Coat of arms of Benin
|Coat of arms of Benin|
|Armiger||Republic of Benin|
|Crest||Two horns (cornucopias) with corn in the ear and filled with sand|
|Escutcheon||Quarterly,1, Argent, a representation of Somba Castle Or, 2, Argent, a representation of the Star of Benin proper, 3, Argent, a Palm Tree proper, 4, Argent, a Lymphad Sable, in base Azure|
|Motto||Fraternité, Justice, Travail
"Brotherhood, Justice, Work"
At the top of the emblem is the national crest that consists of two horns with corn in the ear and filled with sand. These are reputed to stand for prosperity. Below the crest is a shield that contains the actual coat of arms of Benin.
The shield is broken into four quadrants. The top left quadrant contains a castle in the style of the Somba, representative of the history of Benin. In the top right quadrant, is the Star of Benin, the highest award of the nation. Below this is a ship, that stands for the arrival of Europeans in Benin. In the lower left quadrant is a palm tree.
Former coat of arms
In 1975, the People's Republic of Benin (as the country was then known - see history of Benin for more details) adopted a new coat of arms which reflected the country's adherence to Marxism-Leninism. The symbolism of the flag was as follows:
- Green symbolized the nature of the country
- The red star symbolized socialism
- The corn cobs represented agriculture and farmers
- The cog-wheel represented industry and the working class
The coat of arms also featured the initials of the country: RPB (French: République populaire du Bénin).
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