Coat of arms of Newfoundland and Labrador
|The Arms of Newfoundland and Labrador|
For use by the Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador
|Armiger||Elizabeth II in Right of Newfoundland & Labrador|
|Adopted||1637/8, fell into disuse, readopted 1928|
|Crest||Upon a wreath Or & Gules an elk passant proper|
|Blazon||Gules a cross argent, in the first quarter a lion passant gardant crowned Or in the second quarter a Unicorn passant argent armed maned and unguled Or gorged with a crown a chain affixed thereto passing between his forelegs and reflexed over his back Or in the third quarter as in the second in the fourth quarter as in the first|
|Supporters||Two Beothuks garbed for war proper|
|Motto||QUAERITE PRIME REGNUM DEI ("Seek ye first the kingdom of God.")|
(From The Gospel According to St. Matthew 6:33)
In 1893, D.W. Prowse published A History of Newfoundland, in which he printed a copy of the Newfoundland arms. Prowse erroneously attributed the armorial bearings to John Guy. The Newfoundland Post Office perpetuated his error by issuing a 1910 two-cent stamp depicting the arms and indicating they were issued to the London and Bristol Company, which financed Guy's colonization attempt.
The Newfoundland arms were rediscovered by London archivists after World War I, and in 1928 became the official coat of arms of the Dominion of Newfoundland. It has been in use ever since, despite the changes in Newfoundland and Labrador's status from Dominion to a colony run by the Commission of Government in 1934, and subsequently to a province of Canada in 1949. The Coat of Arms Act (RSNL 1990, chapter C-20, as amended) provides the current legal authority for the use of the arms.
- Newfoundland's caribou herds are represented by the elk in the crest.
- Two silver unicorns and two gold lions occupy opposing quadrants of the shield. This part of the Coat of Arms recalls the royal beasts that support the arms of the Monarch, the lion represents England and the unicorn stands for Scotland.
- A mossy knoll.
- The two Beothuk supporters refer to the indigenous population of Newfoundland.
- Quaerite prime Regnum Dei, quoting Matthew 6:33 from the Bible, "Seek ye first the kingdom of God".
- Symbols of Newfoundland and Labrador
- Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador
- Canadian heraldry
- National symbols of Canada
- List of Canadian provincial and territorial symbols
- "RSNL1990 CHAPTER C-20 – COAT OF ARMS ACT". Earl G. Tucker, Queen's Printer. 2006. Retrieved 6 September 2008.
- Julian calendar. Also, the date stated on the document says
"...first day of Jan. in the 13th yeare of the Raigne of our dread Souveraigne Lord Charles [...] And in the yeare of Grace 1637".
The "first day of Jan. in the 13th yeare of the Raigne" would refer to 1 January 1638 but the document states 1637 as the legal year began on 25 March rather than 1 January. see: Old Style and New Style dates
- "Heraldry and Flags: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage". Memorial University of Newfoundland. Archived from the original on 29 August 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2008.
- "The Arms, Seals, and Emblems of Newfoundland and Labrador". Memorial University of Newfoundland. Archived from the original on 4 March 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Coat of Arms Act". Queen's Printer, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- Coat of arms and flag of Newfoundland and Labrador Online Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges
- Coat of arms description.
- Coat of arms description.
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