|Founded||February 18, 1891|
|Named for||Hopi designation for the Havasupai, Hualapai, and/or Yavapai tribes|
|• Total||18,661 sq mi (48,330 km2)|
|• Land||18,619 sq mi (48,220 km2)|
|• Water||43 sq mi (110 km2) 0.2%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||7.8/sq mi (3.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Mountain)|
Coconino County is a county in the north-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. Its population was 145,101 at the 2020 census. The county seat is Flagstaff. The county takes its name from Cohonino, a name applied to the Havasupai people. It is the second-largest county by area in the contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, California. It has 18,661 sq mi (48,300 km2), or 16.4% of Arizona's total area, and is larger than each of the nine smallest states in the U.S.
Coconino County comprises the Flagstaff metropolitan statistical area, Grand Canyon National Park, the federally recognized Havasupai Nation, and parts of the federally recognized Navajo, Hualapai, and Hopi nations. As a result, its relatively large Native American population makes up nearly 30% of the county's total population; it is mostly Navajo, with smaller numbers of other tribes.
After European Americans completed the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad in 1883, the region of northern Yavapai County began to undergo rapid growth. The people of the northern reaches had tired of the rigors of traveling to Prescott to conduct county business. They believed that they should have their own county jurisdiction, so petitioned in 1887 for secession from Yavapai and creation of a new Frisco County. This did not take place, but Coconino County was formed in 1891 and its seat was designated as Flagstaff.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 18,661 square miles (48,330 km2), of which 18,619 square miles (48,220 km2) are land and 43 square miles (110 km2) (0.2%) are covered by water. It is the largest county by area in Arizona and the second-largest county in the United States (excluding boroughs in Alaska) after San Bernardino County in California. It has more land area than each of the following states: Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
- Mohave County – west
- Yavapai County – south
- Gila County – south
- Navajo County – east
- San Juan County, Utah – northeast
- Kane County, Utah – north
Coconino County has 7,142 sq mi (18,497.7 km2) of federally designated Indian reservations, second in scale only to Apache County. In descending order of area within the county, the reservations are the Navajo, Hualapai, Hopi, Havasupai, and Kaibab. The Havasupai Reservation is the only one that lies entirely within the county's borders.
National protected areas
- Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (part)
- Coconino National Forest (part)
- Glen Canyon National Recreation Area (part)
- Grand Canyon National Park (part)
- Kaibab National Forest (part)
- Prescott National Forest (part)
- Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument
- Vermilion Cliffs National Monument
- Walnut Canyon National Monument
- Wupatki National Monument
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 116,320 people, 40,448 households, and 26,938 families were living in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km2). The 53,443 housing units averaged 3 per sq mi (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 63.1% White, 28.5% Native American, 1.0% African American, 0.8% Asian, 4.2% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. About 10.9% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. Around 18.6% reported speaking Navajo at home, while 6.6% spoke Spanish.
Of the 40,448 households, 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were not families. About 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80, and the average family size was 3.36.
In the county, the age distribution was 28.7% under 18, 14.4% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $38,256, and for a family was $45,873. Males had a median income of $32,226 versus $25,055 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,139. About 13.1% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, 134,421 people, 46,711 households, and 29,656 families were living in the county. The population density was 7.2 inhabitants per square mile (2.8/km2). The 63,321 housing units had an average density of 3.4 per square mile (1.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 61.7% White (55.2% non-Hispanic White), 27.3% American Indian, 1.4% Asian, 1.2% African American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.2% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.5% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were:
Of the 46,711 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were not families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.69, and the average family size was 3.26. The median age was 31.0 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,510 and for a family was $58,841. Males had a median income of $42,331 versus $31,869 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,632. About 11.6% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.
- Bitter Springs
- Blue Ridge
- Doney Park
- Forest Lakes
- Fort Valley
- Grand Canyon Village
- Kachina Village
- Kaibab Estates West
- Mormon Lake
- Mountain View Ranches
- Munds Park
- Oak Creek Canyon
- Red Lake
- Tolani Lake
- Tuba City
- Winslow West (mostly in Navajo County)
- Havasupai Indian Reservation
- Hopi Reservation
- Hualapai Indian reservation
- Kaibab Indian Reservation
- Navajo Nation
County population ranking
|Rank||City/town/etc.||Population (2010 Census)||Municipal type||Incorporated|
|2||Sedona (mostly in Yavapai County)||10,031||City||1988|
|8||Grand Canyon Village||2,004||CDP|
|23||Winslow West (mostly in Navajo County)||438||CDP|
|26||Kaibab (mostly in Mohave County)||124||CDP|
Coconino County has trended towards the Democratic Party in modern times after being a Republican stronghold between the 1950s and 1980s. It was won by every Republican presidential nominee between 1952 and 1988; however, no Republican since George H. W. Bush in 1988 has managed to come within 6% of reclaiming the county. It is the only county from any state west of the Mississippi river that voted for Barry Goldwater in 1964 but has since voted for the democratic nominee in the most recent six presidential elections.
In 2017, the largest employers in Coconino County were:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Northern Arizona University||3,500|
|2||W.L. Gore & Associates||3,060|
|3||Flagstaff Medical Center||2,180|
|4||Flagstaff Unified School District||1,590|
|7||City of Flagstaff||750|
|8||National Park Service||700|
|9||Page Unified School District 8||680|
|10||State of Arizona||670|
|11||Grand Canyon Railway||600|
|12||Haven of Flagstaff||510|
|13||Salt River Project||500|
|14||United States Forest Service||490|
|Sector||Number of jobs||Percent||National percent|
|Accommodation and food services||14,472||16.6%||7.5%|
|Health care and social assistance||9,901||11.4%||11.3%|
|Real estate and rental and leasing||4,072||4.7%||4.8%|
|Other services (except government)||3,883||4.5%||5.8%|
|Professional, scientific, and technical services||3,777||4.3%||7.2%|
|Arts, entertainment, and recreation||3,507||4.0%||2.4%|
|Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services||2,592||3.0%||6.2%|
|Transportation and warehousing||2,162||2.5%||4.5%|
|Finance and insurance||1,813||2.1%||5.4%|
|Forestry, fishing, and related activities||230||0.3%||0.5%|
|Management of companies and enterprises||216||0.2%||1.4%|
|Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction||175||0.2%||0.6%|
Flagstaff in Coconino County is a major highway junction, with Interstate 40 extending to the east and the west (connecting with Williams and Winslow, Arizona, for example), and with Interstate 17 extending south from Flagstaff to Phoenix and Maricopa County. U.S. Routes 89 and 180 extend north from Flagstaff and connect it with the Grand Canyon National Park.
Flagstaff Pulliam Airport is a public airport located four miles (6 km) south of the central business district of Flagstaff, it is mostly used for general aviation but is also served by two commercial airlines.
The Mountain Line provides public transportation bus service in the Flagstaff area.
School districts include:
Bureau of Indian Education (BIE)-operated and affiliated tribal schools
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Coconino County, Arizona
- USS Coconino County (LST-603)
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- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved September 27, 2022.
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- "Language Map Data Center".
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- Promotions, Center for New Media and. "US Census Bureau 2010 Census".
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- "Dave Leip's Atlas of United States Presidential Elections". Retrieved June 11, 2011.
- "Our Location Archived July 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." Grand Canyon Airlines. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.
- "Locate Us Archived March 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine." Air Grand Canyon. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.
- Coconino County – Business, Jobs, and Industry Highlights
- "Apps Test | U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)". Apps.bea.gov. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
- "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Coconino County, AZ" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved July 23, 2022. - Text list
- Geographic data related to Coconino County, Arizona at OpenStreetMap
- Official website
- Coconino County profile Archived March 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine at Arizona Department of Commerce
- Geologic Map of the Eastern Quarter of the Flagstaff 30ʹ x 60ʹ Quadrangle, Coconino County, Northern Arizona United States Geological Survey