Coat of arms of the Australian Capital Territory
|Coat of Arms of The Australian Capital Territory|
|Armiger||Queen Elizabeth II of Australia in right of the Australian Capital Territory|
|Crest||A gum tree proper upon a mount vert, surmounted by a portcullis ensigned by an Imperial Crown Or|
|Escutcheon||A castle triple-towered and portcullis lowered argent, between in chief a sword and a sceptre saltireways proper surmounted by an Imperial Crown Or, and in base a rose argent, barbed vert and seeded Or.|
|Supporters||Mute swan and a Black swan.|
|Motto||For the Queen, the Law and the People|
The requirement for a coat of arms of Australian Capital Territory was created by the response to a request by the Commonwealth Department of Defence, who wanted to use it on the newly commissioned HMAS Canberra.
In April 1928, the design of one Mr C. R. Wylie, having won the competition, was sent to the College of Arms, in London, for approval. The coat of arms at this stage did not include a motto. After minor adjustments, King George V granted the design by royal warrant dated 8 October 1928. The College of Arms issued the official exemplification (artistic rendition) and blazon (description) on 7 November 1928, along with a crest.
From 1993 a modified version of this coat of arms appear also in the flag of the Australian Capital Territory.
The various symbols of the coat of arms are explained below:
- The crown symbolises Royal authority;
- The mace symbolises the Parliament of Australia;
- The sword symbolises the Sword of State;
- The castle has three towers, symbolising the three branches of government (executive, legislature and judiciary);
- The White Rose is the badge of the Duke of York who opened the old Parliament of Australia building in 1927, and who would later be crowned as King George VI.
- The crowned portcullis again symbolises the legislature (parliament), this being the traditional symbol of the Palace of Westminster, which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom;
- Behind the portcullis is a gum tree which represents the growth and progress of Canberra, and the fact that it is garden city;
- The supporters are the Australian black swan, representing Aboriginal Australians, and the European white mute swan, representing white settlers;
- The motto is "For the Queen, the Law and the People", the English translation of "Pro Rege, Lege et Grege", which is found on the arms of the city of Perth, Scotland, as well as those of the Ponsonby family.
Coat of Arms Change Debate
Coinciding with Canberra's 100 year anniversary in 2013, the debate on whether the coat of arms should be changed appears from time to time in Canberra's media outlets. Criticism has largely centered around the perceived outdatedness of symbols within the arms. For instance, campaigner Terry Fewtrell argues that ‘‘It’s a travesty that nothing in it reflects the real Canberra,’’ he said on Wednesday. ‘‘It is neither Australian, nor reflective of the people and the place that we live in.’’ Examples include the crowns, castle, sword, and mace that are on the coat of arms.
Some proposal for change is present also for the "Flag of the Australian Capital Territory" - even from the current ACT Flag's designer - but for different reason and with totally different design.
- "ACT Flags and Emblems". ACT Government. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "Designs and Notes submitted in competition for Coat-of-Arms for Canberra". Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "Proposal for the City of Canberra Coat of Arms". Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "Coat of Arms now Canberra's". Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "FOR THE KING THE LAW AND THE MOB". Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "Armorial Bearings of the City of Canberra". ArchivesACT. ACT Government. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
- "Quest for a 'relevant' coat of arms". Retrieved 2017-01-21.