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Niwaella delicata (Shiga,Japan).jpg
Cobitis delicata
Cobitis paludica 01 by-dpc.jpg
Cobitis paludica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cobitidae
Genus: Cobitis
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Cobitis taenia
Linnaeus, 1758

Acanestrinia Bǎcescu, 1962
Acanthopsis Agassiz, 1832
Acantophthalmus van Hasselt, 1823
Beyshehiria Erk'akan, Ekmekçi & Nalbant, 1999
Bicanestrinia Bǎcescu, 1962
Cobitinula Hankó, 1924
Iberocobitis Bǎcescu, 1962
Iksookimia Nalbant, 1993 [1]
Kichulchoia Kim, Park & Nalbant, 1999 [1]
Niwaella Nalbant, 1993 [1]

Cobitis is a palearctic genus of ray-finned fish in the family Cobitidae. It contains the typical spiny loaches, including the well-known spined loach of temperate western Eurasia. As of early 2012, the genus contained 69 named species. Similar spiny loaches, occurring generally south of the range of Cobitis, are nowadays separated in Sabanejewia.[2]


There are currently 91 recognized species in this genus: (the last three species are of uncertain placement)

Incertae sedis


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Perdices, A., Bohlen, J., Šlechtová, V. & Doadrio, I. (2016): Molecular Evidence for Multiple Origins of the European Spined Loaches (Teleostei, Cobitidae). PLoS ONE, 11 (1): e0144628.
  2. ^ Perdices, A., Bohlen, J. & Doadrio, I. (2008): The molecular diversity of adriatic spined loaches (Teleostei, Cobitidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46 (1): 382–390.
  3. ^ Vasil’eva, E.D. & Vasil’ev, V.P. (2012): Cobitis amphilekta sp. nova, a New Species of Spined Loaches (Cobitidae, Cypriniformes) from the Caspian Sea Basin. Journal of Ichthyology, 52 (3): 200-206.
  4. ^ Chen, Y.-X., Chen, Y.-F. & He, D.-K. (2013): A new species of spined loach (Osteichthyes, Cobitidae) from the Pearl River, Guangxi of China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 38 (2): 377-387.
  5. ^ Mousavi-Sabet, H., Vatandoust, S., Esmaeili, H.R., Geiger, M.F. & Freyhof, J. (2015): Cobitis avicennae, a new species of spined loach from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cobitidae). Zootaxa, 3914 (5): 558–568.
  6. ^ a b Chen, Y., Sui, X., Liang, N. & Chen, Y. (2015): Two new species of the genus Cobitis Linnaeus (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from southern China. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 34 (3): 517-525.
  7. ^ a b c Chen, Y.-X. & Chen, Y.-F. (2013): Three new species of cobitid fish (Teleostei, Cobitidae) from the River Xinjiang and the River Le’anjiang, tributaries of Lake Poyang of China, with remarks on their classification. Folia Zoologica, 62 (2): 83-95.
  8. ^ Erk'akan, F. & Özdemir, F. (2014): The first new cave fish species, Cobitis damlae (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from Turkey. Hacettepe Journal of Biology & Chemistry, 42 (2): 275–279.
  9. ^ Mousavi-Sabet, H., Vasil’eva, E.D., Vatandoust, S. & Vasil’ev, V.P. (2011): Cobitis faridpaki sp. nova - a New Spined Loach Species (Cobitidae) from the Southern Caspian Sea Basin (Iran). Journal of Ichthyology, 51 (10): 925-931.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Nakajima, J. (2012): Taxonomic study of the Cobitis striata complex (Cypriniformes, Cobitidae) in Japan. Zootaxa, 3586: 103–130.
  11. ^ Nakajima, J. & Suzawa, Y. (2015): Cobitis sakahoko, a new species of spined loach (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from southern Kyushu Island, Japan. Ichthyological Research, 63 (1): 68-78.
  12. ^ Eagderi, S., Jouladeh-Roudbar, A., Jalili, P., Sayyadzadeh, G. & Esmaeili, H.R. (2017): Taxonomic status of the genus Cobitis Linnaeus, 1758 (Teleostei: Cobitidae) in the southern Caspian Sea basin, Iran with description of a new species. FishTaxa, 2(1): 48-61.
  13. ^ Nakajima, J. (2016): Cobitis takenoi sp. n. (Cypriniformes, Cobitidae): a new spined loach from Honshu Island, Japan. ZooKeys, 568: 119–128.