Cocktail sauce

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Cocktail sauce
2 servings of cocktail shrimp with dipping sauce.JPG
Two servings of shrimp cocktail with cocktail sauce
Type Sauce
Place of origin United Kingdom
Created by Fanny Cradock
Serving temperature Cold
Main ingredients Ketchup or chili sauce mixed with prepared horseradish
Ingredients generally used Lemon juice, Worcestershire sauce and Tabasco sauce
Cookbook: Cocktail sauce  Media: Cocktail sauce

Cocktail sauce is one of several types of cold or room temperature sauces often served as part of the dish(es) referred to as seafood cocktail or as a condiment with other seafoods.[1] The sauce, and the dish for which it is named, are often credited to British celebrity chef Fanny Cradock, but seafood cocktails predate her 1967 recipe by some years (for example, Constance Spry published a seafood cocktail using Dublin Bay Prawns in 1956)[2].

Origin[edit]

A shrimp cocktail served with cocktail sauce
Shrimp cocktail, but not served on a cocktail glass, sauce not visible

Seafood cocktails originated in the 19th century in the United States, usually made with oyster or shrimp, and seafood with spiced, cold sauces were a well-established part of the 20th century culinary repertoire. While Cocktail Sauce is most associated with the Prawn cocktail, it can be served with any shellfish.

Varieties[edit]

United States[edit]

In America it generally consists of, at a minimum, ketchup or chili sauce mixed with prepared horseradish. Lemon juice, Worcestershire sauce and Tabasco sauce are common additives, often all three.[3] Some restaurants use chili sauce, a spicier tomato-based sauce in place of the ketchup.

Elsewhere[edit]

The common form of cocktail sauce in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Iceland, France, Belgium and The Netherlands, usually consists of mayonnaise mixed with a tomato sauce to the same pink colour as prawns, producing a result that could be compared to fry sauce. It is similar to Thousand Island dressing, but the more usual British name is Marie (or Mary) Rose Sauce. The origins of the name are unclear and it is variously credited to a 1980s dive team cook working at the site of the Tudor ship, the Mary Rose, and Fanny Cradock. However, the term first appeared in the 1920s as a term for a garnish of shrimp, and was in use for cocktail sauce by at least 1963[4]. The name was linked to the colour and Escoffier uses it to describe a pink iced pudding. It was so ubiquitous in the 1960s and 1970s that is has since become something of a joke in Britain, along with its most commonly associated dish, the prawn cocktail[5].

In Belgium, a dash of whisky is often added to the sauce. It is popularly served with steamed shrimp and seafood on the half shell.

In Australia, it is often provided in fish and chip shops.

In oyster bars[edit]

In most American oyster bars, cocktail sauce is the standard accompaniment for raw oysters and patrons at an oyster bar expect to be able to mix their own. The standard ingredients (in roughly decreasing proportion) are ketchup, horseradish, hot sauce (Tabasco, Louisiana, or Crystal), Worcestershire sauce, and lemon juice. A soufflé cup is usually set in the middle of the platter of oysters along with a cocktail fork and a lemon slice. Often, the bottles of ketchup and other sauces are grouped together in stations every couple of feet along the counter, but in some oyster bars, patrons are served with their own ingredients.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Professional Cooking, College Version - Wayne Gisslen - Google Books
  2. ^ Spry, Constance; Hume, Rosemary (2014-01-19). Constance Spry Cookery Book. Grub Street. ISBN 9781909166103. 
  3. ^ Frank Stitt's Southern Table - Frank Stitt, Christopher Hirsheimer - Google Books
  4. ^ Stevenson, Angus (2010-08-19). Oxford Dictionary of English. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780199571123. 
  5. ^ Cloake, Felicity (2014-08-20). "How to make the perfect prawn cocktail". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-01-09. 

External links[edit]