Cochliobolus miyabeanus

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Cochliobolus miyabeanus
Cochliobolus miyabeanus.jpg
Symptoms of Cochliobolus miyabeanus on rice
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Class: Dothideomycetes
Order: Pleosporales
Family: Pleosporaceae
Genus: Cochliobolus
Species: C. miyabeanus
Binomial name
Cochliobolus miyabeanus

Cochliobolus miyabeanus (formerly known as helminthosporium oryzae) is a fungus that causes brown spot disease in rice. This disease was the causal agent of the Bengal famine of 1943.

It was used by the USA as a biological weapon in Japan during World War II.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Suffert, Frédéric; Émilie Latxague; Ivan Sache (11 March 2009). "Plant pathogens as agroterrorist weapons: assessment of the threat for European agriculture and forestry". Food Security. Springer Netherlands. 1 (2): 221–232. doi:10.1007/s12571-009-0014-2. Retrieved 14 May 2009.