|Town of Cochrane|
Overview of Cochrane
|Motto: How the West is Now|
|Municipal district||Rocky View County|
|• Village||June 17, 1903|
|• Town||February 15, 1971|
|• Mayor||Ivan Brooker|
|• Governing body|
|• CAO||Julian deCocq|
|• MP||Blake Richards (Cons – Banff—Airdrie)|
|• MLA||Cam Westhead (NDP) – Banff-Cochrane)|
|• Total||30.03 km2 (11.59 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,159 m (3,802 ft)|
|• Density||585.5/km2 (1,516/sq mi)|
|• Municipal census (2016)||25,122|
|Time zone||MST (UTC−7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC−6)|
|Postal code span||T4C|
|Area code(s)||+1-403, +1-587|
|Highways|| Hwy 1A
Hwy 22 Cowboy Trail
|Railways||Canadian Pacific Railway|
Cochrane // is a town in the Canadian province of Alberta. The town is located 18 km west of the Calgary city limits along Highway 1A. With a population of 17,580, Cochrane is the second largest town in Alberta and one of the fastest growing communities in Canada. It is part of Calgary's census metropolitan area and a member community of the Calgary Regional Partnership (CRP). The town is surrounded by Rocky View County.
Cochrane was established in 1881 as the Cochrane Ranche, after Matthew Henry Cochrane, a local rancher. It became a village in 1903 and it had a newspaper and volunteer fire department by 1909. Cochrane incorporated as a town in 1971.
Cochrane is situated at the base of Big Hill in the Bow River Valley. It sits at an elevation of 1,186 metres (3,891 ft). The town is intersected by Highway 1A and Highway 22. Cochrane has a reputation for its western culture, which can easily be felt when one wanders the streets (particularly Main Street). The town is a popular destination for ice cream and coffee in its quaint western-oriented stores as well as for windsports, golfing, hiking and other adventure activities.
Cochrane is also a small industrial centre. Major industries include lumber, construction, retail, and agriculture (ranching). It is notable as being one of a very few communities in Canada with no business tax.
Cochrane is known for outdoor pursuits. It is a centre for paragliding instruction, with the renowned Nick Mueller family operating a school at the top of the Big Hill.
The hill is also a popular training ground for cyclists from the area, who take advantage of its 7% grade and 3.5 km distance.
The following neighbourhoods are located within Cochrane.
- Bow Meadows
- Bow Ridge
- Cochrane Heights
- East End
- Heritage Hills
- Jumping Pound Ridge
- Sunset Ridge
- The Willows
- West Pointe
- West Terrace
- West Valley
|Source: Statistics Canada
The population of the Town of Cochrane according to its 2016 municipal census is 25,122, an 8.8% change from its 2015 municipal census population of 23,084. At its current population, Cochrane is one of the largest towns in the province and is eligible for city status. According to Alberta's Municipal Government Act, a town is eligible for city status when it reaches 10,000 residents.
In the 2011 Census, the Town of Cochrane had a population of 17,580 living in 6,523 of its 6,824 total dwellings, a 27.8% change from its 2006 population of 13,760. With a land area of 30.03 km2 (11.59 sq mi), it had a population density of 585.4/km2 (1,516.2/sq mi) in 2011.
In 2006, Cochrane had a population of 13,760 living in 4,969 dwellings, a 14.3% increase from 2001. The town has a land area of 30.03 km2 (11.59 sq mi) and a population density of 458.3/km2 (1,187/sq mi).
Arts and culture
Cochrane Ranche provided the corral setting for the 1954 National Film Board of Canada documentary Corral, by Colin Low, whose father had worked as a foreman at the ranch. This film played theatrically across Canada and was named Best Documentary at the Venice Film Festival.
Cochrane houses attractions such as Cochrane Ranche Historic Site and Bert Sheppard Stockmen's Foundation Library And Archives, located in the Cochrane Ranchehouse.
Cochrane is home to many annual events each year:
- Chamber of Commerce Trade Fair: Early May
- Canada Day (July 1)
- Town of Cochrane presents the Canada Day Family Concert : Canada Day (July 1)
- Labour Day Rodeo & Parade: Labour Day weekend
- Terry Fox Run: September
- Christmas Lightup: Late November
- Municipal politics
Cochrane has a town council consisting of an elected mayor and six councillors elected at-large. Councillors are elected by the eligible electors by voting for up to six candidates and the six receiving the largest number of votes being elected. The position of deputy mayor is rotated through the councillors over their term. Elections are held on the third Monday in October every fourth year.
- Provincial politics
- Federal politics
Cochrane is located along the southern most boundary of the federal electoral district of Wild Rose. Blake Richards is representing Cochrane in the House of Commons since 2008. He replaced long standing MP Myron Thompson, who was originally elected as a member of the Reform Party in 1993.
Cochrane is home to schools from both the public Rocky View School Division as well as the separate Calgary Catholic School District and the Francophone school system, the Greater Southern Alberta Catholic Francophone Region #4 (CSCFSA).
As of 2008, there are currently nine public and separate schools in operation within the town boundaries.
- Rocky View School Division
- Bow Valley High School: Grades 9–12
- Cochrane High School: Grades 9–12
- Elizabeth Barret Elementary School: Kindergarten, Grades 1–4
- Glenbow Elementary School: Kindergarten, Grades 1–5
- Mitford School: Kindergarten, Grades 1–8
- Manachaban School: Kindergarten, Grades 1–8
- Cochrane Christian Academy: Kindergarten, Grades 1-8
- Calgary Catholic School District
- Holy Spirit: Kindergarten, Grades 1–8
- St. Timothy: Grades 7–12
- Nôtre Dame Des Vallées: Kindergarten, Grades 1–8 (French-Catholic school GSACFR#4 or CSCFSA)
In November 2006 the Rocky View School Division accepted a proposal by the Cochrane Christ-Centred Education Society to set up a Protestant Christian education program in Cochrane. The Cochrane Christian Academy opened its doors at Mitford Middle School in September 2007, offering kindergarten to grade 4. Approval for expansion to include grade 5 for the 2008–09 school year was given by the board of trustees in April 2008.
There are currently two trustees (one from each board) elected to represent Cochrane Schools at their respective boards. As of January 2008 these trustees are:
- Dr. Bruce Pettigrew: Rocky View School Division, Ward 6
- Serafino Scarpino: Calgary Catholic School District, Wards 1, 2 and Cochrane
The Greater Southern Alberta Catholic Francophone Region #4 has one trustee for the Region from Cochrane.
Historically from 1964 until the 1980s, downtown Cochrane had a wood-preserving facility that used creosote to treat railway ties. It was owned and operated by Montreal-based Domtar Corporation, "one of the world's largest paper producers." In the 1980s Domtar sold the land to developers. In c. 1986 Edmonton-based Springwood Developments, a commercial real estate development firm, purchased the land. By 2003 Cochrane Properties, a subsidiary of Conor Pacific Environmental Technologies Inc., had constructed a new shopping centre south of downtown Cochrane on a section of the larger brownfield land site, that was less contaminated.
By 1998 the old Domtar site was still "a barren piece of ground." By December 2002 the Town of Cochrane's chief administrative officer, Julian de Cocq, credited the Brownfield committee created in 1998 with the successful site remediation. The brown committee included the Cochrane Environmental Action Committee (CEAC), the town of Cochrane, Glenn Martin, president of Glenn Martin Consulting Inc., "Alberta Environment, the Calgary Regional Health Authority, a facilitator from the Alberta Community Development and others. By early 2000 after almost a year of intense meetings, all parties has signed on. By December 2002, Glenn Martin Consulting Inc claimed that 20 acres of formerly-brownfield land were declared clean, 14 acres were developed and six acres were services but still vacant.
The Cochrane Environmental Action Committee (CEAC), an apolitical organization, was established in 1989 by concerned Cochrane residents with solid technical knowledge "to leverage its small resources through a wide variety of projects and organizations to find workable solutions" for local and regional environmental issues. CEAC member, Tim Giese, a research chemist in Calgary, explained that "creosote is a complex hydrocarbon source. It protected wood from rotting because it is toxic to most living things" but the site also had pentachlorophenol-contamination, which seeps into ground water and migrates.
Robert (Bob) E. Nowack, Chairman and CEO of Vancouver-based Conor Pacific Canada Inc., described how they reclaimed this shopping centre site by hauling away top layers of contaminated soil which was trucked to a government site where "it will be chemically treated for years." It was noted that the section of the contaminated site that Conor Pacific remediated and developed was "only superficially polluted before the reclamation. Contamination only went 30 to 50 centimetres into the earth." Nowack noted that the creosote-contaminated land surrounding the specified brownfield development site, Nowack noted that "anything that migrate[d] off-site is still Domtar's concern" and that these brownfields were much more seriously contaminated with some areas going down as deep as 30 or 40 feet.
Community Revitalization Levy (CRL)
In February 2012 then-councilor Ivan Brooker and Paige Milner, the town's senior manager of corporate services, promoted the establishment of a Community Revitalization Levy (CRL) in Cochrane. The Council announced that they had already notified the Alberta Minister of Municipal of Affairs about their decision and were awaiting on their approval. Once accepted it is the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta that would create the "CRL regulation and approve a CRL bylaw and community revitalization plan." The Community Revitalization Levy (CRL) redirects an estimated $5.6 million in property taxes on the future increased value generated by future new developments until the debt is repaid in 2032. Property tax revenues resulting from new development, above the set baseline tax set prior to development, are diverted from public funding such as municipal revenue and education towards the repayment of the loan to leverage redevelopments in Cochrane such as remediation of sections of and redevelopment of the area in and around Domtar's former site — now a creosote-contaminated brownfield. Cochrane took on a further debt of up to $3-million in 2013 through the CRL thereby increasing their total debt to $15.5-million which represents "34 per cent of the town's MGA limit-within the median debt levels for similar municipalities." The CRL was approved by the province of Alberta in December 2012.
- Rob Cote, professional football player
- George Fox, musician
- Ethan Gage, professional soccer player
- Mason Raymond, professional ice hockey player
- Justin Dowling, professional ice hockey player
- "Location and History Profile: Town of Cochrane" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. June 17, 2016. p. 162. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
- "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. January 13, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- "2016 Municipal Census: Summary Report". Town of Cochrane. May 2016. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
- "Way more than a ton". Cochrane Times. Canoe Sun Media. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "History of Cochrane". Town of Cochrane. Retrieved December 9, 2012.
- Read, Tracy (1983). Acres and Empires : a history of the Municipal District of Rocky View no. 44. p. 65.
- "Neighbourhoods | Cochrane, AB - Official Website". www.cochrane.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
- "Table IX: Population of cities, towns and incorporated villages in 1906 and 1901 as classed in 1906". Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906. Sessional Paper No. 17a. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1907. p. 100.
- "Table I: Area and Population of Canada by Provinces, Districts and Subdistricts in 1911 and Population in 1901". Census of Canada, 1911. Volume I. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1912. pp. 2–39.
- "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140.
- "Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901". Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922. pp. 169–215.
- "Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta in census years 1901-26, as classed in 1926". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927. pp. 565–567.
- "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102.
- "Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901-1936". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. Volume I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938. pp. 833–836.
- "Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941". Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. Volume II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944. pp. 134–141.
- "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. pp. 401–414.
- "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. p. 6.73–6.83.
- "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50–6.53.
- "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77-6.83.
- "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50–6.53.
- "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102-2.111.
- "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40–3.43.
- "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. p. 4.1–4.10. ISBN 0-660-51095-2.
- "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987. p. 2.1–2.10. ISBN 0-660-53463-0.
- "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3.
- "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997. pp. 136–146. ISBN 0-660-59283-5.
- "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- "Town of Cochrane Council Report: 2015 Municipal Census" (PDF). Town of Cochrane. May 25, 2015. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- "Municipal Government Act". Alberta Queen's Printer. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- Statistics Canada. "Canada 2006 Census: Cochrane - Community Profile". Retrieved 2007-06-10.
- "Corral". NFB.ca. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- Enrique Massot (1 June 2011). "Domtar site remediation near completion". Cochrane Times. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Murdoch Macleod (18 December 2002). "Cochrane's contaminated land cleaned up: Community teamwork paves way for environmental action". Business Edge. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Daniel Austin (29 February 2012). "Town trying to keep some education tax in Cochrane". Cochrane Times. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Town of Cochrane Bylaw r5/2OI2 Being a Bylaw of the Town of Cochrane, in the Province of Alberta, to establish a Community Revitalization Levy, 12 November 2012. Retrieved on 5 September 2015.