the greater arms. Introduced by royal regulation in 1943, it has only been created once.

The arms are supported by two lions with forked tails (queue fourchée), facing away from the shield and crowned with Royal Crowns. For centuries, the lion has been an important element in Swedish heraldry and especially for the State Coat of Arms. The shield may be surmounted by the Collar of the Order of Seraphim, the foremost order in Sweden, and the highest honour the Swedish state can bestow on an individual.[6]

Besides being the official national coat of arms, the greater coat of arms is also the personal coat of arms of the king, and as such he can decree its use as a personal coat of arms by other members of the Royal House, with the alterations and additions decided by him.

Blazon: "The greater state arms consist of a head shield azure, quartered by a cross or with outbent arms, and an inescutcheon containing the dynastic arms of the Royal House.

In the first and fourth fields three coronets or, placed two above one. In the second and third fields three sinisterbendwise streams argent, a lion crowned with an open crown or with armaments gules. The inescutcheon is party per pale the arms for the House of Vasa and the House of Bernadotte. The main shield is crowned by a royal crown and surrounded by the insignia of the Order of the Seraphim. Supported by two lions regardant or crowned, with parted tails and armaments gules, standing on a postament. All surrounded by hermine mantling crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseled strings or."

Lesser version[edit]

The lesser coat of arms is mainly used by the Government of Sweden and subordinate government authorities. As such it may be joined by insignias symbolising the activity of individual government agencies, following approval by the State Board of Heraldry. It is, for instance, embroidered on all Swedish police uniforms and in various coats of arms of the Swedish Armed Forces.

Blazon: "Azure, with three coronets Or, ordered two above one." Crowned with a royal crown. The shield may also be surrounded by the insignias of the Order of the Seraphim."

Royal Family[edit]

Coat of arms Bearer
Great coat of arms of Sweden.svg Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Coat of arms of Silvia, Queen of Sweden.svg Silvia, Queen of Sweden
Coat of arms of Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland.svg Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland
Coat of arms of Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland.svg Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland
Coat of arms of Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland.svg Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland
Coat of arms of Prince Oskar, Duke of Skåne.svg Prince Oscar, Duke of Skåne
Coat of arms of Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland.svg Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
Coat of arms of Prince Alexander, Duke of Södermanland.svg Prince Alexander, Duke of Södermanland
Coat of arms of Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland.svg Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
Coat of arms of Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gutland.svg Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gotland
Coat of arms of Prince Nicolas, Duke of Angermanland.svg Prince Nicolas, Duke of Ångermanland

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loÿe, Georges de (1986). "Om ursprunget till det svenska riksvapnet Tre Kronor". Heraldisk tidsskrift (in Swedish). 1986(6):54,: 155–174 : ill. ISSN 0440-6966. 0440-6966. 
  2. ^ Original text of Swedish statute 1982:268, 2 §, states: Stora riksvapnet utgörs av en blå huvudsköld, kvadrerad genom ett kors av guld med utböjda armar, samt en hjärtsköld som innehåller det kungliga husets dynastivapen. Huvudsköldens första och fjärde fält innehåller tre öppna kronor av guld, ordnade två över en. Huvudsköldens andra och tredje fält innehåller tre ginbalksvis gående strömmar av silver, överlagda med ett upprest, med öppen krona krönt lejon av guld med röd tunga samt röda tänder och klor. Hjärtskölden är kluven. Första fältet innehåller Vasaättens vapen: ett i blått, silver och rött styckat fält, belagt med en vase av guld. Andra fältet innehåller ätten Bernadottes vapen: i blått fält en ur vatten uppskjutande bro med tre valv och två krenelerade torn, allt av silver, däröver en örn av guld med vänstervänt huvud och sänkta vingar gripande om en åskvigg av guld samt överst Karlavagnens stjärnbild av guld. Huvudskölden är krönt med en kunglig krona och omges av Serafimer ordens insignier. Sköldhållare är två tillbakaseende, med kunglig krona krönta lejon med kluvna svansar samt röda tungor, tänder och klor. Lejonen står på ett postament av guld. Det hela omges av en med kunglig krona krönt hermelinsfodrad vapenmantel av purpur med frans av guld och uppknuten med tofsprydda snören av guld. Stora riksvapnet får brukas även utan ordensinsignier, sköldhållare, postament eller vapenmantel. "Lag (1982:268) om Sveriges riksvapen". Swedish Code of Statutes (in Swedish). Sveriges Riksdag. 1982-04-29. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  3. ^ "Stora riksvapnet" (in Swedish). Swedish National Archives. 2011-12-20. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  4. ^ Berghman, Arvid (1944). Dynastien Bernadottes vapen och det svenska riksvapnet. Skrifter / utgivna av Riksheraldikerämbetet, 99-2298099-1 ; 1 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Svensk litteratur. 
  5. ^ http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/articles/early_history_of_heraldry/the_three_crowns_of_sweden.htm
  6. ^ See sections 2 and 3, Lag No. 268 om Sveriges Riksvapen of April 29, 1982.