Coat of arms of the Czech Republic

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Greater coat of arms
of the Czech Republic
Coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Versions
Greater coat of arms of the Czech Republic (Presidential version).svg
Presidential version with the motto used on Czech Presidential Standard
Details
Armiger Czech Republic
Adopted 17 December 1992
Escutcheon Quarterly: first and fourth gules, a lion rampant queue forchée argent armed, langued and crowned Or (Bohemia); second azure, an eagle displayed chequé gules and argent armed, langued and crowned Or (Moravia); third Or, an eagle displayed sable armed and langued gules crowned of the field and charged on the breast with a crescent terminating in trefoils at each end with issuing from the centrepoint a cross patée argent (Silesia).
Compartment The leaves of the linden tree and the red ribbon with the National Motto
Motto PRAVDA VÍTĚZÍ
"TRUTH PREVAILS"
Lesser coat of arms
of the Czech Republic
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Versions
Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic Logo.svg
Version used by the Chamber of Deputies
Details
Armiger Czech Republic
Adopted 17 December 1992
Escutcheon a lion rampant queue forchée argent armed, langued and crowned Or (Czech lands)

The coat of arms of the Czech Republic (Czech: Státní znak České republiky) displays the three historical regions—the Czech lands—which make up the nation. The current coat of arms, which was adopted in 1992, was designed by Czech heraldist Jiří Louda.[1]

Background[edit]

The arms of Bohemia show a silver double-tailed lion on a red background.[2] This Bohemian Lion makes up the first and the fourth quarters of the greater coat of arms, so it is repeated in the shield. The Moravian red-and-silver chequered eagle is shown on a blue background. Between 1915 and 1918 the Moravian Eagle was chequered in the red-and-gold colors. The arms of Silesia are a black eagle with the so-called "clover stalk" (lat. perisonium) in her breast on a golden background, although only a small south-eastern part of the historical region (Czech Silesia) belongs to the Czech Republic (the main part is now in Poland).

The rulers of Bohemia originally bore for arms a so-called St. Wenceslas flaming eagle. In the 12th century, Emperor Frederick granted new arms to King Vladislaus II consisting of a silver lion on a red field, to symbolise his valor. The lion was at first represented with one tail. Later a second tail was added, for the help provided by the King Přemysl Otakar II fighting the Saxons.[3]

The oldest surviving full color depiction of the arms of Bohemia appears in the Passional of Abbes Cunegund from the 1310s.[4] The Moravian Eagle was first documented on the seal of Ottokar's uncle, Margrave Přemysl (d. 1239). The Silesian Eagle stems from the ruling dynasty of the Piasts and was first applied by Duke Henry II the Pious (1238-1241). The shields also appeared on the emblems of the Crown of Bohemia established by Emperor Charles IV.

Today the greater shield is also used as the badge for the Czech national ice hockey team. On the other hand, Czech national football team is traditionally using just lesser Czech Lion.

Variants[edit]

Greater version[edit]

The greater coat of arms is blazoned in Czech law as follows:

A shield quartered: first and fourth gules, a lion rampant queue forchée argent armed, langued and crowned Or; second azure, an eagle displayed chequé gules and argent armed, langued and crowned Or; third Or, an eagle displayed sable armed and langued gules crowned of the field and charged on the breast with a crescent terminating in trefoils at each end with issuing from the centrepoint a cross patée argent.[5]

Lesser version[edit]

The lesser coat of arms is blazoned in Czech law.[6]

History[edit]

Graphic versions:

Přemyslovci erb.svg

Přemyslid dynasty (Duchy of Bohemia)
Right: The earliest known colored coat of arms of Přemyslids depicted in the Passional of Abbes Kunigunde (1310s)

Originals:

Plamenna orlice kunhuta.jpg
CZ-Cechy-znak.png

Kingdom of Bohemia (Royal Arms of Bohemia)
Right: The oldest depiction of coat of arms of Bohemia, castle Gozzoburg in Krems, fresco painting from the beginning of 70th of 13. century

Nejstarší dochované barevné vyobrazení znaku Čech, hrad Gozzoburg v Kremži.jpeg
Moravská orlice s klenotem.jpg

Margraviate of Moravia
Right: The oldest depiction of coat of arms of Moravia, castle Gozzoburg in Krems, fresco painting from the beginning of 70th of 13. century

Nejstarší dochované barevné vyobrazení znaku markraběcí Moravy, hrad Gozzoburg v Kremži.jpeg

Duchies of Silesia

Silesia arms Blaeu.png

Kingdom of Bohemia
(Royal Arms of Bohemia)

King-of-Bohemia.jpg

Royal Arms of Bohemia by austrian heraldist Hugo Gerard Ströhl (1851-1919)

Wappen Königreich Böhmen.jpg
Bohemia Arms.svg

(note: simple design)
Blason Boheme.svg

(note: wrong crown on lion's head)

Lesser Royal Arms of Bohemia
Right: Colored coat of arms of Bohemia depicted in the Passional of Abbes Kunigunde (1310s)

Lev erb kunhuta.jpg
Blason Boheme couronne.svg

Kingdom of Bohemia
Royal Arms of Bohemia with crown of Saint Wenceslas

Another version by Hugo Gerard Ströhl with crown of Saint Wenceslas

Wappen Königreich Böhmen.png
Coat of arms of the lands of the Bohemian Crown.svg

Lands of the Bohemian Crown
Crown of Arms by Hugo Gerard Ströhl

Greater coat of arms of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938 and 1945-1961).svg

Greater coat of arms of Czechoslovakia (1920-1939)

Greater arms of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1945).svg

Greater CoA of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Lesser coat of arms of Czechoslovakia.svg

Czechoslovakia (1920-1960)

Coat of arms of Czechoslovakia (1961-1989).svg

Czechoslovakia (1960-1990)

Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990-1992)

See also[edit]

References and external links[edit]

  1. ^ Velinger, Jan (2015-09-02). "Heraldist, WWII vet, Jiří Louda dies at 94". Radio Prague. Retrieved 2015-09-28. 
  2. ^ Blazonied as gules, a lion rampant, queue fourchee argent, crowned, langued and armed or.
  3. ^ LOUDA, Jiří: Království české: erby a rodokmeny vladnoucích rodů (Czech Kingdom: Coats of Arms and Family Trees of Governing Arostocratic Families) … Havířov : Petr P.Pavlík, 1996. s. 22-23. ISBN 80-85574-09-8.
  4. ^ "Sbírka Národní knihovny ČR". ces.mkcr.cz. Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic: Central Registry of Museum-type Collections. Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Original text of Czech statute 1993:3, 1 §, states: Velký státní znak tvoří čtvrcený štít, v jehož prvním a čtvrtém červeném poli je stříbrný dvouocasý lev ve skoku se zlatou korunou a zlatou zbrojí. Ve druhém modrém poli je stříbrno-červeně šachovaná orlice se zlatou korunou a zlatou zbrojí. Ve třetím zlatém poli je černá orlice se stříbrným půlměsícem zakončeným jetelovými trojlístky a uprostřed s křížkem, se zlatou korunou a červenou zbrojí.
  6. ^ Original text of Czech statute 1993:3, 1 §, states: Malý státní znak tvoří červený štít, v němž je stříbrný dvouocasý lev ve skoku se zlatou korunou a zlatou zbrojí.