Cobalt blue tarantula

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Cobalt blue tarantula
Haplopelma lividum, Cobalt blue tarantula cropped.jpg
In Kaeng Krachan District, Phetchaburi, Thailand
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Genus: Cyriopagopus
Species:
C. lividus
Binomial name
Cyriopagopus lividus
(Smith, 1996)[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Haplopelma lividum Smith, 1996

The cobalt blue tarantula (Cyriopagopus lividus) is a tarantula species (family Theraphosidae) native to Myanmar[1] and over the border into Thailand.[citation needed] It was originally described as Haplopelma lividum.

Description[edit]

The cobalt blue tarantula is a medium-sized tarantula with a leg span around 13 cm (5 in). It is noted for its iridescent blue legs and light gray prosoma and opisthosoma, the latter of which may contain darker gray chevrons.[2] Males and females look the same until the ultimate (final) molt of the males. At this point, the male exhibits sexual dimorphism in the form of a light tan or bronze coloration and legginess. Additionally, males gain a palpal bulb on the pedipalps and tibial apophyses (mating hooks). The female eventually becomes larger than the male and lives years longer.[3] The cobalt blue tarantula is a fossorial species and spends nearly all of its time in deep burrows of its own construction.

Habitat[edit]

Cobalt blue tarantulas inhabit the tropical rains forests of Southeast Asia,[4] where they construct deep burrows, and generally only leave them to find food.

Pets[edit]

The cobalt blue tarantula is a mainstay in the pet trade, despite being a fast and defensive tarantula with potent venom.[5] Bites from this species can result in severe muscle cramps and inflammation.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Taxon details Cyriopagopus lividus Smith, 1996", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2017-03-18
  2. ^ Photos of Haplopelma lividum
  3. ^ http://www.everything-cobalt-blue.com/cobalt-blue-tarantula.html
  4. ^ Smith, A. M. (1996). "A new species of Haplopelma (Araneae: Theraphosidae), with notes on two close relatives". Mygalomorph. 1: 21–32.
  5. ^ Takaoka Makoto (2001). "Tarantulas Bite: Two Case Reports of Finger Bite from Haplopelma lividum". The Japanese Journal of Toxicology. 14 (3): 247–250.
  6. ^ "Cobalt Blue Tarantula (Haplopelma lividum)". Keeping Exotic Pets. Retrieved 2016-04-03.

External links[edit]