Coat of arms of Ontario

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Coat of Arms of Ontario
Coat of arms of Ontario.svg
Versions
Badge of the Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario.svg
Coat of arms of Ontario (HM Government).svg
For use by the Government of Ontario
Details
Armiger Elizabeth II in Right of Ontario
Adopted 1868, augmented 1909
Crest Upon a wreath of the colours a bear passant Sable
Escutcheon Vert, a sprig of three maple leaves slipped Or, on a chief argent a cross gules.
Supporters On the dexter side a moose and on the sinister side a deer, both proper.
Motto UT INCEPIT FIDELIS SIC PERMANET
Loyal she began, loyal she remains

The coat of arms of Ontario is the heraldic symbol representing the Canadian province of Ontario. The arms contains symbols reflecting Ontario's British heritage along with local symbols. At the upper part of the shield is the red cross of St. George, representing England. The lower portion of the shield features three golden maple leaves on a green background.

The original arms, consisting of only the shield, were granted by royal warrant of Queen Victoria on May 26, 1868. The arms were further augmented with supporters, a crest, and motto, by royal warrant of King Edward VII on February 27, 1909.[1]

The shield, on a Red Ensign, feature in Ontario's provincial flag.

History[edit]

The year following Confederation, arms were granted by Royal warrant from Queen Victoria on May 26, 1868 [1] to Ontario, along with the 3 other provinces of the new Dominion of Canada, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The Dominion Arms were simple and lacked supporters. The Arms of Ontario was comprised what is now the Escutcheon or Shield of the current Arms of Ontario. This original arms can be seen on the Flag of Ontario, which consists of a defaced Red Ensign, with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the arms in the fly. Also seen on the Arms used by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario surrounded by a wreath of gold maple leaves.

In the Warrant, Queen Victoria authorized the four arms of the first provinces to be quartered for use on the Great Seal of Canada, and while this was not done for the first Great Seal, it is through this reference it became the de facto Arms of Canada until 1921. [2] That arms was then also used in the first Canadian Red Ensign, most notably flown at the Battle of Vimy Ridge (See also, Vimy Ridge Red Ensign)

The supporters, crest, and motto, designed by Toronto barrister Edward Marion Chadwick, were added on February 27, 1909 by Royal warrant from King Edward VII. [1]

The province's arms are the only one without royal symbols, namely a crown--although the motto of Ontario, which translates from the Latin "Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet" as "Loyal She Began, Thus She Remains" references perpetual loyalty to the Crown.

Symbolism[edit]

Crest

The crest is a Black Bear, native to Canada, passant Sable, on a gold and green wreath


Shield

The shield of arms consists of three gold maple leaves, representative of Canada, on a green background, above which on the upper third is a wide white band with a red St. George's cross, which recalls the historic connection with Britain in Upper Canada and pays tribute to the namesake, King George III.


Supporters

A Moose Dexter and Canadian Deer Sinister, which are native to Canada


Motto

The motto is Ut incepit Fidelis sic permanet, Latin for Loyal she began, loyal she remains. It refers to the Loyalist refugees from the American Revolution, who settled in the Province of Canada, and for whom the area was separated as Upper Canada.

Legislative Assembly Variant[edit]

History[edit]

In celebration of the bicentennial of the first meeting of the legislature of Upper Canada at Newark (Niagara-on-the-Lake) on September 17, 1792. A petition was made by the then-Speaker, David Warner, to the Chief Herald of Canada for the granting of a unique Coat of Arms which would emphasize the distinctive character of the Legislative Assembly and to distinguish the Assembly's identity from the Government. To that point, the Assembly had used the Coat of Arms of the Government of Ontario. The petition was granted and the new Coat of Arms was presented by then Governor-General Ramon Hnatyshyn at a ceremony in the Legislative Chamber on April 26, 1993. The Legislative Assembly of Ontario is the first legislature in Canada to have a Coat of Arms separate from the provincial coat of arms. [3]

Symbolism[edit]

Crest

The crest is a Griffin holding a Calumet.
The Griffin, an ancient symbol of justice and equity. The Calumet symbolizes the meeting of spirit and discussion that Ontario's First Peoples believe accompanies the use of the pipe.

Crown

The Crown on the wreath represents national and provincial loyalties; its rim is studded with the Provincial Gemstone, Amethyst, and topped with three maple leafs, symbolizing Canada, and two White Trilliums, the flower of Ontario.

Shield

The shield of arms consists of two crossed Maces, joined by the shield of arms of Ontario, on a field of green with a gold rim.
The Mace is the traditional symbol of the authority of the Speaker. Shown on the left is the current Mace. On the right is the original Mace from the time of the first parliament in 1792.

Supporters

A Canadian Deer Dexter and Moose Sinister, which are native to Canada
The Deer and Moose represent the natural riches of the province.
The Loyalist coronets at their necks honour the original European settlers in Ontario who brought with them the parliamentary form of government.
The Royal Crowns, left 1992, right 1792, recognize the parliamentary bicentennial and recall our heritage as a constitutional monarchy. They were granted as a special honour by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on the recommendation of the Governor General.

Compartment

In the base, the Maple Leaves are for Canada, the White Trilliums for Ontario and the Roses for York (now Toronto), the provincial capital.

Motto

The motto is AUDI ALTERAM PARTEM. One of a series of Latin phrases carved in the Chamber of the Legislative Building. It challenges Members of Provincial Parliament to "Hear the Other Side".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Royal Heraldry Society of Canada – Arms of Canada's Provinces and Territories". RHSC. 3 May 2004. Retrieved 6 October 2008. 
  2. ^ Bruce M. Hicks (2010). Use of Non-Traditional Evidence: A case study using heraldry to examine competing theories for Canada’s Confederation. British Journal of Canadian Studies 43 (1), pp.87-117. ISSN 0269-9222. 
  3. ^ "The Coat of Arms". OntLA. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 

External links[edit]