Cobden, Illinois

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Cobden
South Pass
Village
Location of Cobden in Union County, Illinois.
Location of Cobden in Union County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°32′2″N 89°15′19″W / 37.53389°N 89.25528°W / 37.53389; -89.25528
Country United States
State Illinois
County Union
Area[1]
 • Total 4.57 sq mi (11.83 km2)
 • Land 4.57 sq mi (11.83 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,157
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 1,124
 • Density 246.01/sq mi (94.99/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s) 62920
Area code(s) 618
FIPS code 17-15300
Wikimedia Commons Cobden, Illinois
Website www.cobdenil.com

Cobden is a village in Union County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,157 at the 2010 census, an increase from 1,116 in 2000.

History[edit]

The village is named after British politician and free-trade advocate Richard Cobden, who visited the town in 1859.[3] An early variant name was "South Pass".[4]

Geography[edit]

Cobden is located at 37°32′2″N 89°15′19″W / 37.53389°N 89.25528°W / 37.53389; -89.25528 (37.533949, -89.255409).[5]

According to the 2010 census, Cobden has a total area of 1.229 square miles (3.18 km2), of which 1.22 square miles (3.16 km2) (or 99.27%) is land and 0.009 square miles (0.02 km2) (or 0.73%) is water.[6]

Cobden is located near the crest of the Shawnee Hills. It is in "Cobden Col", a valley cut into rock by water near the summit of this ancient mountain range. Approximately 100,000 years ago, the Illinoian ice sheet covered almost all of Illinois. As it pushed south, the ice sheet climbed the Shawnee Mountains. The height of the ice sheet was much greater than that of the mountains. It stopped before it reached their summits. As it melted, a lake formed between the mountains and the glacier. Cobden Col was the outlet of this lake.

Mascot[edit]

Cobden's claim to fame is its unique mascot, an Appleknocker, or a man with freckles wearing overalls, a flannel shirt, a straw hat, and chewing on a piece of straw. This nickname originated when the high school first began to compete in athletics. It did not yet have a mascot, so other schools made up this derogatory term to insult the new school because of their large industry in peach and apple orchards. However, when Cobden High School played for and lost the state basketball championship in 1964, this name was cemented in the town's history and became part of it's cultural identity.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880800
189099424.3%
19001,0344.0%
1910988−4.4%
1920944−4.5%
19301,0369.7%
19401,0986.0%
19501,1040.5%
1960918−16.8%
19701,11421.4%
19801,2108.6%
19901,090−9.9%
20001,1162.4%
20101,1573.7%
Est. 20161,124[2]−2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,116 people, 421 households, and 276 families residing in the village. The population density was 908.6 people per square mile (350.3/km²). There were 457 housing units at an average density of 372.1 per square mile (143.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 90.68% White, 1.43% African American, 0.63% Native American, 5.73% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.90% of the population.

There were 421 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-traditional families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the village, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $26,364, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $25,938 versus $19,423 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,978. About 13.7% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over.

Wineries[edit]

  • Alto Vineyards
  • Rustle Hill Winery
  • Owl Creek Vineyard
  • StarView Vineyards
  • Blue Sky Vineyards
  • Honker Hill Winery
  • Von Jakob Winery & Brewery

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 11, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Allen, John W. Legends and Lore of Southern Illinois, 1963, p. 355.
  4. ^ Illinois Central Magazine. Illinois Central Railroad Company. 1922. p. 42.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Sources[edit]

  • "History of Cobden," History Committee of the Cobden Community Development Program, 1955