Aerial view of the North-west portion of Cockeysville, Maryland
Location of Cockeysville, Maryland
|• Total||11.5 sq mi (29.9 km2)|
|• Land||11.4 sq mi (29.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||308 ft (94 m)|
|• Density||1,800/sq mi (690/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
21030, 21031, 21065
|Area code(s)||410, 443|
|GNIS feature ID||0589994|
Cockeysville was named after the Cockey family who helped establish the town. Thomas Cockey (1676–1737) settled in Limestone Valley in 1725 at Taylor's Hall (an area now just north of Padonia Road and east of Interstate 83). Joshua Frederick Cockey (1765–1821) built one of the first homes in the area in 1798 and built the first commercial structure, a hotel, in 1810 in what would become the village of Cockeysville. His son, Judge Joshua F. Cockey (1800–1891), was a lifelong resident in the village. As a businessman before being appointed as judge, in the 1830s he built the train station (which would be a stop on the Pennsylvania Railroad) and accompanying commercial buildings.
Cockeysville was the scene of some Civil War activity. Confederate soldiers pushed into the Baltimore area, intending to cut off the city and Washington from the north. On July 10, 1864, Confederate cavalry under General Bradley T. Johnson entered Cockeysville, destroying telegraph lines and track along the Northern Central Railway. They also burned the first bridge over the Gunpowder Falls, just beyond nearby Ashland.
After the war, Joshua F. Cockey III (1837–1920) founded the National Bank of Cockeysville (1891) and other commercial ventures in the community, as well as developing dwellings along the York Turnpike (now York Road) that made up the village of Cockeysville.
Baltimore County Public Schools operates public schools:
- Padonia International Elementary
- Warren Elementary School
- Cockeysville Middle School
- Dulaney High School (in neighboring Timonium)
- St. Joseph School (Pre-K - 8)
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The Grand Lodge of Maryland, Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons, is located in Cockeysville on a 250-acre (1.0 km2) campus. It includes a castle-like structure known as Bonnie Blink ("Beautiful View" in Scots), which is the retirement home for Master Masons, Eastern Star ladies and eligible family members. Located throughout the Grand Lodge are detailed, hand-laid tile storyboards depicting Masonic themes.
Adjacent to the Grand Lodge building is the Freemason's Hall, containing the Maryland Grand Lodge Museum. The museum has the desk that George Washington resigned his commission on, prior to becoming President, a rare Latin Bible from 1482, and some jewels and regalia of Maryland's past Grand Masters.
Commerce and industry
The Texas Quarry, near of the intersection of I-83 and Warren Road, dating back to the 19th century, produces limestone and marble, including the marble used in the first phase of construction (1848–54) of the Washington Monument, the whiter portion towards the bottom half of the monument. During the second phase of construction (1880–84) the monument had to be finished using a slightly different-colored stone, most of which came from the Beaver Dam Quarry (now Beaverdam Pond) near the intersection of Beaver Dam Road and McCormick Road.
Blocks of local marble were also used in 1836 as rail supports in the track bed for the Padonia Road section of the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad (which later became part of the Northern Central Railway); the use of marble instead of wood was an experiment that was soon after abandoned.
Cockeysville is located at  north of the Baltimore Beltway (Interstate 695) along Interstate 83 and York Road. It is bordered on the east by Loch Raven Reservoir, on the south by Timonium, and on the west by rural Baltimore County. Most commercial activity is concentrated along York Road.(39.473273, −76.626703),
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.5 square miles (29.9 km2), of which 11.4 square miles (29.5 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2) of it (1.21%) is water.
Cockeysville lies in the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate zone. Summers are hot and very humid, with frequent afternoon thunderstorms, and last from April through November. July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 75.5 °F (24.2 °C). Spring and fall are brief and very pleasant. Winters vary from mild to chilly, with lighter rain showers of longer duration and occasional snowfall. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of 33.5 °F (0.8 °C). Rainfall is abundant and evenly spread throughout the year, with each month averaging around 4 inches of precipitation. Due to the town's location at a slightly higher elevation in the Piedmont region, temperatures are generally lower than in the city of Baltimore.
|Climate data for Cockeysville, MD|
|Record high °F (°C)||76
|Average high °F (°C)||40
|Average low °F (°C)||27
|Record low °F (°C)||−4
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.05
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||10.8||9.3||10.4||10.2||11.5||10.0||10.0||9.1||8.4||8.2||8.9||9.7||116.5|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||155.0||166.7||213.9||231.0||254.2||276.0||291.4||263.5||222.0||204.6||159.0||145.7||2,583|
|Source: NOAA, HKO idcide, intellicast, The Weather Channel|
- Baltimore-Harrisburg Expressway (I-83)
- Beaver Dam Road
- Cranbrook Road
- McCormick Road
- Padonia Road
- Paper Mill Road (MD-145)
- Shawan Road
- Tufton Avenue
- Warren Road (MD-943)
- York Road (MD-45)
Bus Route 93 operates along York and some other roads in the area.
Northern Central Railway
The area used to be served by the Northern Central Railway, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR). Located on the PRR's Baltimore-Harrisburg mainline, Cockeysville saw the passage of many named interstate passenger trains as late as the 1960s, such as the Liberty Limited and the General to Chicago.
President Abraham Lincoln traveled through Cockeysville on the Northern Central Railway en route to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to deliver the Gettysburg Address in 1863. Less than two years later, on April 21, 1865, Lincoln's funeral train also passed through Cockeysville on its way from Washington, D.C., to his final resting place at Springfield, Illinois.
|Race||Population||% of Total|
|Two or More Races||632||3|
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,388 people, 9,176 households, and 4,450 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,718.4 people per square mile (663.6/km²). There were 9,606 housing units at an average density of 851.4 per square mile (328.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 77.97% White, 9.89% Asian, 8.87% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.39% of the population.
There were 9,176 households out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.5% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,681, and the median income for a family was $62,266 (these figures had risen to $60,088 and $92,392 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $40,732 versus $32,177 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,080. About 4.7% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
Hunt Valley, Maryland, adjoining Cockeysville
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cockeysville CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- Cockeysville Branch
- Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M. of Maryland official site
- Google (January 31, 2013). "Marble quarries near Cockeysville, MD" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- William D. Purdum (March 5, 1940). "The history of the marble quarries in Baltimore County, Maryland". Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad Marble Track Bed from the Historical Marker Database
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cockeysville CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
- Geologic Map of Maryland, 1968. Cleaves, E. T., Edwards, J. Jr., and Glaser, J. D. Maryland Geological Survey. Scale 1:250,000.
- "The New 1981–2010 Climate Normals" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- "Climatological Normals of Cockeysville, MD". Hong Kong Observatory. Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "Average Temperatures for Cockeysville, MD". NOAA. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "Climatological Data for Cockeysville, MD". NOAA. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "Monthly Averages for Cockeysville, MD". The Weather Channel. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Daniel Carroll Toomey (1997). Baltimore During the Civil War. Toomey Press. p. 170. ISBN 0-9612670-7-0.
- "The Route of Abraham Lincoln's Funeral Train".
- "Cockeysville Maryland Population Statistics". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "Cockeysville CDP, Maryland - Selected Economic Characteristics: 2005-2007". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-03-28.