Cocktail (1988 film)

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Cocktail
Cocktail 1988.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRoger Donaldson
Screenplay byHeywood Gould
Based onCocktail
by Heywood Gould
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyDean Semler
Edited byNeil Travis
Music byJ. Peter Robinson
Production
companies
Distributed byBuena Vista Pictures Distribution
Release date
  • July 29, 1988 (1988-07-29) (United States)
Running time
103 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$20 million[2]
Box office$171.5 million[3]

Cocktail is a 1988 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Roger Donaldson from a screenplay by Heywood Gould, based on Gould's book of the same name. The film tells the story of a young New York City business student, Brian Flanagan, who takes up bartending in order to make ends meet. The film stars Tom Cruise, Bryan Brown, and Elisabeth Shue.

Released on July 29, 1988, by Buena Vista Pictures (under its adult film label Touchstone Pictures), Cocktail features an original music score composed by J. Peter Robinson. Despite earning overwhelmingly negative reviews from critics, and winning the Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture, the film was a huge box office success, grossing more than $170 million worldwide against a budget of $20 million.

Plot[edit]

Cocky Brian Flanagan who has just finished his stint in the army, heads back to New York City and is eager to land a high-powered job in the business world in New York City. When he fails, he settles for work as a bartender while attending business school during the day. An older and more experienced bartender, Doug Coughlin, takes him under his wing and teaches him how to flair. The two become friends, with Doug giving Brian the idea for a nationwide chain of bars called Cocktails and Dreams. Brian drops out of business school and he and Doug become popular bartenders at a trendy nightclub. Eventually, their flairing act catches the eye of Coral, a wealthy photographer and she and Brian begin dating. Doug bets Brian that the relationship won't last and, unbeknownst to Brian, tricks Coral into sleeping with him. After Coral breaks up with Brian, he has a nasty fight with Doug in front of a full bar and dissolves their partnership.

Two years later, Brian works at a beachside bar in Jamaica, hoping to save enough money for his own bar. He meets beautiful artist Jordan Mooney and they begin a passionate relationship. Out of the blue, Doug shows up, now married to the wealthy, flirtatious and much younger Kerry, and bets Brian that he can't attract Bonnie, a wealthy older woman. Brian accepts his challenge and wins Bonnie over. Jordan is devastated when she spots Brian and Bonnie drunkenly walking to Bonnie's hotel room. The next morning, Brian regrets the fling and seeks out Jordan, only to find she has left for the United States.

Brian returns to New York with Bonnie, hoping she will get him the corporate job he wants, but soon feels marginalized and resents her lifestyle. While attending an art exhibit, Brian has an altercation with the artist in front of Bonnie's friends, leading them to break up. He tries to reconcile with Jordan, but she angrily refuses. When calmer, she reveals she is pregnant with his child and does not want him in her life because she does not want to be hurt again. After he tries again to talk to Jordan, a neighbor tells him she has moved into her parents’ upscale Park Avenue apartment. Jordan's father, Richard, tries to buy Brian off with money, but he refuses. Jordan explains that she hid her wealth because she wanted him to love her for who she was. To illustrate how little he cares about her money, he tears up her father's check and leaves.

Brian finds Doug on his new yacht and thinks he has finally achieved the financial success they both wanted. However, Doug tells him that when his business began to fail, he invested all of Kerry's money in commodities and lost her entire wealth. When Brian takes Kerry to her apartment, she says she is bored with marriage and tries to seduce him, but he rebuffs her. He goes back to Doug's boat and finds him dead from suicide. Doug mailed in Brian’s suicide note and told him that his life was a fraud.

Distraught, but determined to win Jordan over, Brian tries to visit Jordan, but is stopped by security who has been told by Jordan's father not to admit him. He fights his way up to Jordan's apartment, tells her of Doug's death and says he doesn't want to make the same mistake by being too proud to ask for help. He says his Uncle Pat has given him a loan to start his own bar and confidently predicts that he will be successful. When she still hesitates, he declares his love for her and how he wants to marry her and take care of her and their child. She agrees to take him back, but Richard interferes, leading to a fight where a security guard assaults Jordan. As they leave, Richard tells them they are on their own and Brian answers that he prefers it that way.

Brian and Jordan marry and Brian finally lived out his dream and opens his own bar, Flanagan's Cocktails and Dreams, with hopes of starting franchises across the country. At the grand opening, Jordan whispers that she is pregnant with twins. In his happiness and much to his Uncle's chagrin, he proclaims that drinks are “on the house” and the bar is open.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Script[edit]

The film was based on Heywood Gould's semi-autobiographical[4] novel published in 1984. Gould had worked as a bartender in New York from 1969 to 1981 to support his writing career. Gould said he "met a lot of interesting people behind the bar and very rarely was it someone who started out wanting to be a bartender. They all had ambitions, some smoldering and some completely forgotten or suppressed."[5]

Gould says the lead character "is a composite of a lot of people I met, including myself in those days. I was in my late 30s, and I was drinking pretty good, and I was starting to feel like I was missing the boat. The character in the book is an older guy who has been around and starting to feel that he's pretty washed-up."[5]

Universal bought the film rights and Gould wrote the script, changing it from his novel. He says the studio put the project in turnaround "because I wasn't making the character likable enough."[5] Disney picked up the project "and I went through the same process with them. I would fight them at every turn, and there was a huge battle over making the lead younger, which I eventually did."[5]

Gould later admitted that the people who wanted him to make changes "were correct. They wanted movie characters. Characters who were upbeat and who were going to have a happy ending and a possible future in their lives. That's what you want for a big commercial Hollywood movie. So I tried to walk that thin line between giving them what they wanted and not completely betraying the whole arena of saloons in general."[5]

Tom Cruise expressed interest in playing the role, which helped get it financed.

"There were a lot of bartenders around like Tom Cruise, younger guys who came on and were doing this for a while—and then 10 years later, still doing it," said Gould. "It wasn't as if I was betraying the character. It was a matter of making the character more idealistic, more hopeful—he's got his life ahead of him. He turns on the charm, without the cynical bitter edge of the older guys."[5]

Bryan Brown later said the original script "was one of the very best screenplays I had ever read. Very dark... about the cult of celebrity and everything about it.... Tom Cruise is a very sweet man, he was then and still is. But when Tom came in, the movie had to change. The studio made the changes to protect the star and it became a much slighter movie because of it."[6]

Casting[edit]

Bryan Brown was cast on the strength of his performance in F/X.[7]

Production[edit]

Gould says the tricks involving throwing bottles was not in the book, but something he showed Cruise and Bryan Brown. They used it and it became a prominent feature of the film.[5]

Post production[edit]

A music score was originally done by Maurice Jarre. A new score was added at the last minute.[8]

Kelly Lynch later said the film "was actually a really complicated story about the '80s and power and money, and it was really re-edited where they completely lost my character's backstory—her low self-esteem, who her father was, why she was this person that she was—but it was obviously a really successful movie, if not as good as it could've been." She claimed Disney reshot "about a third of the film... and turned it into flipping the bottles and this and that.... But we had a really great time. And Tom was so much fun, just a ball to work with, both on and off camera."[9]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Cocktail earned $78.2 million at the North American box office, and $93.3 million international to a total of $171.5 million worldwide, almost nine times its $20 million budget, and ranking as the eighth highest-grossing film of 1988 worldwide.[3][10]

Critical response[edit]

Despite its box office success, Cocktail received overwhelmingly negative reviews from critics. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 7% of 44 film critics have given the film a positive review, with a rating average of 3.94/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "There are no surprises in Cocktail, a shallow, dramatically inert romance that squanders Tom Cruise's talents in what amounts to a naive barkeep's banal fantasy."[11] On Metacritic, the film has a 12 out of 100 score based on 14 reviews, indicating "overwhelming dislike".[12] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale.[13]

Vincent Canby of The New York Times gave a negative review, calling it "an upscale, utterly brainless variation on those efficient old B-movies of the 1930s and 40s about the lives, loves and skills of coal miners, sand hogs, and telephone linemen, among others."[14] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times was also critical, explaining that "the more you think about what really happens in Cocktail, the more you realize how empty and fabricated it really is."[15]

"I was not happy with the final product," said Gould. "It got so savaged by the critics ... I was accused of betraying my own work, which is stupid. So I was pretty devastated. I literally couldn't get out of bed for a day. The good thing about that experience is that it toughened me up."[5]

In 1992, Cruise said the film "was not a crowning jewel" in his career.[16]

The official soundtrack single, The Beach Boys' "Kokomo", was commercially successful and topped the charts in America, Australia and Japan. The song was nominated for a Grammy and a Golden Globe.

Accolades[edit]

Cocktail won two Golden Raspberry Awards for Worst Picture and Worst Screenplay while Cruise was nominated as Worst Actor and Donaldson as Worst Director.[17] The film is listed in Golden Raspberry Award founder John Wilson's book The Official Razzie Movie Guide as one of "The 100 Most Enjoyably Bad Movies Ever Made".[18] The film was also nominated for Worst Picture at the 1988 Stinkers Bad Movie Awards but lost to Caddyshack II.[19]

Additionally, Cruise's other film in 1988 was his co-starring role in the Best Picture-winning film Rain Man, alongside Dustin Hoffman. In doing so, he became the first (and as of 2020, only) actor to star in a Worst Picture Razzie winner and Best Picture Oscar winner in the same year.

Soundtrack[edit]

Cocktail (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Soundtrack album by
various artists
ReleasedAugust 2, 1988 (1988-08-02)
Genre
Length35:27
LabelElektra
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[20]
Cocktail soundtrack
No.TitleArtistLength
1."Wild Again"Starship4:43
2."Powerful Stuff"The Fabulous Thunderbirds4:48
3."Since When"Robbie Nevil4:02
4."Don't Worry, Be Happy"Bobby McFerrin4:48
5."Hippy Hippy Shake"The Georgia Satellites1:45
6."Kokomo"The Beach Boys3:34
7."Rave On!"John Cougar Mellencamp3:13
8."All Shook Up"Ry Cooder3:29
9."Oh, I Love You So"Preston Smith2:42
10."Tutti Frutti"Little Richard2:23

Additional tracks featured in the film include:

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Certifications for Cocktail
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[38] 4× Platinum 280,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[47] Diamond 1,000,000^
France (SNEP)[48] Gold 100,000*
Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong)[49] Gold 10,000*
New Zealand (RMNZ)[50] Platinum 15,000^
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[51] Gold 50,000^
Sweden (GLF)[52] Gold 50,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[53] Gold 25,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[54] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[55] 4× Platinum 4,000,000^

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cocktail (15)". British Board of Film Classification. September 8, 1988. Archived from the original on November 28, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2016.
  2. ^ "Box Office Champs, Chumps : The hero of the bottom line was the 46-year-old 'Bambi'". Los Angeles Times. January 8, 1989.[dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Cocktail (1988)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
  4. ^ Brown, Derek (July 5, 2013). "Cocktail at 25: Heywood Gould on Tom Cruise, flair, and barman poets". Table Matters. Archived from the original on August 20, 2017. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Metz, Nina (March 21, 2013). "Toss up a bottle for the author of 'Cocktail'". Chicago Tribune.
  6. ^ "Film: AN INTERVIEW WITH BRYAN BROWN". Archived from the original on March 17, 2018. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  7. ^ "Cocktail Exclusive: Director Roger Donaldson on Blu-Ray Debut". June 5, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  8. ^ "Filmzene.net – J. Peter Robinson: Between East and West (interview)". www.filmzene.net. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  9. ^ Harris, Will. "Kelly Lynch on Magic City, John Hughes, and playing a drag king". Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  10. ^ Easton, Nina J. (January 5, 1989). "Roger Rabbit' Hops to Box-Office Top; 'Coming to America' Hits 2nd". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
  11. ^ "Cocktail". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  12. ^ "Cocktail". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  13. ^ "Cinemascore :: Movie Title Search". December 20, 2018. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  14. ^ Canby, Vincent (July 29, 1988). "Movie Review – Cocktail". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 25, 2015. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  15. ^ Ebert, Roger (July 29, 1988). "Cocktail :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". The Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  16. ^ "Tom Cruise". Rolling Stone. May 1992.
  17. ^ Wilson, John (August 23, 2000). "The Razzie Awards – 1988 Archive". Golden Raspberry Award. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  18. ^ Wilson, John (2005). The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 978-0-446-69334-9.
  19. ^ "Awards". Archived from the original on August 16, 2007.
  20. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Cocktail – Original Soundtrack". AllMusic.
  21. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Soundtrack – Cocktail". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  22. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Soundtrack – Cocktail" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  23. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 8686". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  24. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Soundtrack – Cocktail" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  25. ^ "European Top 100 Albums" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 6, no. 8. February 25, 1989. p. 23. OCLC 29800226 – via World Radio History.
  26. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin – levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
  27. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Soundtrack – Cocktail" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  28. ^ "Ísland (LP-plötur)". DV (in Icelandic). November 11, 1988. p. 44. ISSN 1021-8254 – via Timarit.is.
  29. ^ "Charts.nz – Soundtrack – Cocktail". Hung Medien. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  30. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Soundtrack – Cocktail". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
  31. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Soundtrack – Cocktail". Hung Medien. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  32. ^ "Soundtrack Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  33. ^ "Official Soundtrack Albums Chart Top 50". Official Charts Company. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  34. ^ "Soundtrack Chart History (Soundtrack Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  35. ^ "Top 100 Albums of '88" (PDF). RPM. Vol. 49, no. 10. December 24, 1988. p. 13. ISSN 0033-7064 – via World Radio History.
  36. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1988". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 14, 2021. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
  37. ^ "1988 The Year in Music & Video – Top Pop Album Soundtracks" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 100, no. 52. December 24, 1988. p. Y-21. ISSN 0006-2510 – via World Radio History.
  38. ^ a b "ARIA Top 50 Albums for 1989". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  39. ^ "Jahreshitparade Alben 1989". austriancharts.at (in German). Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  40. ^ "Top 100 Albums of '89". RPM. Vol. 51, no. 8. December 23, 1989. p. 14. ISSN 0315-5994 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  41. ^ "European Top 100 Albums 1989" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 6, no. 51. December 23, 1989. p. 9. OCLC 29800226 – via World Radio History.
  42. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts – 1989" (in German). Offizielle Deutsche Charts. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  43. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1989". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  44. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1989". hitparade.ch (in German). Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  45. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1989". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 11, 2021. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  46. ^ "1989 The Year in Music – Top Pop Album Soundtracks" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 101, no. 51. December 23, 1989. p. Y-58. ISSN 0006-2510 – via World Radio History.
  47. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Various Artists – Cocktail". Music Canada. January 15, 1992.
  48. ^ "French album certifications – B.O.F. – Cocktail" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved August 6, 2020. Select B.O.F. and click OK. 
  49. ^ "IFPIHK Gold Disc Award − 1990". IFPI Hong Kong. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  50. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Various – Cocktail OST". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  51. ^ Fernando Salaverri (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. p. 953. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  52. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. April 10, 1989. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2011.
  53. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Various; 'Cocktail OST')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien.
  54. ^ "British album certifications – Original Soundtrack – Cocktail - Ost". British Phonographic Industry. March 3, 1989. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  55. ^ "American album certifications – Soundtrack – Cocktail". Recording Industry Association of America. January 10, 1989. Retrieved August 6, 2020.

External links[edit]

Preceded by Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture
9th Golden Raspberry Awards
Succeeded by