Coat of arms of Oxford
While the bull is common in heraldry, in the arms of Oxford an ox, which is less common, is used. The arms is canting, showing an ox fording over water. The coat of arms with its crest—a blue imperial lion—and supporters was not formally granted but was recorded at the heraldic visitation on 12 August 1634. The oldest image of the ox on the water is from a seal for Oxford from the 14th Century. The water is most likely the River Thames, which runs through the city.
It is not known today what the supporters—an Elephant Ermines eared Argent tusked Or collared and lined Or and a Beaver Vert its tail barry wavy Azure and Argent ducally gorged and lined Or—were meant to symbolize. Both of the beasts also appear in the arms of families associated with the city's history. The tincture of the elephant is ermines, a fur which can also be called counter-ermine. The crown around the neck of the beaver is a duke's coronet.
Arms: Argent an Ox Gules armed and unguled Or passing over a Ford of Water in base barry wavy Azure and Argent. Crest: On a Wreath of the Colours a demi Lion rampant guardant Azure crowned with an Imperial Crown proper holding between the paws a Rose Gules charged with another Argent. Supporters: On the dexter side an Elephant Ermines eared Argent tusked Or collared and lined Or and on the sinister side a Beaver Vert its tail barry wavy [= scaly] Azure and Argent ducally gorged and lined Or. Motto: FORTIS EST VERITAS - Strong is truth
- Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1904). The Art of Heraldry. p. 145.
- von Volborth, Carl Alexander (1983). Heraldry: Customs, Rules and Styles. Omega Books Ltd. p. 32. ISBN 0-907853-47-1.
- "Oxford". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Oxford city". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Hillinger, Ellis (June 25, 2000). "Morris Automotive Heraldry". Retrieved 11 January 2014.