The Town of Cobourg, Ontario was once a "police village" and has a heritage of policing.
The original board of police was instituted in 1834 and this board was incorporated as the Town of Cobourg in 1837. Law enforcement in the early years was entrusted to a high constable, appointed by the district magistrates, who could recruit deputies as a particular need arose. By 1898, the chief of police and the fire chief, John C. Ruse, made his office in the west wing of Victoria Hall.
The current Cobourg Police Service building was originally known as the "Armouries" building. It was purchased by the Town of Cobourg and turned into the town police station in 1971.