Coat of arms of Crimea
|Coat of arms of Crimea|
Lesser coat of arms
|Adopted||24 September 1992|
|Escutcheon||Gules, a Griffin passant Argent, holding in dexter talon an Oyster Shell also Argent, containing a Pearl Azure.|
|Supporters||On either side, a Pillar Argent|
|Motto||Prosperity in unity (Russian: Процветание в единстве)|
The coat of arms of Crimea (Russian: Герб Крыма, Ukrainian: Герб Криму) is the official coat of arms of the partially recognized Republic of Crimea within the Russian Federation and Autonomous Republic of Crimea that Ukraine claims to still have under its sovereignty.[nb 1] The coat of arms has been in use since 1992 and was officially adopted on April 21, 1999.
The coat of arms consists of a red Varangian shield and a silver griffin passant facing to the heraldic right with an azure pearl in its right paw. On either sides of the shield are a white pillar. At the top of the shield sits the rising sun. Winding around both columns and under the shield rests the Flag of Crimea, a blue–white–red tricolor ribbon, unto which the Motto of Crimea, Процветание в единстве (translated as Prosperity in unity), is inscribed.
The Varangian shield is symbolic of the fact that the region of Crimea was for a long time a crossing of major trade routes. The red field of the coat of arms symbolizes the heroic and dramatic history of Crimea. The griffin is placed on the coat of arms because it is commonly used to represent the territory north of the Black Sea, and is known as the "coat of arms" of Chersonesos and Panticapaeum, where one can see the griffin on artifacts from the area.
Another variation in the symbolism is that the pearl is symbolic of Crimea as a part of Earth, and the griffin as the defender of the young republic. The pearl's azure is reminiscent of the combined culture of Crimea. The white pillars are said to be reminiscent of the ancient civilizations which inhabited the peninsula. The rising sun is symbolic of prosperity and regeneration.
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- Ukrainian heraldry — Coat of arms of Crimea (in Ukrainian)
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- The status of Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is since March 2014 under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities.