National emblem of Azerbaijan
|Emblem of Azerbaijan |
|Armiger||Republic of Azerbaijan|
|Adopted||17 November 1990 (1918)|
|Blazon||Vert, On a Mullet of eight points Argent, fimbriated Or, an Eternal flame, a Bordure gules within a Bordure azure, semy of eight bezants|
|Compartment||Wheat and Oak|
The state emblem of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan gerbi) mixes traditional and modern symbols. The focal point of the emblem is the fire symbol, and this comes from the fact that Azerbaijan has many everlasting fires which also gives the name "land of eternal fire" – in representation of its original roots in Zoroastrianism. The fire symbol also represents the word الله (lit. Allah), the Arabic name for God. It also represents Islam, the dominant religion of Azerbaijan.
At the bottom of the emblem is a stalk of wheat, representing the main agricultural product of the nation, which was also part of the earlier arms. The other plant represented at the bottom is oak.
The government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic declared a competition on the national emblem of Azerbaijan on 30 January 1920 and made a decision to present the emblem model on May of the same year. However, due to the collapse of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic on 28 April 1920, the emblem was not approved.
The Supreme Medjlis of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic discussed the issue connected with the national emblem and raised petition in the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan SSR on declaration of a new competition on the national emblem of Azerbaijan on 17 November 1990.
The competition was declared by the decision of the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan Republic on 5 February 1991. Tens of projects of the emblem were presented during the competition of 1991–1992 and it was also proposed to approve one of the projects developed between 1919–1920.
By the Constitutional Law of the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan Republic, approved on 19 January 1993, one of the projects, developed between 1919–1920 with certain alterations was confirmed the national emblem of Azerbaijan.
Like other post-Soviet republics whose symbols do not predate the October Revolution, the current emblem retained partial components of the Soviet one such as the wheat and the color red on the shield previously seen in the banners.
The colours used in composing the emblem are taken from the national flag. The green represents Islam; red represents the development and democracy of Azerbaijan; and blue represents that the Azerbaijanis are a Turkic people. The eight-pointed star (octagram) itself stands for the eight branches of the Turkic peoples, and between each point of the star, there is a smaller yellow circle found.
The National Emblem symbolizes the independence of Azerbaijan. It is the image of an oriental shield and a semicircle formed by the branches of an oak-tree and ears resting on it. The shield contains the image of a fire that resemble the "land of fire" – in the center of an eight-point star against a background of the colors of the National flag.
The Azerbaijani emblem is shown on:
- The residence and the private office of the President of the Azerbaijan republic;
- The building of the Parliament of the Azerbaijan Republic, its conference hall and the private office of the chair of the parliament;
- All courts, buildings of military tribunals, halls of judicial assembly; private offices of the chairs of the Supreme Court and Constitutional Court of the Azerbaijan Republic;
- Buildings of state bodies in cases stipulated in the legislative system of the Azerbaijan Republic;
- Buildings of diplomatic and trade representations and consulates of the Azerbaijan Republic.