Coccus (insect)

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Coccus hesperidum01.jpg
Coccus hesperidum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
Family: Coccidae
Genus: Coccus
Linnaeus, 1758

Coccus is a genus of scale insects in the family Coccidae. Several species, such as Coccus viridis, a major pest of coffee, are major agricultural pests.[1] The type species is Coccus hesperidum Linnaeus.


Former species[edit]


  1. ^ Ananthakrishnan, Taracad Narayanan (2004). "Family Coccidae (soft scales, wax scales, tortoise scales)". In Nayar, K. Karunakaran; Ananthakrishnan, Taracad Narayanan; David, B. Vasantharaj (eds.). General and applied entomology (2nd ed.). New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill. p. 437. ISBN 978-0-07-043435-6.
  2. ^ Ben-Dov, Yair (1977). "Taxonomy of the long brown scale Coccus longulus (Douglas), stat. n.(Homoptera: Coccidae)". Bulletin of Entomological Research. 67 (1): 89–95. doi:10.1017/S0007485300010919.
  3. ^ Ben-Dov, Yair; Cox, Jennifer M. (1990). "The identity of five species of scale insects (Hem., Homoptera, Coccoidea), living on ornamental plants, originally described by PF Bouché". Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. 126: 79–84.
  4. ^ Sanders, James Glossbrenner (1906). Catalogue of recently described Coccidae. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Series, number 12, part 1. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture. p. 372.
  5. ^ De Lotto, Giovanni (1960). "The Green Scales of Coffee in Africa South of the Sahara (Homoptera, Coccidae)". Bulletin of Entomological Research. 51 (2): 389–403. doi:10.1017/S0007485300058041.
  6. ^ Sanders, James Glossbrenner (1909). The euonymus scale (Chionaspis euonymi Comstock). United States Department of Agriculture Circular 114. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture. Google Books - no preview
  7. ^ Bartlett, Blair Ralph (1978). "Coccidae". In Clausen, Curtis P. (ed.). Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds: A world review. Agriculture Handbook No. 480. Washington, D.C.: Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. pp. 57–74, view=1up, seq=68 page 60.
  8. ^ Hall, Wilfrid John (1922). Observations on the Coccidae of Egypt. Technical and Scientific Service Bulletin, number 22. Cairo: Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt, Government Press.
  9. ^ Ben-Dov, Yair (1993). A Systematic Catalogue of the Soft Scale Insects of the World (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae): With Data on Geographical Distribution, Host Plants, Biology, and Economics Importance. Flora & Fauna Handbook, No. 9. Gainesville, Florida: CRC Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-877743-13-9.
  10. ^ De Lotto, Giovanni (1957). "On some Ethiopian species of the genus Coccus (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae)". Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa. 20: 295–314.
  11. ^ Fernald, Maria Elizabeth Smith (1903). A catalogue of the Coccidae of the world. Bulletin of the Hatch Experiment Station of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, Number 88. Amherst, Massachusetts: Carpenter and Morehouse. p. 173, Item 860. book at Google Book
  12. ^ Bartlett 1978, p. 61
  13. ^ Lin, Yen-Po; Kondo, Takumasa; Gullan, Penny; Cook, Lyn G. (2013). "Delimiting genera of scale insects: molecular and morphological evidence for synonymising Taiwansaissetia Tao, Wong and Chang with Coccus Linnaeus (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae)". Systematic Entomology. 38 (2): 249–264. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00664.x.
  14. ^ Fernald 1903, p. 174